Mërkur, ²Zhiva

Mërkur, ²Zhiva (Hg)

element kimik me numër atomik 80
Atomic Number80
Atomic Weight200.592
Numri i masës202
Group12
Period6
Blockd
protoni80 p+
neutroni122 n0
elektroni80 e-
Animated Bohr model of Hg (Mërkur, ²Zhiva)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
150 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
ionic radius
97 pm
Crystal Radius
111 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
density
13,5336 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Mërkur, ²Zhiva0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
10,437504 eV/particle
ionization energy of Hg (Mërkur, ²Zhiva)
enthalpy of vaporization
58,5 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
2,295 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
61,38 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
Bohr model: Hg (Mërkur, ²Zhiva)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Hg (Mërkur, ²Zhiva)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Hg (Mërkur, ²Zhiva)
Orbital Diagram of Hg (Mërkur, ²Zhiva)
oxidation number-2, 1, 2
Elektronegativiteti
1.9
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesLiquid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
629,769 K
Melting Point
234,321 K
critical pressure
167 MPa
critical temperature
1 764,15 K
triple point
234,3156 K
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery
refractive index
1,000933
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,000181 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,983 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000096 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
4,154 K
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000021 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000421 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000284
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
2,99 Å
Lattice Angles1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
25 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Shpejtësia e zërit
1 407 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number76
Mendeleev Number79
Pettifor Number74
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
33,91 ± 0,34 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
374
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,063
numër kuantik1S0
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Mercury

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition20229.74%20229.74%20023.14%20023.14%19916.94%19916.94%20113.17%20113.17%19810.04%19810.04%2046.82%2046.82%1960.15%1960.15%

170Hg

Numri i masës170
numri i neutroneve90
relative atomic mass
170,005814 ± 0,000324 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
310 ± 250 us
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2019
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

171Hg

Numri i masës171
numri i neutroneve91
relative atomic mass
171,003585 ± 0,000329 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70 ± 30 us
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2004
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

172Hg

Numri i masës172
numri i neutroneve92
relative atomic mass
171,998860581 ± 0,000161098 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
231 ± 9 us
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

173Hg

Numri i masës173
numri i neutroneve93
relative atomic mass
172,997143 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
800 ± 80 us
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

174Hg

Numri i masës174
numri i neutroneve94
relative atomic mass
173,992870575 ± 0,000020623 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2 ± 0,4 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

175Hg

Numri i masës175
numri i neutroneve95
relative atomic mass
174,991444451 ± 0,000087047 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,2 ± 0,3 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

176Hg

Numri i masës176
numri i neutroneve96
relative atomic mass
175,98734867 ± 0,000011936 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,3 ± 1,4 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Hg

Numri i masës177
numri i neutroneve97
relative atomic mass
176,98628459 ± 0,000090952 Da
g-factor
-0,29142857142857 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
117 ± 7 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1975
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

178Hg

Numri i masës178
numri i neutroneve98
relative atomic mass
177,982484756 ± 0,000011548 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
266,5 ± 2,4 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Hg

Numri i masës179
numri i neutroneve99
relative atomic mass
178,981821759 ± 0,000030188 Da
g-factor
-0,26857142857143 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,05 ± 0,03 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)75%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)25%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.15%

180Hg

Numri i masës180
numri i neutroneve100
relative atomic mass
179,97826018 ± 0,000013574 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,59 ± 0,01 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52%
α (α emission)48%

181Hg

Numri i masës181
numri i neutroneve101
relative atomic mass
180,977819368 ± 0,000016513 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,6 ± 0,1 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)73%
α (α emission)27%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.014%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)9%

182Hg

Numri i masës182
numri i neutroneve102
relative atomic mass
181,974689173 ± 0,00001051 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,83 ± 0,06 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1968
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)86.2%
α (α emission)13.8%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1%

183Hg

Numri i masës183
numri i neutroneve103
relative atomic mass
182,974444652 ± 0,000007604 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,4 ± 0,7 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.3%
α (α emission)11.7%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.6%

184Hg

Numri i masës184
numri i neutroneve104
relative atomic mass
183,971717709 ± 0,000010235 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,87 ± 0,26 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.89%
α (α emission)1.11%

185Hg

Numri i masës185
numri i neutroneve105
relative atomic mass
184,971890696 ± 0,000014641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
49,1 ± 1 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94%
α (α emission)6%

186Hg

Numri i masës186
numri i neutroneve106
relative atomic mass
185,969362061 ± 0,000012507 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,38 ± 0,06 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.016%

187Hg

Numri i masës187
numri i neutroneve107
relative atomic mass
186,96981354 ± 0,00001381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,9 ± 0,3 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Hg

Numri i masës188
numri i neutroneve108
relative atomic mass
187,967580738 ± 0,000007285 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,25 ± 0,15 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.7%

189Hg

Numri i masës189
numri i neutroneve109
relative atomic mass
188,968194776 ± 0,000033873 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,6 ± 0,2 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

190Hg

Numri i masës190
numri i neutroneve110
relative atomic mass
189,96632225 ± 0,000017076 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20 ± 0,5 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1959
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

191Hg

Numri i masës191
numri i neutroneve111
relative atomic mass
190,967158301 ± 0,000023918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
49 ± 10 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

192Hg

Numri i masës192
numri i neutroneve112
relative atomic mass
191,965634263 ± 0,000016679 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,85 ± 0,2 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%
α (α emission)

193Hg

Numri i masës193
numri i neutroneve113
relative atomic mass
192,966653395 ± 0,000016645 Da
g-factor
-0,41673333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,8 ± 0,15 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,7 ± 0,3
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

194Hg

Numri i masës194
numri i neutroneve114
relative atomic mass
193,965449108 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
447 ± 28 y
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

195Hg

Numri i masës195
numri i neutroneve115
relative atomic mass
194,966705809 ± 0,000024843 Da
g-factor
1,0786 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,69 ± 0,16 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Hg

Numri i masës196
numri i neutroneve116
relative atomic mass
195,965833445 ± 0,000003163 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,15 ± 0,01
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1930
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

197Hg

Numri i masës197
numri i neutroneve117
relative atomic mass
196,967213715 ± 0,000003442 Da
g-factor
1,0506 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,93 ± 0,07 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1941
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

198Hg

Numri i masës198
numri i neutroneve118
relative atomic mass
197,966769177 ± 0,000000491 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,04 ± 0,03
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1925
parity+

199Hg

Numri i masës199
numri i neutroneve119
relative atomic mass
198,968280994 ± 0,000000564 Da
g-factor
1,0078 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
16,94 ± 0,12
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1925
parity-

200Hg

Numri i masës200
numri i neutroneve120
relative atomic mass
199,968326941 ± 0,000000568 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
23,14 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1925
parity+

201Hg

Numri i masës201
numri i neutroneve121
relative atomic mass
200,970303054 ± 0,000000763 Da
g-factor
-0,372 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
13,17 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1925
parity-

202Hg

Numri i masës202
numri i neutroneve122
relative atomic mass
201,970643604 ± 0,000000757 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
29,74 ± 0,13
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

203Hg

Numri i masës203
numri i neutroneve123
relative atomic mass
202,972872396 ± 0,00000175 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
46,61 ± 0,01 d
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,344 ± 0,007
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

204Hg

Numri i masës204
numri i neutroneve124
relative atomic mass
203,973494037 ± 0,000000534 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
6,82 ± 0,04
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)

205Hg

Numri i masës205
numri i neutroneve125
relative atomic mass
204,976073151 ± 0,000003923 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,14 ± 0,09 m
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

206Hg

Numri i masës206
numri i neutroneve126
relative atomic mass
205,977513837 ± 0,000021943 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,32 ± 0,07 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1961
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

207Hg

Numri i masës207
numri i neutroneve127
relative atomic mass
206,9823 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,9 ± 0,2 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

208Hg

Numri i masës208
numri i neutroneve128
relative atomic mass
207,985759 ± 0,000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
135 ± 10 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

209Hg

Numri i masës209
numri i neutroneve129
relative atomic mass
208,990757 ± 0,000161 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,3 ± 1,1 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1998
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Hg

Numri i masës210
numri i neutroneve130
relative atomic mass
209,99431 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64 ± 12 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1998
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.2%

211Hg

Numri i masës211
numri i neutroneve131
relative atomic mass
210,999581 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,4 ± 8,1 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.3%

212Hg

Numri i masës212
numri i neutroneve132
relative atomic mass
212,003242 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

213Hg

Numri i masës213
numri i neutroneve133
relative atomic mass
213,008803 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

214Hg

Numri i masës214
numri i neutroneve134
relative atomic mass
214,012636 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

215Hg

Numri i masës215
numri i neutroneve135
relative atomic mass
215,018368 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

216Hg

Numri i masës216
numri i neutroneve136
relative atomic mass
216,022459 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Mercury-element

historia

zbuluesKnown to the ancients.
vendndodhja e zbulimit
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
EtimologjiaFrom the Roman god Mercury; symbol from Latin: hydrargyrus (liquid silver).
pronunciationMER-kyoo-ri (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,085 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000025 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5419
2p4.499
2s20.8906
3d13.4804
3p22.4798
3s23.4587
4d37.532
4f38.2392
4p35.594
4s34.7552
5d59.144
5p54.033
5s51.889
6s68.8466