Jodium

Jodium (I)

chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53
Atomic Number53
Atomic Weight126.90447
Massagetal127
Group17
Period5
Blockp
proton53 p+
neutron74 n0
elektron53 e-
Animated Bohr model of I (Jodium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
140 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
Ioonradius
220 pm
Crystal Radius
206 pm
Van der Waals radius
198 pm
density
4,933 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Jodium020406080100120140160180200pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
608,2 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,0590368 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,45126 eV/particle
ionization energy of I (Jodium)
Verdampingswarmte
41,95 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
15,52 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
106,757 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 18, 7
Bohr model: I (Jodium)
Valenselektrone7
Lewisteorie: I (Jodium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5
Enhanced Bohr model of I (Jodium)
Orbital Diagram of I (Jodium)
Oksidasietoestand-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegatiwiteit
2.66
Electrophilicity Index
3,0864889135126865 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
457,55 K
Melting Point
386,85 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
819,15 K
triple point
386,75 K
12,11 kPa
appearance
kleur
Slate Gray
appearancelustrous metallic gray, violet as a gas
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
54,43 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,214 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Geleidingsvermoë
0,0000000000001 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
10 000 000 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000045 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000114 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000222
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
7,72 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
7,7 GPa
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number99
Mendeleev Number109
Pettifor Number97
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
583,5 kJ/mol
polarizability
32,9 ± 1,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
385 a₀
allotropeDiiodine
Neutron cross section
6,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0018
quantum number2P3/2
Ruimtegroep64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Iodine

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

106I

Massagetal106
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
105,953516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

107I

Massagetal107
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
106,946935 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

108I

Massagetal108
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
107,943348 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
26,4 ± 0,8 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.5%
p (proton emission)0.5%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

109I

Massagetal109
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
108,938086022 ± 0,000007223 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
92,8 ± 0,8 us
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)99.986%
α (α emission)0.014%

110I

Massagetal110
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
109,935085102 ± 0,000066494 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
664 ± 24 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83%
α (α emission)17%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)1.1%

111I

Massagetal111
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
110,930269236 ± 0,000005103 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,5 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.088%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112I

Massagetal112
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
111,928004548 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,34 ± 0,08 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0012%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.88%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.104%

113I

Massagetal113
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
112,923650062 ± 0,0000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,6 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.31%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

114I

Massagetal114
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
113,9220189 ± 0,0000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,01 ± 0,15 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
α (α emission)7.7%

115I

Massagetal115
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
114,918048 ± 0,000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,3 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116I

Massagetal116
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
115,916885513 ± 0,000080555 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,91 ± 0,15 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117I

Massagetal117
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
116,913645649 ± 0,000027437 Da
g-factor
1,24 ± 0,08
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,22 ± 0,04 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1969
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)77%

118I

Massagetal118
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
117,913074 ± 0,000021213 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
13,7 ± 0,5 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119I

Massagetal119
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
118,91006091 ± 0,000023302 Da
g-factor
1,16 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19,1 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)51%
ϵ (electron capture)49%

120I

Massagetal120
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
119,910093729 ± 0,000016212 Da
g-factor
0,615 ± 0,015
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
81,67 ± 0,18 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121I

Massagetal121
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
120,907411492 ± 0,00000507 Da
g-factor
0,92 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,12 ± 0,01 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122I

Massagetal122
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
121,907590094 ± 0,000005561 Da
g-factor
0,94 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,63 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)78%
ϵ (electron capture)22%

123I

Massagetal123
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
122,905589753 ± 0,000003956 Da
g-factor
1,1272 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
13,2232 ± 0,0015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124I

Massagetal124
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
123,906210297 ± 0,000002467 Da
g-factor
0,723 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,176 ± 0,0003 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

125I

Massagetal125
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
124,90463061 ± 0,000001452 Da
g-factor
1,1284 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
59,392 ± 0,008 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,752 ± 0,017
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

126I

Massagetal126
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
125,905624205 ± 0,000004055 Da
g-factor
0,719 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,93 ± 0,05 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52.7%
β (β decay)47.3%

127I

Massagetal127
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
126,904472592 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,688 ± 0,01
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

128I

Massagetal128
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
127,905809355 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
24,99 ± 0,02 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)93.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)6.9%

129I

Massagetal129
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
128,904983643 ± 0,000003385 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
16,14 ± 0,12 My
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130I

Massagetal130
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
129,906670168 ± 0,000003385 Da
g-factor
0,6698 ± 0,0014
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,36 ± 0,01 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131I

Massagetal131
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
130,906126375 ± 0,000000649 Da
g-factor
0,78228571428571 ± 0,00028571428571429
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,0249 ± 0,0006 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,34 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132I

Massagetal132
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
131,907993511 ± 0,000004364 Da
g-factor
0,772 ± 0,00175
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,295 ± 0,013 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,01
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133I

Massagetal133
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
132,9078284 ± 0,000006335 Da
g-factor
0,816 ± 0,0014285714285714
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
20,83 ± 0,08 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,23 ± 0,01
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134I

Massagetal134
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
133,90977566 ± 0,000005213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
52,5 ± 0,2 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

135I

Massagetal135
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
134,910059355 ± 0,000002211 Da
g-factor
0,84 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,58 ± 0,03 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

136I

Massagetal136
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
135,914604693 ± 0,000015231 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
83,4 ± 0,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

137I

Massagetal137
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
136,918028178 ± 0,000009 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
24,13 ± 0,12 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.51%

138I

Massagetal138
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
137,922726392 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,26 ± 0,03 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5.33%

139I

Massagetal139
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
138,9264934 ± 0,0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,28 ± 0,011 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)9.74%

140I

Massagetal140
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
139,931715914 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
588 ± 10 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)

141I

Massagetal141
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
140,935666081 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
420 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21.2%

142I

Massagetal142
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
141,941166595 ± 0,0000053 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
235 ± 11 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

143I

Massagetal143
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
142,945475 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
182 ± 8 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

144I

Massagetal144
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
143,951336 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
94 ± 8 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

145I

Massagetal145
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
144,955845 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
89,7 ± 9,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

146I

Massagetal146
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
145,961846 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
94 ± 26 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

147I

Massagetal147
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
146,966505 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sample of iodine
Iodine-sample
Iodine powder.JPG
Iodine microcrystals.JPG
Iodine'.JPG

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurBernard Courtois
ligging van ontdekkingFrance
ontdekkingsdatum1811
etimologieGreek: iôeides (violet colored).
uitspraakEYE-eh-dine (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,45 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,000025 %
natural abundance (Son)
Abundance in Universe
0,0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0609
2p4.1526
2s13.933
3d14.0993
3p18.1586
3s18.2126
4d32.066
4p28.9704
4s27.7028
5p41.3885
5s39.5965