Iodoa

Iodoa (I)

53 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number53
Atomic Weight126.90447
masa-zenbaki127
Group17
Period5
Blockp
protoi53 p+
neutroi74 n0
elektroi53 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of I (Iodoa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
140 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
133 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
220 pm
Crystal Radius
206 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
198 pm
dentsitatea
4,933 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Iodoa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
608,2 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
3,0590368 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
10,45126 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of I (Iodoa)
Irakite-entalpia
41,95 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
15,52 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
106,757 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 18, 7
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: I (Iodoa)
balentzia-elektroi7
Lewis egitura: I (Iodoa)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of I (Iodoa)
Orbital Diagram of I (Iodoa)
Oxidazio-egoera-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Elektronegatibotasun
2.66
Electrophilicity Index
3,0864889135126865 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
457,55 K
Melting Point
386,85 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
819,15 K
Puntu hirukoitz
386,75 K
12,11 kPa
appearance
kolore
Slate Gray
appearancelustrous metallic gray, violet as a gas
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
54,43 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,214 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Eroankortasun elektriko
0,0000000000001 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
10.000.000 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000045 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,00000000114 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000222
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
7,72 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
7,7 GPa
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number99
Mendeleev Number109
Pettifor Number97
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
583,5 kJ/mol
polarizability
32,9 ± 1,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
385 a₀
allotropeDiiodine
Neutron cross section
6,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0018
zenbaki kuantiko2P3/2
talde espazial64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Iodine

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

106I

masa-zenbaki106
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
105,953516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

107I

masa-zenbaki107
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
106,946935 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

108I

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,943348 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
26,4 ± 0,8 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.5%
p (proton emission)0.5%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

109I

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,938086022 ± 0,000007223 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
92,8 ± 0,8 us
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)99.986%
α (α emission)0.014%

110I

masa-zenbaki110
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
109,935085102 ± 0,000066494 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
664 ± 24 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83%
α (α emission)17%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)1.1%

111I

masa-zenbaki111
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
110,930269236 ± 0,000005103 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,5 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.088%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112I

masa-zenbaki112
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
111,928004548 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,34 ± 0,08 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0012%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.88%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.104%

113I

masa-zenbaki113
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
112,923650062 ± 0,0000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,6 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.31%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

114I

masa-zenbaki114
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
113,9220189 ± 0,0000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,01 ± 0,15 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
α (α emission)7.7%

115I

masa-zenbaki115
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
114,918048 ± 0,000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,3 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116I

masa-zenbaki116
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
115,916885513 ± 0,000080555 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,91 ± 0,15 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117I

masa-zenbaki117
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
116,913645649 ± 0,000027437 Da
g-factor
1,24 ± 0,08
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,22 ± 0,04 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)77%

118I

masa-zenbaki118
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
117,913074 ± 0,000021213 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,1
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,7 ± 0,5 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119I

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,91006091 ± 0,000023302 Da
g-factor
1,16 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,1 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)51%
ϵ (electron capture)49%

120I

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,910093729 ± 0,000016212 Da
g-factor
0,615 ± 0,015
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
81,67 ± 0,18 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121I

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,907411492 ± 0,00000507 Da
g-factor
0,92 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,12 ± 0,01 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122I

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,907590094 ± 0,000005561 Da
g-factor
0,94 ± 0,03
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,63 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)78%
ϵ (electron capture)22%

123I

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,905589753 ± 0,000003956 Da
g-factor
1,1272 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,2232 ± 0,0015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124I

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,906210297 ± 0,000002467 Da
g-factor
0,723 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,176 ± 0,0003 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

125I

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,90463061 ± 0,000001452 Da
g-factor
1,1284 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
59,392 ± 0,008 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,752 ± 0,017
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

126I

masa-zenbaki126
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
125,905624205 ± 0,000004055 Da
g-factor
0,719 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,93 ± 0,05 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52.7%
β (β decay)47.3%

127I

masa-zenbaki127
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
126,904472592 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,688 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

128I

masa-zenbaki128
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
127,905809355 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
24,99 ± 0,02 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)93.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)6.9%

129I

masa-zenbaki129
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
128,904983643 ± 0,000003385 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,14 ± 0,12 My
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130I

masa-zenbaki130
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
129,906670168 ± 0,000003385 Da
g-factor
0,6698 ± 0,0014
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,36 ± 0,01 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131I

masa-zenbaki131
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
130,906126375 ± 0,000000649 Da
g-factor
0,78228571428571 ± 0,00028571428571429
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,0249 ± 0,0006 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,34 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132I

masa-zenbaki132
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
131,907993511 ± 0,000004364 Da
g-factor
0,772 ± 0,00175
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,295 ± 0,013 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133I

masa-zenbaki133
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
132,9078284 ± 0,000006335 Da
g-factor
0,816 ± 0,0014285714285714
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
20,83 ± 0,08 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,23 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134I

masa-zenbaki134
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
133,90977566 ± 0,000005213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
52,5 ± 0,2 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

135I

masa-zenbaki135
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
134,910059355 ± 0,000002211 Da
g-factor
0,84 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,58 ± 0,03 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

136I

masa-zenbaki136
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
135,914604693 ± 0,000015231 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
83,4 ± 0,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

137I

masa-zenbaki137
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
136,918028178 ± 0,000009 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
24,13 ± 0,12 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.51%

138I

masa-zenbaki138
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
137,922726392 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,26 ± 0,03 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5.33%

139I

masa-zenbaki139
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
138,9264934 ± 0,0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,28 ± 0,011 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)9.74%

140I

masa-zenbaki140
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
139,931715914 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
588 ± 10 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)

141I

masa-zenbaki141
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
140,935666081 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
420 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21.2%

142I

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,941166595 ± 0,0000053 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
235 ± 11 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

143I

masa-zenbaki143
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
142,945475 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
182 ± 8 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

144I

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,951336 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
94 ± 8 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

145I

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,955845 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
89,7 ± 9,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

146I

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,961846 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
94 ± 26 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

147I

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,966505 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sample of iodine
Iodine-sample
Iodine powder.JPG
Iodine microcrystals.JPG
Iodine'.JPG

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaBernard Courtois
aurkikuntzaren lekuaFrance
aurkikuntza-data1811
etimologiaGreek: iôeides (violet colored).
pronunciationEYE-eh-dine (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,45 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000025 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
Abundance in Universe
0,0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0609
2p4.1526
2s13.933
3d14.0993
3p18.1586
3s18.2126
4d32.066
4p28.9704
4s27.7028
5p41.3885
5s39.5965