Iodin, ²Yodium

Iodin, ²Yodium (I)

chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53
Atomic Number53
Atomic Weight126.90447
Nombor jisim127
Group17
Period5
Blockp
proton53 p+
neutron74 n0
Elektron53 e-
Animated Model Bohr of I (Iodin, ²Yodium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
140 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
133 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
220 pm
Crystal Radius
206 pm
Jejari van der Waals
198 pm
ketumpatan
4.933 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Iodin, ²Yodium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
608.2 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
3.0590368 eV/particle
ionization energy
10.45126 eV/particle
ionization energy of I (Iodin, ²Yodium)
Entalpi pengewapan
41.95 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
15.52 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
106.757 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 18, 7
Model Bohr: I (Iodin, ²Yodium)
Elektron valens7
Teori ion Lewis: I (Iodin, ²Yodium)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5
Enhanced Model Bohr of I (Iodin, ²Yodium)
Orbital Diagram of I (Iodin, ²Yodium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Keelektronegatifan
2.66
Electrophilicity Index
3.0864889135126865 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
457.55 K
Melting Point
386.85 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
819.15 K
triple point
386.75 K
12.11 kPa
rupa
warna
Slate Gray
rupalustrous metallic gray, violet as a gas
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
molar heat capacity
54.43 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.214 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Kekonduksian elektrik
0.0000000000001 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
10,000,000 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000045 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.00000000114 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000222
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
7.72 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
7.7 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Nisbah Poisson
Kelajuan bunyi
pengelasan
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number99
Mendeleev Number109
Pettifor Number97
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
583.5 kJ/mol
polarizability
32.9 ± 1.3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
385 a₀
allotropeDiiodine
Neutron cross section
6.3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0018
Nombor kuantum2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Iodine

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

106I

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
105.953516 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)

107I

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
106.946935 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)

108I

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
107.943348 ± 0.000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
26.4 ± 0.8 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1991
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)99.5%
p (proton emission)0.5%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

109I

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
108.938086022 ± 0.000007223 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
92.8 ± 0.8 us
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1984
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)99.986%
α (α emission)0.014%

110I

Nombor jisim110
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
109.935085102 ± 0.000066494 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
664 ± 24 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83%
α (α emission)17%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)1.1%

111I

Nombor jisim111
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
110.930269236 ± 0.000005103 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.5 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.088%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112I

Nombor jisim112
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
111.928004548 ± 0.000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.34 ± 0.08 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0012%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.88%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.104%

113I

Nombor jisim113
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
112.923650062 ± 0.0000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.6 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.31%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

114I

Nombor jisim114
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
113.9220189 ± 0.0000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.01 ± 0.15 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
α (α emission)7.7%

115I

Nombor jisim115
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
114.918048 ± 0.000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.3 ± 0.2 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1969
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116I

Nombor jisim116
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
115.916885513 ± 0.000080555 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.91 ± 0.15 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1976
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117I

Nombor jisim117
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
116.913645649 ± 0.000027437 Da
g-factor
1.24 ± 0.08
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.22 ± 0.04 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1969
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)77%

118I

Nombor jisim118
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
117.913074 ± 0.000021213 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0.1
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
13.7 ± 0.5 m
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119I

Nombor jisim119
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
118.91006091 ± 0.000023302 Da
g-factor
1.16 ± 0.04
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19.1 ± 0.4 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1954
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)51%
ϵ (electron capture)49%

120I

Nombor jisim120
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
119.910093729 ± 0.000016212 Da
g-factor
0.615 ± 0.015
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
81.67 ± 0.18 m
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121I

Nombor jisim121
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
120.907411492 ± 0.00000507 Da
g-factor
0.92 ± 0.04
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.12 ± 0.01 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1950
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122I

Nombor jisim122
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
121.907590094 ± 0.000005561 Da
g-factor
0.94 ± 0.03
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.63 ± 0.06 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1950
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)78%
ϵ (electron capture)22%

123I

Nombor jisim123
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
122.905589753 ± 0.000003956 Da
g-factor
1.1272 ± 0.0028
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
13.2232 ± 0.0015 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124I

Nombor jisim124
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
123.906210297 ± 0.000002467 Da
g-factor
0.723 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.176 ± 0.0003 d
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1938
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

125I

Nombor jisim125
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
124.90463061 ± 0.000001452 Da
g-factor
1.1284 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
59.392 ± 0.008 d
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.752 ± 0.017
tarikh penemuan1947
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

126I

Nombor jisim126
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
125.905624205 ± 0.000004055 Da
g-factor
0.719 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
12.93 ± 0.05 d
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1938
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52.7%
β (β decay)47.3%

127I

Nombor jisim127
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
126.904472592 ± 0.000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.688 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1920
parity+

128I

Nombor jisim128
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
127.905809355 ± 0.000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
24.99 ± 0.02 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)93.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)6.9%

129I

Nombor jisim129
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
128.904983643 ± 0.000003385 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
16.14 ± 0.12 My
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

130I

Nombor jisim130
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
129.906670168 ± 0.000003385 Da
g-factor
0.6698 ± 0.0014
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
12.36 ± 0.01 h
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

131I

Nombor jisim131
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
130.906126375 ± 0.000000649 Da
g-factor
0.78228571428571 ± 0.00028571428571429
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.0249 ± 0.0006 d
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.34 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1939
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

132I

Nombor jisim132
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
131.907993511 ± 0.000004364 Da
g-factor
0.772 ± 0.00175
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.295 ± 0.013 h
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.08 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

133I

Nombor jisim133
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
132.9078284 ± 0.000006335 Da
g-factor
0.816 ± 0.0014285714285714
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
20.83 ± 0.08 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.23 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1940
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

134I

Nombor jisim134
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
133.90977566 ± 0.000005213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
52.5 ± 0.2 m
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1948
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

135I

Nombor jisim135
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
134.910059355 ± 0.000002211 Da
g-factor
0.84 ± 0.00057142857142857
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.58 ± 0.03 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1940
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

136I

Nombor jisim136
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
135.914604693 ± 0.000015231 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
83.4 ± 0.4 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1949
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

137I

Nombor jisim137
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
136.918028178 ± 0.000009 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
24.13 ± 0.12 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1943
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.51%

138I

Nombor jisim138
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
137.922726392 ± 0.0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.26 ± 0.03 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1949
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5.33%

139I

Nombor jisim139
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
138.9264934 ± 0.0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.28 ± 0.011 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)9.74%

140I

Nombor jisim140
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
139.931715914 ± 0.000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
588 ± 10 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1972
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)

141I

Nombor jisim141
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
140.935666081 ± 0.000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
420 ± 7 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21.2%

142I

Nombor jisim142
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
141.941166595 ± 0.0000053 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
235 ± 11 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1975
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

143I

Nombor jisim143
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
142.945475 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
182 ± 8 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

144I

Nombor jisim144
nombor neutron91
jisim atom relatif
143.951336 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
94 ± 8 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

145I

Nombor jisim145
nombor neutron92
jisim atom relatif
144.955845 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
89.7 ± 9.3 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

146I

Nombor jisim146
nombor neutron93
jisim atom relatif
145.961846 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
94 ± 26 ms
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2018
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

147I

Nombor jisim147
nombor neutron94
jisim atom relatif
146.966505 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2018
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sample of iodine
Iodine-sample
Iodine powder.JPG
Iodine microcrystals.JPG
Iodine'.JPG

sejarah

penemu atau perekaBernard Courtois
tempat penemuanFrance
tarikh penemuan1811
EtimologiGreek: iôeides (violet colored).
sebutanEYE-eh-dine (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.45 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.06 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
0.00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.000025 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
Abundance in Universe
0.0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0609
2p4.1526
2s13.933
3d14.0993
3p18.1586
3s18.2126
4d32.066
4p28.9704
4s27.7028
5p41.3885
5s39.5965