Йод

Йод (I)

chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53
Atomic Number53
Atomic Weight126.90447
Адади массавӣ127
Group17
Period5
Blockp
proton53 p+
neutron74 n0
electron53 e-
Animated Bohr model of I (Йод)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
140 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
133 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
220 pm
Crystal Radius
206 pm
Van der Waals radius
198 pm
зичӣ
4,933 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Йод0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
608,2 kJ/mol
electron affinity
3,0590368 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,45126 eV/particle
ionization energy of I (Йод)
enthalpy of vaporization
41,95 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
15,52 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
106,757 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 18, 7
Bohr model: I (Йод)
valence electron7
Lewis structure: I (Йод)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5
Enhanced Bohr model of I (Йод)
Orbital Diagram of I (Йод)
oxidation number-1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
electronegativity
2.66
Electrophilicity Index
3,0864889135126865 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
457,55 K
Melting Point
386,85 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
819,15 K
triple point
386,75 K
12,11 kPa
appearance
Ранг
Slate Gray
appearancelustrous metallic gray, violet as a gas
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
54,43 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъInsulator
electrical conductivity
0,0000000000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
10 000 000 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъdiamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000045 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000114 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000222
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureBase Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
7,72 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
7,7 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
classification
CategoryHalogens, Halogens
CAS GroupVIIB
IUPAC GroupVIIA
Glawe Number99
Mendeleev Number109
Pettifor Number97
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
583,5 kJ/mol
polarizability
32,9 ± 1,3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
385 a₀
allotropeDiiodine
Neutron cross section
6,3
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0018
ададҳои квантӣ2P3/2
space group64 (Cmca)

Isotopes of Iodine

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes1

106I

Адади массавӣ106
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
105,953516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

107I

Адади массавӣ107
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
106,946935 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

108I

Адади массавӣ108
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
107,943348 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,4 ± 0,8 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.5%
p (proton emission)0.5%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

109I

Адади массавӣ109
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
108,938086022 ± 0,000007223 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
92,8 ± 0,8 us
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1984
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)99.986%
α (α emission)0.014%

110I

Адади массавӣ110
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
109,935085102 ± 0,000066494 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
664 ± 24 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83%
α (α emission)17%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)11%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)1.1%

111I

Адади массавӣ111
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
110,930269236 ± 0,000005103 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.088%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112I

Адади массавӣ112
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
111,928004548 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,34 ± 0,08 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0012%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.88%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.104%

113I

Адади массавӣ113
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
112,923650062 ± 0,0000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,6 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3.31%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)

114I

Адади массавӣ114
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
113,9220189 ± 0,0000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,01 ± 0,15 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
α (α emission)7.7%

115I

Адади массавӣ115
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
114,918048 ± 0,000031 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,3 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116I

Адади массавӣ116
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
115,916885513 ± 0,000080555 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,91 ± 0,15 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117I

Адади массавӣ117
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
116,913645649 ± 0,000027437 Da
g-factor
1,24 ± 0,08
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,22 ± 0,04 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1969
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)77%

118I

Адади массавӣ118
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
117,913074 ± 0,000021213 Da
g-factor
1 ± 0,1
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,7 ± 0,5 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119I

Адади массавӣ119
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
118,91006091 ± 0,000023302 Da
g-factor
1,16 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,1 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)51%
ϵ (electron capture)49%

120I

Адади массавӣ120
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
119,910093729 ± 0,000016212 Da
g-factor
0,615 ± 0,015
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
81,67 ± 0,18 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121I

Адади массавӣ121
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
120,907411492 ± 0,00000507 Da
g-factor
0,92 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,12 ± 0,01 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122I

Адади массавӣ122
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
121,907590094 ± 0,000005561 Da
g-factor
0,94 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,63 ± 0,06 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)78%
ϵ (electron capture)22%

123I

Адади массавӣ123
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
122,905589753 ± 0,000003956 Da
g-factor
1,1272 ± 0,0028
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,2232 ± 0,0015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124I

Адади массавӣ124
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
123,906210297 ± 0,000002467 Da
g-factor
0,723 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,176 ± 0,0003 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

125I

Адади массавӣ125
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
124,90463061 ± 0,000001452 Da
g-factor
1,1284 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
59,392 ± 0,008 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,752 ± 0,017
таърихи кашф1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

126I

Адади массавӣ126
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
125,905624205 ± 0,000004055 Da
g-factor
0,719 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,93 ± 0,05 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)52.7%
β (β decay)47.3%

127I

Адади массавӣ127
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
126,904472592 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,688 ± 0,01
таърихи кашф1920
parity+

128I

Адади массавӣ128
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
127,905809355 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,99 ± 0,02 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)93.1%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)6.9%

129I

Адади массавӣ129
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
128,904983643 ± 0,000003385 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,14 ± 0,12 My
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130I

Адади массавӣ130
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
129,906670168 ± 0,000003385 Da
g-factor
0,6698 ± 0,0014
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,36 ± 0,01 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131I

Адади массавӣ131
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
130,906126375 ± 0,000000649 Da
g-factor
0,78228571428571 ± 0,00028571428571429
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,0249 ± 0,0006 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,34 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132I

Адади массавӣ132
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
131,907993511 ± 0,000004364 Da
g-factor
0,772 ± 0,00175
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,295 ± 0,013 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,01
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133I

Адади массавӣ133
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
132,9078284 ± 0,000006335 Da
g-factor
0,816 ± 0,0014285714285714
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,83 ± 0,08 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,23 ± 0,01
таърихи кашф1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134I

Адади массавӣ134
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
133,90977566 ± 0,000005213 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
52,5 ± 0,2 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1948
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

135I

Адади массавӣ135
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
134,910059355 ± 0,000002211 Da
g-factor
0,84 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,58 ± 0,03 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

136I

Адади массавӣ136
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
135,914604693 ± 0,000015231 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
83,4 ± 0,4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

137I

Адади массавӣ137
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
136,918028178 ± 0,000009 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24,13 ± 0,12 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.51%

138I

Адади массавӣ138
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
137,922726392 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,26 ± 0,03 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5.33%

139I

Адади массавӣ139
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
138,9264934 ± 0,0000043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,28 ± 0,011 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)9.74%

140I

Адади массавӣ140
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
139,931715914 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
588 ± 10 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.6%
2n (2-neutron emission)

141I

Адади массавӣ141
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
140,935666081 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
420 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21.2%

142I

Адади массавӣ142
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
141,941166595 ± 0,0000053 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
235 ± 11 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

143I

Адади массавӣ143
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
142,945475 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
182 ± 8 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

144I

Адади массавӣ144
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
143,951336 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
94 ± 8 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

145I

Адади массавӣ145
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
144,955845 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
89,7 ± 9,3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

146I

Адади массавӣ146
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
145,961846 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
94 ± 26 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

147I

Адади массавӣ147
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
146,966505 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sample of iodine
Iodine-sample
Iodine powder.JPG
Iodine microcrystals.JPG
Iodine'.JPG

таърих

кошифBernard Courtois
макони кашфFrance
таърихи кашф1811
РешашиносӣGreek: iôeides (violet colored).
pronunciationEYE-eh-dine (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,45 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000025 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
Abundance in Universe
0,0000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0609
2p4.1526
2s13.933
3d14.0993
3p18.1586
3s18.2126
4d32.066
4p28.9704
4s27.7028
5p41.3885
5s39.5965