Indium

Indium (In)

chemical element with symbol In and atomic number 49
Atomic Number49
Atomic Weight114.818
Massagetal115
Group13
Period5
Blockp
proton49 p+
neutron66 n0
elektron49 e-
Animated Bohr model of In (Indium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
155 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
142 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
Ioonradius
62 pm
Crystal Radius
76 pm
Van der Waals radius
193 pm
density
7,31 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Indium020406080100120140160180200pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
5,7863552 eV/particle
ionization energy of In (Indium)
Verdampingswarmte
225,1 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
3,24 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
243 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 18, 3
Bohr model: In (Indium)
Valenselektrone3
Lewisteorie: In (Indium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p1
Enhanced Bohr model of In (Indium)
Orbital Diagram of In (Indium)
Oksidasietoestand-5, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.78
Electrophilicity Index
0,8439965667135223 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 300,15 K
Melting Point
429,7485 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
429,7436 K
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
81,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000321 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,233 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
12 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000008000000000001 m Ω
superconductivity
3,41 K
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000014 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000161 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000102
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
4,59 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,2 MPa
Massamodulus
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
11 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
1 215 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number80
Mendeleev Number84
Pettifor Number79
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
65 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
779 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
194
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,06
quantum number2P1/2
Ruimtegroep139 (I4/mmm)

Isotopes of Indium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition11595.72%11595.72%1134.28%1134.28%

96In

Massagetal96
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
95,959109 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2016
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)

97In

Massagetal97
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
96,949125 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
36 ± 6 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.3%
p (proton emission)

98In

Massagetal98
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
97,942129 ± 0,000327 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
30 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

99In

Massagetal99
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
98,93411 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,11 ± 0,06 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.29%

100In

Massagetal100
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
99,931101929 ± 0,0000024 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,62 ± 0,06 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.66%

101In

Massagetal101
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
100,926414025 ± 0,000012519 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15,1 ± 1,1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1988
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.7%

102In

Massagetal102
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
101,924105911 ± 0,000004909 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
23,3 ± 0,1 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0093%

103In

Massagetal103
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
102,91987883 ± 0,00000964 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
60 ± 1 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

104In

Massagetal104
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
103,918214538 ± 0,0000062 Da
g-factor
0,886 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,8 ± 0,03 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,63 ± 0,1
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105In

Massagetal105
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
104,914502322 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
1,2593333333333 ± 0,0011111111111111
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,07 ± 0,07 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,79 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

106In

Massagetal106
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
105,913463596 ± 0,000013125 Da
g-factor
0,70114285714286 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,2 ± 0,1 m
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,92 ± 0,06
ontdekkingsdatum1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107In

Massagetal107
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
106,910287497 ± 0,000010363 Da
g-factor
1,2393333333333 ± 0,0017777777777778
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32,4 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,77 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108In

Massagetal108
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
107,909693654 ± 0,000009276 Da
g-factor
0,65057142857143 ± 0,00042857142857143
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
58 ± 1,2 m
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,957 ± 0,007
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109In

Massagetal109
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
108,907149679 ± 0,000004261 Da
g-factor
1,2288888888889 ± 0,00088888888888889
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,159 ± 0,01 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,8 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110In

Massagetal110
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
109,907170674 ± 0,000012402 Da
g-factor
0,67228571428571 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,92 ± 0,08 h
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111In

Massagetal111
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
110,905107236 ± 0,000003675 Da
g-factor
1,2211111111111 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,8048 ± 0,0001 d
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,76 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

112In

Massagetal112
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
111,905538718 ± 0,000004563 Da
g-factor
2,82 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14,88 ± 0,15 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,082 ± 0,005
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)62%
β (β decay)38%

113In

Massagetal113
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
112,904060451 ± 0,000000202 Da
g-factor
1,2268444444444 ± 0,000088888888888889
natural abundance
4,281 ± 0,052
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

114In

Massagetal114
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
113,904916405 ± 0,000000323 Da
g-factor
2,813 ± 0,014
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
71,9 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.5%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.5%

115In

Massagetal115
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
114,903878772 ± 0,000000012 Da
g-factor
1,2294666666667 ± 0,000088888888888889
natural abundance
95,719 ± 0,052
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
441 ± 25 Ty
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

116In

Massagetal116
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
115,905259992 ± 0,000000236 Da
g-factor
2,7826 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14,1 ± 0,03 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
ϵ (electron capture)0.0237%

117In

Massagetal117
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
116,904515729 ± 0,000005239 Da
g-factor
1,2246666666667 ± 0,00088888888888889
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
43,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,79 ± 0,01
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

118In

Massagetal118
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
117,906356705 ± 0,000008322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5 ± 0,5 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

119In

Massagetal119
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
118,905851622 ± 0,000007847 Da
g-factor
1,2237777777778 ± 0,0022222222222222
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,4 ± 0,1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,814 ± 0,007
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

120In

Massagetal120
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
119,907967489 ± 0,000042953 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,08 ± 0,08 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

121In

Massagetal121
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
120,907852778 ± 0,000029435 Da
g-factor
1,2208888888889 ± 0,0011111111111111
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
23,1 ± 0,6 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,776 ± 0,01
ontdekkingsdatum1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122In

Massagetal122
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
121,910282458 ± 0,000053741 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,5 ± 0,3 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

123In

Massagetal123
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
122,910435252 ± 0,00002129 Da
g-factor
1,2184444444444 ± 0,0015555555555556
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,17 ± 0,05 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,722 ± 0,009
ontdekkingsdatum1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124In

Massagetal124
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
123,913184873 ± 0,000032808 Da
g-factor
1,3456666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,12 ± 0,09 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,58 ± 0,07
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125In

Massagetal125
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
124,913673841 ± 0,0000019 Da
g-factor
1,2208888888889 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,36 ± 0,04 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,68 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126In

Massagetal126
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
125,916468202 ± 0,0000045 Da
g-factor
1,3426666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,53 ± 0,01 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,47 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127In

Massagetal127
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
126,91746604 ± 0,000010736 Da
g-factor
1,2253333333333 ± 0,0017777777777778
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,086 ± 0,007 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,56 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.03%

128In

Massagetal128
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
127,920353637 ± 0,000001419 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
816 ± 27 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.038%

129In

Massagetal129
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
128,921808534 ± 0,000002116 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
570 ± 10 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.23%

130In

Massagetal130
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
129,924952257 ± 0,000001921 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
273 ± 5 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1973
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.93%

131In

Massagetal131
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
130,926972839 ± 0,000002367 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
261,5 ± 2,8 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.25%

132In

Massagetal132
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
131,932998444 ± 0,000064447 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
202,2 ± 0,2 ms
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

133In

Massagetal133
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
132,938067 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
163 ± 1,6 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

134In

Massagetal134
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
133,944208 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
136 ± 4 ms
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)65%
2n (2-neutron emission)4%

135In

Massagetal135
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
134,949425 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
103 ± 3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2002
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

136In

Massagetal136
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
135,956017 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
86 ± 9 ms
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

137In

Massagetal137
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
136,961535 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
70 ± 40 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2015
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Indium wetting glass

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurFerdinand Reich, T. Richter
ligging van ontdekkingGermany
ontdekkingsdatum1863
etimologieLatin: indicum (color indigo), the color it shows in a spectroscope.
uitspraakIN-di-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,25 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,02 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,0000044 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9903
2p4.102
2s12.8764
3d14.3218
3p17.4793
3s17.3692
4d32.0584
4p28.6312
4s27.2388
5p40.53
5s39.4885