Indium

Indium (In)

unsur kimia dengan nombor atom 49
Atomic Number49
Atomic Weight114.818
Nombor jisim115
Group13
Period5
Blockp
proton49 p+
neutron66 n0
Elektron49 e-
Animated Model Bohr of In (Indium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
155 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
142 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
ionic radius
62 pm
Crystal Radius
76 pm
Jejari van der Waals
193 pm
ketumpatan
7.31 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Indium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
5.7863552 eV/particle
ionization energy of In (Indium)
Entalpi pengewapan
225.1 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
3.24 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
243 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 18, 3
Model Bohr: In (Indium)
Elektron valens3
Teori ion Lewis: In (Indium)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p1
Enhanced Model Bohr of In (Indium)
Orbital Diagram of In (Indium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-5, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3
Keelektronegatifan
1.78
Electrophilicity Index
0.8439965667135223 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,300.15 K
Melting Point
429.7485 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
429.7436 K
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery lustrous gray
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
81.8 W/(m K)
Pengembangan terma
0.0000321 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.233 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
12 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000008000000000001 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
3.41 K
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000014 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000161 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000102
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
4.59 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1.2 MPa
Modulus pukal
shear modulus
Young's modulus
11 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
Kelajuan bunyi
1,215 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number80
Mendeleev Number84
Pettifor Number79
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
65 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
779 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
194
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.06
Nombor kuantum2P1/2
space group139 (I4/mmm)

Isotopes of Indium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition11595.72%11595.72%1134.28%1134.28%

96In

Nombor jisim96
nombor neutron47
jisim atom relatif
95.959109 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2016
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)

97In

Nombor jisim97
nombor neutron48
jisim atom relatif
96.949125 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
36 ± 6 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2011
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.3%
p (proton emission)

98In

Nombor jisim98
nombor neutron49
jisim atom relatif
97.942129 ± 0.000327 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30 ± 1 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

99In

Nombor jisim99
nombor neutron50
jisim atom relatif
98.93411 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.11 ± 0.06 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.29%

100In

Nombor jisim100
nombor neutron51
jisim atom relatif
99.931101929 ± 0.0000024 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.62 ± 0.06 s
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.66%

101In

Nombor jisim101
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
100.926414025 ± 0.000012519 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
15.1 ± 1.1 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1988
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.7%

102In

Nombor jisim102
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
101.924105911 ± 0.000004909 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
23.3 ± 0.1 s
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0093%

103In

Nombor jisim103
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
102.91987883 ± 0.00000964 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
60 ± 1 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1978
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

104In

Nombor jisim104
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
103.918214538 ± 0.0000062 Da
g-factor
0.886 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.8 ± 0.03 m
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.63 ± 0.1
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105In

Nombor jisim105
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
104.914502322 ± 0.000011 Da
g-factor
1.2593333333333 ± 0.0011111111111111
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.07 ± 0.07 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.79 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

106In

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
105.913463596 ± 0.000013125 Da
g-factor
0.70114285714286 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.2 ± 0.1 m
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.92 ± 0.06
tarikh penemuan1962
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107In

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
106.910287497 ± 0.000010363 Da
g-factor
1.2393333333333 ± 0.0017777777777778
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
32.4 ± 0.3 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.77 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108In

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
107.909693654 ± 0.000009276 Da
g-factor
0.65057142857143 ± 0.00042857142857143
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
58 ± 1.2 m
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.957 ± 0.007
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109In

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
108.907149679 ± 0.000004261 Da
g-factor
1.2288888888889 ± 0.00088888888888889
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.159 ± 0.01 h
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.8 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110In

Nombor jisim110
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
109.907170674 ± 0.000012402 Da
g-factor
0.67228571428571 ± 0.0011428571428571
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.92 ± 0.08 h
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.32 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1939
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111In

Nombor jisim111
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
110.905107236 ± 0.000003675 Da
g-factor
1.2211111111111 ± 0.0015555555555556
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.8048 ± 0.0001 d
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.76 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1947
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

112In

Nombor jisim112
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
111.905538718 ± 0.000004563 Da
g-factor
2.82 ± 0.03
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
14.88 ± 0.15 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.082 ± 0.005
tarikh penemuan1947
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)62%
β (β decay)38%

113In

Nombor jisim113
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
112.904060451 ± 0.000000202 Da
g-factor
1.2268444444444 ± 0.000088888888888889
natural abundance
4.281 ± 0.052
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

114In

Nombor jisim114
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
113.904916405 ± 0.000000323 Da
g-factor
2.813 ± 0.014
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
71.9 ± 0.1 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)99.5%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.5%

115In

Nombor jisim115
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
114.903878772 ± 0.000000012 Da
g-factor
1.2294666666667 ± 0.000088888888888889
natural abundance
95.719 ± 0.052
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
441 ± 25 Ty
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1924
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

116In

Nombor jisim116
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
115.905259992 ± 0.000000236 Da
g-factor
2.7826 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
14.1 ± 0.03 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
ϵ (electron capture)0.0237%

117In

Nombor jisim117
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
116.904515729 ± 0.000005239 Da
g-factor
1.2246666666667 ± 0.00088888888888889
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
43.2 ± 0.3 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.79 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

118In

Nombor jisim118
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
117.906356705 ± 0.000008322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5 ± 0.5 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

119In

Nombor jisim119
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
118.905851622 ± 0.000007847 Da
g-factor
1.2237777777778 ± 0.0022222222222222
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.4 ± 0.1 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.814 ± 0.007
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

120In

Nombor jisim120
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
119.907967489 ± 0.000042953 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.08 ± 0.08 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

121In

Nombor jisim121
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
120.907852778 ± 0.000029435 Da
g-factor
1.2208888888889 ± 0.0011111111111111
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
23.1 ± 0.6 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.776 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1960
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

122In

Nombor jisim122
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
121.910282458 ± 0.000053741 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.5 ± 0.3 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1963
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

123In

Nombor jisim123
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
122.910435252 ± 0.00002129 Da
g-factor
1.2184444444444 ± 0.0015555555555556
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.17 ± 0.05 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.722 ± 0.009
tarikh penemuan1960
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

124In

Nombor jisim124
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
123.913184873 ± 0.000032808 Da
g-factor
1.3456666666667 ± 0.0036666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.12 ± 0.09 s
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.58 ± 0.07
tarikh penemuan1964
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

125In

Nombor jisim125
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
124.913673841 ± 0.0000019 Da
g-factor
1.2208888888889 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.36 ± 0.04 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.68 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

126In

Nombor jisim126
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
125.916468202 ± 0.0000045 Da
g-factor
1.3426666666667 ± 0.0036666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.53 ± 0.01 s
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.47 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

127In

Nombor jisim127
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
126.91746604 ± 0.000010736 Da
g-factor
1.2253333333333 ± 0.0017777777777778
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.086 ± 0.007 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.56 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.03%

128In

Nombor jisim128
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
127.920353637 ± 0.000001419 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
816 ± 27 ms
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1975
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.038%

129In

Nombor jisim129
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
128.921808534 ± 0.000002116 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
570 ± 10 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.23%

130In

Nombor jisim130
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
129.924952257 ± 0.000001921 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
273 ± 5 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1973
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.93%

131In

Nombor jisim131
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
130.926972839 ± 0.000002367 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
261.5 ± 2.8 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1976
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.25%

132In

Nombor jisim132
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
131.932998444 ± 0.000064447 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
202.2 ± 0.2 ms
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1973
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12.3%
2n (2-neutron emission)

133In

Nombor jisim133
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
132.938067 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
163 ± 1.6 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1996
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

134In

Nombor jisim134
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
133.944208 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
136 ± 4 ms
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1996
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)65%
2n (2-neutron emission)4%

135In

Nombor jisim135
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
134.949425 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
103 ± 3 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2002
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

136In

Nombor jisim136
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
135.956017 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
86 ± 9 ms
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2015
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

137In

Nombor jisim137
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
136.961535 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
70 ± 40 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2015
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Indium wetting glass

sejarah

penemu atau perekaFerdinand Reich, T. Richter
tempat penemuanGermany
tarikh penemuan1863
EtimologiLatin: indicum (color indigo), the color it shows in a spectroscope.
sebutanIN-di-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.25 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.02 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.0000044 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000003 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9903
2p4.102
2s12.8764
3d14.3218
3p17.4793
3s17.3692
4d32.0584
4p28.6312
4s27.2388
5p40.53
5s39.4885