Lutetij[um]

Lutetij[um] (Lu)

hemijski element sa simbolom Lu i atomskim brojem 71
Atomic Number71
Atomic Weight174.9668
Maseni broj175
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton71 p+
Neutron104 n0
Elektron71 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Lu (Lutetij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
162 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
86,1 pm
Crystal Radius
100,1 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
224 pm
gustoća
9,84 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Lutetij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
992 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
5,425871 eV/particle
ionization energy of Lu (Lutetij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
414 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
427,6 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Lu (Lutetij[um])
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Lu (Lutetij[um])
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d1 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Lu (Lutetij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Lu (Lutetij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje0, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
1
Electrophilicity Index
0,817098693336918 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.675,15 K
Melting Point
1.936,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,00001 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,154 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
1,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000057 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
0,1 K
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000012 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000021 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000118
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
48 GPa
shear modulus
27 GPa
Young's modulus
69 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,26
Brzina zvuka
klasifikacija
CategoryLanthanides, Transition metals
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number19
Mendeleev Number41
Pettifor Number21
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
970,6 kJ/mol
polarizability
137 ± 7 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
85
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,022
Kvantni brojevi2D3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Lutetium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition17597.40%17597.40%1762.60%1762.60%

150Lu

Maseni broj150
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
149,973407 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
45 ± 3 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1993
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Lu

Maseni broj151
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
150,967471 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
78,4 ± 0,9 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

152Lu

Maseni broj152
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
151,96412 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
650 ± 70 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)15%

153Lu

Maseni broj153
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
152,958802248 ± 0,00016105 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
900 ± 200 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)0%

154Lu

Maseni broj154
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
153,957416 ± 0,000216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

155Lu

Maseni broj155
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
154,954326005 ± 0,00002066 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
68 ± 2 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)10%

156Lu

Maseni broj156
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
155,953086606 ± 0,000058102 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
494 ± 12 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1965
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

157Lu

Maseni broj157
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
156,950144807 ± 0,000012961 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,7 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

158Lu

Maseni broj158
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
157,94931562 ± 0,000016236 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,6 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.09%
α (α emission)0.91%

159Lu

Maseni broj159
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
158,946635615 ± 0,000040433 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,1 ± 1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

160Lu

Maseni broj160
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
159,946033 ± 0,000061 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
36,1 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

161Lu

Maseni broj161
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
160,943572 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,444 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
77 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Lu

Maseni broj162
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
161,943282776 ± 0,000080554 Da
g-factor
0,0551 ± 0,0011
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,37 ± 0,02 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,519 ± 0,008
datum otkrića1978
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Lu

Maseni broj163
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
162,941179 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,1534 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,97 ± 0,13 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Lu

Maseni broj164
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
163,941339 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,0589 ± 0,0011
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,14 ± 0,03 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,608 ± 0,007
datum otkrića1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

165Lu

Maseni broj165
broj neutrona94
relative atomic mass
164,939406758 ± 0,00002849 Da
g-factor
-0,0488 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,74 ± 0,1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Lu

Maseni broj166
broj neutrona95
relative atomic mass
165,939859 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
0,48383333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,65 ± 0,1 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,33 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Lu

Maseni broj167
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
166,938243 ± 0,00004 Da
g-factor
0,66228571428571 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
51,5 ± 1 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,28 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Lu

Maseni broj168
broj neutrona97
relative atomic mass
167,938729798 ± 0,000040766 Da
g-factor
0,50116666666667 ± 0,0041666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,5 ± 0,1 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,77 ± 0,06
datum otkrića1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

169Lu

Maseni broj169
broj neutrona98
relative atomic mass
168,937645845 ± 0,000003226 Da
g-factor
0,65371428571429 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
34,06 ± 0,05 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,48 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

170Lu

Maseni broj170
broj neutrona99
relative atomic mass
169,93847923 ± 0,000018081 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,012 ± 0,03 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171Lu

Maseni broj171
broj neutrona100
relative atomic mass
170,937918591 ± 0,000001999 Da
g-factor
0,65314285714286 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,247 ± 0,023 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,53 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172Lu

Maseni broj172
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
171,93909132 ± 0,000002507 Da
g-factor
0,72275 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,7 ± 0,03 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,8 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173Lu

Maseni broj173
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
172,938935722 ± 0,000001682 Da
g-factor
0,64942857142857 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,37 ± 0,01 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,53 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

174Lu

Maseni broj174
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
173,94034284 ± 0,000001682 Da
g-factor
1,982 ± 0,005
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,31 ± 0,05 y
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,773 ± 0,007
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175Lu

Maseni broj175
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
174,940777211 ± 0,000001295 Da
g-factor
0,63591428571429 ± 0,00054285714285714
natural abundance
97,401 ± 0,013
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,49 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1934
parity+

176Lu

Maseni broj176
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
175,942691711 ± 0,000001301 Da
g-factor
0,45142857142857 ± 0,00071428571428571
natural abundance
2,599 ± 0,013
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
37,01 ± 0,17 Gy
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1935
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.45%

177Lu

Maseni broj177
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
176,94376357 ± 0,00000131 Da
g-factor
0,63757142857143 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,6443 ± 0,0009 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,39 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Lu

Maseni broj178
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
177,945960065 ± 0,000002416 Da
g-factor
-1,373 ± 0,009
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
28,4 ± 0,2 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,708 ± 0,01
datum otkrića1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Lu

Maseni broj179
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
178,947332985 ± 0,000005528 Da
g-factor
0,67657142857143 ± 0,0034285714285714
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,59 ± 0,06 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,32 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Lu

Maseni broj180
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
179,949890744 ± 0,000075926 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,7 ± 0,1 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Lu

Maseni broj181
broj neutrona110
relative atomic mass
180,951908 ± 0,000135 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,5 ± 0,3 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

182Lu

Maseni broj182
broj neutrona111
relative atomic mass
181,955158 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,2 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

183Lu

Maseni broj183
broj neutrona112
relative atomic mass
182,957363 ± 0,000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
58 ± 4 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

184Lu

Maseni broj184
broj neutrona113
relative atomic mass
183,96103 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20 ± 3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

185Lu

Maseni broj185
broj neutrona114
relative atomic mass
184,963542 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

186Lu

Maseni broj186
broj neutrona115
relative atomic mass
185,96745 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

187Lu

Maseni broj187
broj neutrona116
relative atomic mass
186,970188 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

188Lu

Maseni broj188
broj neutrona117
relative atomic mass
187,974428 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Lutetium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljGeorges Urbain
mjesto otkrićaFrance
datum otkrića1907
EtimologijaNamed for the ancient name of Paris, Lutecia.
pronunciationloo-TEE-shi-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,8 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00000015 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3805
2p4.389
2s18.5502
3d13.5812
3p20.8337
3s21.4655
4d35.7108
4f40.0688
4p33.8096
4s32.7308
5d50.887
5p52.32
5s50.045
6s62.1956