Lutetium

Lutetium (Lu)

element with the atomic number of 71
Atomic Number71
Atomic Weight174.9668
Nombor jisim175
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton71 p+
neutron104 n0
Elektron71 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Lu (Lutetium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
175 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
162 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
86.1 pm
Crystal Radius
100.1 pm
Jejari van der Waals
224 pm
ketumpatan
9.84 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Lutetium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
992 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
5.425871 eV/particle
ionization energy of Lu (Lutetium)
Entalpi pengewapan
414 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
standard enthalpy of formation
427.6 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
Model Bohr: Lu (Lutetium)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Lu (Lutetium)
tatarajah elektron[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d1 6s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Lu (Lutetium)
Orbital Diagram of Lu (Lutetium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan0, 2, 3
Keelektronegatifan
1
Electrophilicity Index
0.817098693336918 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,675.15 K
Melting Point
1,936.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery white
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.00001 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.154 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
1.8 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000057 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
0.1 K
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000012 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.00000000021 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0000118
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3.51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
48 GPa
shear modulus
27 GPa
Young's modulus
69 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.26
Kelajuan bunyi
pengelasan
CategoryLanthanides, Transition metals
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number19
Mendeleev Number41
Pettifor Number21
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
970.6 kJ/mol
polarizability
137 ± 7 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
85
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.022
Nombor kuantum2D3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Lutetium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition17597.40%17597.40%1762.60%1762.60%

150Lu

Nombor jisim150
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
149.973407 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
45 ± 3 ms
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1993
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Lu

Nombor jisim151
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
150.967471 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
78.4 ± 0.9 ms
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1982
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

152Lu

Nombor jisim152
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
151.96412 ± 0.00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
650 ± 70 ms
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1987
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)15%

153Lu

Nombor jisim153
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
152.958802248 ± 0.00016105 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
900 ± 200 ms
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1989
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)0%

154Lu

Nombor jisim154
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
153.957416 ± 0.000216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

155Lu

Nombor jisim155
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
154.954326005 ± 0.00002066 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
68 ± 2 ms
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1965
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)10%

156Lu

Nombor jisim156
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
155.953086606 ± 0.000058102 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
494 ± 12 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1965
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

157Lu

Nombor jisim157
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
156.950144807 ± 0.000012961 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
7.7 ± 2 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

158Lu

Nombor jisim158
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
157.94931562 ± 0.000016236 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.6 ± 0.3 s
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.09%
α (α emission)0.91%

159Lu

Nombor jisim159
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
158.946635615 ± 0.000040433 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
12.1 ± 1 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1980
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

160Lu

Nombor jisim160
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
159.946033 ± 0.000061 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
36.1 ± 0.3 s
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

161Lu

Nombor jisim161
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
160.943572 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
0.444 ± 0.006
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
77 ± 2 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1973
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Lu

Nombor jisim162
nombor neutron91
jisim atom relatif
161.943282776 ± 0.000080554 Da
g-factor
0.0551 ± 0.0011
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.37 ± 0.02 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.519 ± 0.008
tarikh penemuan1978
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Lu

Nombor jisim163
nombor neutron92
jisim atom relatif
162.941179 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
0.1534 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.97 ± 0.13 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Lu

Nombor jisim164
nombor neutron93
jisim atom relatif
163.941339 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
0.0589 ± 0.0011
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.14 ± 0.03 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.608 ± 0.007
tarikh penemuan1977
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

165Lu

Nombor jisim165
nombor neutron94
jisim atom relatif
164.939406758 ± 0.00002849 Da
g-factor
-0.0488 ± 0.0006
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.74 ± 0.1 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1973
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Lu

Nombor jisim166
nombor neutron95
jisim atom relatif
165.939859 ± 0.000032 Da
g-factor
0.48383333333333 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.65 ± 0.1 m
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
4.33 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1969
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Lu

Nombor jisim167
nombor neutron96
jisim atom relatif
166.938243 ± 0.00004 Da
g-factor
0.66228571428571 ± 0.0011428571428571
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
51.5 ± 1 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.28 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Lu

Nombor jisim168
nombor neutron97
jisim atom relatif
167.938729798 ± 0.000040766 Da
g-factor
0.50116666666667 ± 0.0041666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.5 ± 0.1 m
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
4.77 ± 0.06
tarikh penemuan1960
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

169Lu

Nombor jisim169
nombor neutron98
jisim atom relatif
168.937645845 ± 0.000003226 Da
g-factor
0.65371428571429 ± 0.0011428571428571
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
34.06 ± 0.05 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.48 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1955
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

170Lu

Nombor jisim170
nombor neutron99
jisim atom relatif
169.93847923 ± 0.000018081 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.012 ± 0.03 d
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171Lu

Nombor jisim171
nombor neutron100
jisim atom relatif
170.937918591 ± 0.000001999 Da
g-factor
0.65314285714286 ± 0.0011428571428571
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.247 ± 0.023 d
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.53 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172Lu

Nombor jisim172
nombor neutron101
jisim atom relatif
171.93909132 ± 0.000002507 Da
g-factor
0.72275 ± 0.0025
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.7 ± 0.03 d
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.8 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173Lu

Nombor jisim173
nombor neutron102
jisim atom relatif
172.938935722 ± 0.000001682 Da
g-factor
0.64942857142857 ± 0.00057142857142857
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.37 ± 0.01 y
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.53 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

174Lu

Nombor jisim174
nombor neutron103
jisim atom relatif
173.94034284 ± 0.000001682 Da
g-factor
1.982 ± 0.005
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.31 ± 0.05 y
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.773 ± 0.007
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175Lu

Nombor jisim175
nombor neutron104
jisim atom relatif
174.940777211 ± 0.000001295 Da
g-factor
0.63591428571429 ± 0.00054285714285714
natural abundance
97.401 ± 0.013
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.49 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

176Lu

Nombor jisim176
nombor neutron105
jisim atom relatif
175.942691711 ± 0.000001301 Da
g-factor
0.45142857142857 ± 0.00071428571428571
natural abundance
2.599 ± 0.013
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
37.01 ± 0.17 Gy
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1935
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.45%

177Lu

Nombor jisim177
nombor neutron106
jisim atom relatif
176.94376357 ± 0.00000131 Da
g-factor
0.63757142857143 ± 0.0004
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.6443 ± 0.0009 d
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.39 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1945
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

178Lu

Nombor jisim178
nombor neutron107
jisim atom relatif
177.945960065 ± 0.000002416 Da
g-factor
-1.373 ± 0.009
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
28.4 ± 0.2 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.708 ± 0.01
tarikh penemuan1957
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

179Lu

Nombor jisim179
nombor neutron108
jisim atom relatif
178.947332985 ± 0.000005528 Da
g-factor
0.67657142857143 ± 0.0034285714285714
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.59 ± 0.06 h
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.32 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1961
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

180Lu

Nombor jisim180
nombor neutron109
jisim atom relatif
179.949890744 ± 0.000075926 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.7 ± 0.1 m
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1971
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

181Lu

Nombor jisim181
nombor neutron110
jisim atom relatif
180.951908 ± 0.000135 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.5 ± 0.3 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

182Lu

Nombor jisim182
nombor neutron111
jisim atom relatif
181.955158 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2 ± 0.2 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1982
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

183Lu

Nombor jisim183
nombor neutron112
jisim atom relatif
182.957363 ± 0.000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
58 ± 4 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1983
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

184Lu

Nombor jisim184
nombor neutron113
jisim atom relatif
183.96103 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
20 ± 3 s
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1989
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

185Lu

Nombor jisim185
nombor neutron114
jisim atom relatif
184.963542 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2009
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

186Lu

Nombor jisim186
nombor neutron115
jisim atom relatif
185.96745 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

187Lu

Nombor jisim187
nombor neutron116
jisim atom relatif
186.970188 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

188Lu

Nombor jisim188
nombor neutron117
jisim atom relatif
187.974428 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Lutetium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

sejarah

penemu atau perekaGeorges Urbain
tempat penemuanFrance
tarikh penemuan1907
EtimologiNamed for the ancient name of Paris, Lutecia.
sebutanloo-TEE-shi-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.8 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.00000015 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.0000029 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3805
2p4.389
2s18.5502
3d13.5812
3p20.8337
3s21.4655
4d35.7108
4f40.0688
4p33.8096
4s32.7308
5d50.887
5p52.32
5s50.045
6s62.1956