Lutec, ²Lutetiumi

Lutec, ²Lutetiumi (Lu)

element with the atomic number of 71
Atomic Number71
Atomic Weight174.9668
Numri i masës175
Group
Period6
Blockf
protoni71 p+
neutroni104 n0
elektroni71 e-
Animated Bohr model of Lu (Lutec, ²Lutetiumi)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
162 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
86,1 pm
Crystal Radius
100,1 pm
Van der Waals radius
224 pm
density
9,84 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Lutec, ²Lutetiumi0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
992 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
5,425871 eV/particle
ionization energy of Lu (Lutec, ²Lutetiumi)
enthalpy of vaporization
414 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
427,6 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
Bohr model: Lu (Lutec, ²Lutetiumi)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Lu (Lutec, ²Lutetiumi)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d1 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Lu (Lutec, ²Lutetiumi)
Orbital Diagram of Lu (Lutec, ²Lutetiumi)
oxidation number0, 2, 3
Elektronegativiteti
1
Electrophilicity Index
0,817098693336918 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 675,15 K
Melting Point
1 936,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,00001 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,86 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,154 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000057 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
0,1 K
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000012 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000021 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000118
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
48 GPa
shear modulus
27 GPa
Young's modulus
69 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,26
Shpejtësia e zërit
klasifikim
CategoryLanthanides, Transition metals
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number19
Mendeleev Number41
Pettifor Number21
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
970,6 kJ/mol
polarizability
137 ± 7 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
85
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,022
numër kuantik2D3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Lutetium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition17597.40%17597.40%1762.60%1762.60%

150Lu

Numri i masës150
numri i neutroneve79
relative atomic mass
149,973407 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
45 ± 3 ms
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1993
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Lu

Numri i masës151
numri i neutroneve80
relative atomic mass
150,967471 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,4 ± 0,9 ms
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

152Lu

Numri i masës152
numri i neutroneve81
relative atomic mass
151,96412 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
650 ± 70 ms
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)15%

153Lu

Numri i masës153
numri i neutroneve82
relative atomic mass
152,958802248 ± 0,00016105 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
900 ± 200 ms
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)0%

154Lu

Numri i masës154
numri i neutroneve83
relative atomic mass
153,957416 ± 0,000216 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

155Lu

Numri i masës155
numri i neutroneve84
relative atomic mass
154,954326005 ± 0,00002066 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
68 ± 2 ms
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)90%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)10%

156Lu

Numri i masës156
numri i neutroneve85
relative atomic mass
155,953086606 ± 0,000058102 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
494 ± 12 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

157Lu

Numri i masës157
numri i neutroneve86
relative atomic mass
156,950144807 ± 0,000012961 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,7 ± 2 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

158Lu

Numri i masës158
numri i neutroneve87
relative atomic mass
157,94931562 ± 0,000016236 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,6 ± 0,3 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.09%
α (α emission)0.91%

159Lu

Numri i masës159
numri i neutroneve88
relative atomic mass
158,946635615 ± 0,000040433 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,1 ± 1 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

160Lu

Numri i masës160
numri i neutroneve89
relative atomic mass
159,946033 ± 0,000061 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
36,1 ± 0,3 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

161Lu

Numri i masës161
numri i neutroneve90
relative atomic mass
160,943572 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,444 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
77 ± 2 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1973
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Lu

Numri i masës162
numri i neutroneve91
relative atomic mass
161,943282776 ± 0,000080554 Da
g-factor
0,0551 ± 0,0011
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,37 ± 0,02 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,519 ± 0,008
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1978
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Lu

Numri i masës163
numri i neutroneve92
relative atomic mass
162,941179 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,1534 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,97 ± 0,13 m
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Lu

Numri i masës164
numri i neutroneve93
relative atomic mass
163,941339 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,0589 ± 0,0011
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,14 ± 0,03 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,608 ± 0,007
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

165Lu

Numri i masës165
numri i neutroneve94
relative atomic mass
164,939406758 ± 0,00002849 Da
g-factor
-0,0488 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,74 ± 0,1 m
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1973
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Lu

Numri i masës166
numri i neutroneve95
relative atomic mass
165,939859 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
0,48383333333333 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,65 ± 0,1 m
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,33 ± 0,04
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Lu

Numri i masës167
numri i neutroneve96
relative atomic mass
166,938243 ± 0,00004 Da
g-factor
0,66228571428571 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
51,5 ± 1 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,28 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1958
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Lu

Numri i masës168
numri i neutroneve97
relative atomic mass
167,938729798 ± 0,000040766 Da
g-factor
0,50116666666667 ± 0,0041666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,5 ± 0,1 m
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,77 ± 0,06
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

169Lu

Numri i masës169
numri i neutroneve98
relative atomic mass
168,937645845 ± 0,000003226 Da
g-factor
0,65371428571429 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
34,06 ± 0,05 h
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,48 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

170Lu

Numri i masës170
numri i neutroneve99
relative atomic mass
169,93847923 ± 0,000018081 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,012 ± 0,03 d
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171Lu

Numri i masës171
numri i neutroneve100
relative atomic mass
170,937918591 ± 0,000001999 Da
g-factor
0,65314285714286 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,247 ± 0,023 d
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,53 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172Lu

Numri i masës172
numri i neutroneve101
relative atomic mass
171,93909132 ± 0,000002507 Da
g-factor
0,72275 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,7 ± 0,03 d
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,8 ± 0,04
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173Lu

Numri i masës173
numri i neutroneve102
relative atomic mass
172,938935722 ± 0,000001682 Da
g-factor
0,64942857142857 ± 0,00057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,37 ± 0,01 y
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,53 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

174Lu

Numri i masës174
numri i neutroneve103
relative atomic mass
173,94034284 ± 0,000001682 Da
g-factor
1,982 ± 0,005
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,31 ± 0,05 y
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,773 ± 0,007
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175Lu

Numri i masës175
numri i neutroneve104
relative atomic mass
174,940777211 ± 0,000001295 Da
g-factor
0,63591428571429 ± 0,00054285714285714
natural abundance
97,401 ± 0,013
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,49 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity+

176Lu

Numri i masës176
numri i neutroneve105
relative atomic mass
175,942691711 ± 0,000001301 Da
g-factor
0,45142857142857 ± 0,00071428571428571
natural abundance
2,599 ± 0,013
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37,01 ± 0,17 Gy
Spini7
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.45%

177Lu

Numri i masës177
numri i neutroneve106
relative atomic mass
176,94376357 ± 0,00000131 Da
g-factor
0,63757142857143 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,6443 ± 0,0009 d
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,39 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1945
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

178Lu

Numri i masës178
numri i neutroneve107
relative atomic mass
177,945960065 ± 0,000002416 Da
g-factor
-1,373 ± 0,009
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28,4 ± 0,2 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,708 ± 0,01
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

179Lu

Numri i masës179
numri i neutroneve108
relative atomic mass
178,947332985 ± 0,000005528 Da
g-factor
0,67657142857143 ± 0,0034285714285714
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,59 ± 0,06 h
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,32 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1961
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

180Lu

Numri i masës180
numri i neutroneve109
relative atomic mass
179,949890744 ± 0,000075926 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,7 ± 0,1 m
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

181Lu

Numri i masës181
numri i neutroneve110
relative atomic mass
180,951908 ± 0,000135 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,5 ± 0,3 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

182Lu

Numri i masës182
numri i neutroneve111
relative atomic mass
181,955158 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2 ± 0,2 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

183Lu

Numri i masës183
numri i neutroneve112
relative atomic mass
182,957363 ± 0,000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
58 ± 4 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

184Lu

Numri i masës184
numri i neutroneve113
relative atomic mass
183,96103 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20 ± 3 s
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

185Lu

Numri i masës185
numri i neutroneve114
relative atomic mass
184,963542 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

186Lu

Numri i masës186
numri i neutroneve115
relative atomic mass
185,96745 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

187Lu

Numri i masës187
numri i neutroneve116
relative atomic mass
186,970188 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

188Lu

Numri i masës188
numri i neutroneve117
relative atomic mass
187,974428 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Lutetium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

historia

zbuluesGeorges Urbain
vendndodhja e zbulimitFrance
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1907
EtimologjiaNamed for the ancient name of Paris, Lutecia.
pronunciationloo-TEE-shi-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,8 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00000015 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3805
2p4.389
2s18.5502
3d13.5812
3p20.8337
3s21.4655
4d35.7108
4f40.0688
4p33.8096
4s32.7308
5d50.887
5p52.32
5s50.045
6s62.1956