Neodimium

Neodimium (Nd)

chemical element with the atomic number of 60 and symbol Nd
Atomic Number60
Atomic Weight144.242
Massagetal142
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton60 p+
neutron82 n0
elektron60 e-
Animated Bohr model of Nd (Neodimium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
185 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
174 pm
Metallic Radius
Ioonradius
129 pm
Crystal Radius
143 pm
Van der Waals radius
239 pm
density
7,01 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Neodimium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Nd (Neodimium)
Verdampingswarmte
289 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
7,1 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
326,9 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
Bohr model: Nd (Neodimium)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Nd (Neodimium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Xe] 4f4 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f4 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Nd (Neodimium)
Orbital Diagram of Nd (Neodimium)
Oksidasietoestand0, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.14
Electrophilicity Index
1,9177223954003881 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 347,15 K
Melting Point
1 289,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery white
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000096 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,45 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
1,6 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000064 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000048 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000069235 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0033648
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
19,2 K
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,66 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
32 GPa
Skuifmodulus
16 GPa
Young se modulus
41 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,28
Spoed van klank
2 330 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number29
Mendeleev Number19
Pettifor Number30
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
208 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
49
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,011
quantum number5I4
Ruimtegroep194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Neodymium

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition14227.15%14227.15%14423.80%14423.80%14617.19%14617.19%14312.17%14312.17%1458.29%1458.29%1485.76%1485.76%1505.64%1505.64%

124Nd

Massagetal124
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
123,951873 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

125Nd

Massagetal125
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
124,948395 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
650 ± 150 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0%

126Nd

Massagetal126
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
125,942694 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

127Nd

Massagetal127
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
126,939978 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,8 ± 0,4 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

128Nd

Massagetal128
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
127,935018 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

129Nd

Massagetal129
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
128,933038 ± 0,000217 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,8 ± 0,6 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

130Nd

Massagetal130
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
129,928506 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
21 ± 3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

131Nd

Massagetal131
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
130,92724802 ± 0,000029541 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
25,4 ± 0,9 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

132Nd

Massagetal132
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
131,923321237 ± 0,000025985 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,56 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

133Nd

Massagetal133
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
132,922348 ± 0,00005 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
70 ± 10 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

134Nd

Massagetal134
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
133,918790207 ± 0,000012686 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,5 ± 1,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

135Nd

Massagetal135
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
134,918181318 ± 0,000020534 Da
g-factor
-0,17333333333333 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,4 ± 0,6 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,9 ± 0,5
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

136Nd

Massagetal136
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
135,914976061 ± 0,000012686 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
50,65 ± 0,33 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

137Nd

Massagetal137
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
136,914563099 ± 0,000012586 Da
g-factor
-1,264 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
38,5 ± 1,5 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

138Nd

Massagetal138
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
137,911950938 ± 0,000012456 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,04 ± 0,09 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

139Nd

Massagetal139
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
138,911951208 ± 0,000029545 Da
g-factor
0,60333333333333 ± 0,0046666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
29,7 ± 0,5 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,09
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

140Nd

Massagetal140
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
139,90954613 ± 0,0000035 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,37 ± 0,02 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

141Nd

Massagetal141
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
140,90961669 ± 0,000003417 Da
g-factor
0,67333333333333 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,49 ± 0,03 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,13
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)97.28%
e+ (positron emission)2.72%

142Nd

Massagetal142
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
141,907728824 ± 0,000001348 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,153 ± 0,04
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

143Nd

Massagetal143
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
142,909819815 ± 0,000001347 Da
g-factor
-0,30428571428571 ± 0,0014285714285714
natural abundance
12,173 ± 0,026
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,61 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1933
parity-

144Nd

Massagetal144
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
143,910092798 ± 0,000001346 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
23,798 ± 0,019
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,29 ± 0,16 Py
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

145Nd

Massagetal145
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
144,912579151 ± 0,000001364 Da
g-factor
-0,18742857142857 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
8,293 ± 0,012
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,314 ± 0,012
ontdekkingsdatum1933
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

146Nd

Massagetal146
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
145,913122459 ± 0,000001366 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,189 ± 0,032
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

147Nd

Massagetal147
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
146,916105969 ± 0,000001368 Da
g-factor
0,2216 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,98 ± 0,01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,9 ± 0,3
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

148Nd

Massagetal148
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
147,916899027 ± 0,000002203 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,756 ± 0,021
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

149Nd

Massagetal149
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
148,920154583 ± 0,000002205 Da
g-factor
0,1404 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,728 ± 0,001 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,3 ± 0,3
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

150Nd

Massagetal150
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
149,920901322 ± 0,000001211 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,638 ± 0,028
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,3 ± 0,7 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

151Nd

Massagetal151
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
150,923839363 ± 0,000001215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,44 ± 0,07 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

152Nd

Massagetal152
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
151,924691242 ± 0,000026276 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
11,4 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

153Nd

Massagetal153
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
152,927717868 ± 0,000002949 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
31,6 ± 1 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

154Nd

Massagetal154
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
153,929597404 ± 0,0000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
25,9 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

155Nd

Massagetal155
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
154,933135598 ± 0,000009826 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,9 ± 0,2 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1986
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

156Nd

Massagetal156
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
155,935370358 ± 0,0000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,06 ± 0,13 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

157Nd

Massagetal157
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
156,939351074 ± 0,000002294 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,15 ± 0,03 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

158Nd

Massagetal158
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
157,94220562 ± 0,0000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
810 ± 30 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

159Nd

Massagetal159
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
158,946619085 ± 0,000032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
500 ± 30 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

160Nd

Massagetal160
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
159,949839172 ± 0,00005 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
439 ± 37 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

161Nd

Massagetal161
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
160,954664 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
215 ± 76 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

162Nd

Massagetal162
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
161,958121 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
310 ± 200 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

163Nd

Massagetal163
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
162,963414 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Neodym 1

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurC.F. Aver von Welsbach
ligging van ontdekkingAustria
ontdekkingsdatum1925
etimologieGreek: neos and didymos (new twin).
uitspraaknee-eh-DIM-i-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
41,5 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,0000028 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,00005 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.1868
2p4.2434
2s15.7838
3d13.8432
3p19.311
3s19.6572
4d33.1908
4f37.734
4p29.986
4s29.0136
5p43.039
5s41.2575
6s50.6934