Fosfor

Fosfor (P)

chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15
Atomic Number15
Atomic Weight30.973761998
Massagetal31
Group15
Period3
Blockp
proton15 p+
neutron16 n0
elektron15 e-
Animated Bohr model of P (Fosfor)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
100 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
111 pm
Metallic Radius
110 pm
Ioonradius
44 pm
Crystal Radius
58 pm
Van der Waals radius
180 pm
density
1,823 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fosfor0153045607590105120135150165180pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
626,8 kJ/mol
electron affinity
0,746607 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,486686 eV/particle
ionization energy of P (Fosfor)
Verdampingswarmte
49,8 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
2,51 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
316,5 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 5
Bohr model: P (Fosfor)
Valenselektrone5
Lewisteorie: P (Fosfor)
elektronkonfigurasie[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Enhanced Bohr model of P (Fosfor)
Orbital Diagram of P (Fosfor)
Oksidasietoestand-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatiwiteit
2.19
Electrophilicity Index
1,6194282359497416 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
553,65 K
Melting Point
317,3 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
994,15 K
triple point
appearance
kleur
Colorless
appearancecolourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
Brekingsindeks
1,001212
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
23,824 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,769 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
10 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,0000001 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000113 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000035 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000206
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Triclinic (CUB)
lattice constant
7,17 Å
Lattice Angles1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
11 GPa
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
classification
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number89
Mendeleev Number94
Pettifor Number90
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
604,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
25 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
185 a₀
allotropeWhite Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, Black Phosphorus
Neutron cross section
0,18
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
quantum number4S3/2
Ruimtegroep2 (P-1)

Isotopes of Phosphorus

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes1

24P

Massagetal24
neutron number9
relative atomic mass
24,036522 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

25P

Massagetal25
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
25,021675 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

26P

Massagetal26
neutron number11
relative atomic mass
26,01178 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
43,6 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35.1%
2p (2-proton emission)1.99%

27P

Massagetal27
neutron number12
relative atomic mass
26,999292499 ± 0,000009662 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
260 ± 80 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.07%

28P

Massagetal28
neutron number13
relative atomic mass
27,99232646 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0,104 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
270,3 ± 0,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,137 ± 0,014
ontdekkingsdatum1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0013%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.00086%

29P

Massagetal29
neutron number14
relative atomic mass
28,981800368 ± 0,000000385 Da
g-factor
2,4688 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,102 ± 0,004 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

30P

Massagetal30
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
29,97831349 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,5 ± 0,0017 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31P

Massagetal31
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
30,97376199768 ± 0,0000000008 Da
g-factor
2,26185 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

32P

Massagetal32
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
31,973907643 ± 0,000000042 Da
g-factor
-0,2528 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14,269 ± 0,007 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

33P

Massagetal33
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
32,971725692 ± 0,00000117 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
25,35 ± 0,11 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

34P

Massagetal34
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
33,973645886 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,43 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

35P

Massagetal35
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
34,973314045 ± 0,000002003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
47,3 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36P

Massagetal36
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
35,97825961 ± 0,000014078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,6 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

37P

Massagetal37
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
36,979606942 ± 0,000040738 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,31 ± 0,13 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

38P

Massagetal38
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
37,984303105 ± 0,000077918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
640 ± 140 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

39P

Massagetal39
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
38,986285865 ± 0,000120929 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
282 ± 24 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%

40P

Massagetal40
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
39,991262221 ± 0,000089755 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
150 ± 8 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41P

Massagetal41
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
40,994654 ± 0,000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
101 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42P

Massagetal42
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
42,00117214 ± 0,000101996 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
48,5 ± 1,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50%
2n (2-neutron emission)

43P

Massagetal43
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
43,005411 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
35,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)

44P

Massagetal44
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
44,011927 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
18,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45P

Massagetal45
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
45,017134 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

46P

Massagetal46
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
46,02452 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1990
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47P

Massagetal47
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
47,030929 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Phosphor.JPG

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurHennig Brand
ligging van ontdekkingGermany
ontdekkingsdatum1669
etimologieGreek: phosphoros, (bringer of light).
uitspraakFOS-fer-es (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1 050 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
1,1 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,11 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0007 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4422
2p4.0388
2s5.175
3p10.1136
3s9.3582