Fosfor

Fosfor (P)

hemijski element sa simbolom P i atomskim brojem 15
Atomic Number15
Atomic Weight30.973761998
Maseni broj31
Group15
Period3
Blockp
Proton15 p+
Neutron16 n0
Elektron15 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of P (Fosfor)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
100 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
111 pm
Metallic Radius
110 pm
Ionski radijus
44 pm
Crystal Radius
58 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
180 pm
gustoća
1,823 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fosfor0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
626,8 kJ/mol
electron affinity
0,746607 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,486686 eV/particle
ionization energy of P (Fosfor)
Toplota isparavanja
49,8 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
2,51 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
316,5 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 5
Bohrov model atoma: P (Fosfor)
Valentni elektron5
Lewis structure: P (Fosfor)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of P (Fosfor)
Orbital Diagram of P (Fosfor)
oksidacijsko stanje-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
2.19
Electrophilicity Index
1,6194282359497416 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
553,65 K
Melting Point
317,3 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
994,15 K
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Colorless
appearancecolourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
Indeks prelamanja
1,001212
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
23,824 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,769 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000001 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000113 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000035 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000206
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Triclinic (CUB)
lattice constant
7,17 Å
Lattice Angles1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
11 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
klasifikacija
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number89
Mendeleev Number94
Pettifor Number90
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
604,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
25 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
185 a₀
allotropeWhite Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, Black Phosphorus
Neutron cross section
0,18
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
Kvantni brojevi4S3/2
space group2 (P-1)

Isotopes of Phosphorus

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes1

24P

Maseni broj24
broj neutrona9
relative atomic mass
24,036522 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

25P

Maseni broj25
broj neutrona10
relative atomic mass
25,021675 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

26P

Maseni broj26
broj neutrona11
relative atomic mass
26,01178 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
43,6 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1983
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35.1%
2p (2-proton emission)1.99%

27P

Maseni broj27
broj neutrona12
relative atomic mass
26,999292499 ± 0,000009662 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
260 ± 80 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.07%

28P

Maseni broj28
broj neutrona13
relative atomic mass
27,99232646 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0,104 ± 0,001
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
270,3 ± 0,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,137 ± 0,014
datum otkrića1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0013%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.00086%

29P

Maseni broj29
broj neutrona14
relative atomic mass
28,981800368 ± 0,000000385 Da
g-factor
2,4688 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,102 ± 0,004 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

30P

Maseni broj30
broj neutrona15
relative atomic mass
29,97831349 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,5 ± 0,0017 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31P

Maseni broj31
broj neutrona16
relative atomic mass
30,97376199768 ± 0,0000000008 Da
g-factor
2,26185 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

32P

Maseni broj32
broj neutrona17
relative atomic mass
31,973907643 ± 0,000000042 Da
g-factor
-0,2528 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,269 ± 0,007 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

33P

Maseni broj33
broj neutrona18
relative atomic mass
32,971725692 ± 0,00000117 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25,35 ± 0,11 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

34P

Maseni broj34
broj neutrona19
relative atomic mass
33,973645886 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,43 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

35P

Maseni broj35
broj neutrona20
relative atomic mass
34,973314045 ± 0,000002003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
47,3 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36P

Maseni broj36
broj neutrona21
relative atomic mass
35,97825961 ± 0,000014078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,6 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

37P

Maseni broj37
broj neutrona22
relative atomic mass
36,979606942 ± 0,000040738 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,31 ± 0,13 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

38P

Maseni broj38
broj neutrona23
relative atomic mass
37,984303105 ± 0,000077918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
640 ± 140 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

39P

Maseni broj39
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
38,986285865 ± 0,000120929 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
282 ± 24 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%

40P

Maseni broj40
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
39,991262221 ± 0,000089755 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
150 ± 8 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41P

Maseni broj41
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
40,994654 ± 0,000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
101 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42P

Maseni broj42
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
42,00117214 ± 0,000101996 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
48,5 ± 1,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50%
2n (2-neutron emission)

43P

Maseni broj43
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
43,005411 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
35,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)

44P

Maseni broj44
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
44,011927 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45P

Maseni broj45
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
45,017134 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

46P

Maseni broj46
broj neutrona31
relative atomic mass
46,02452 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1990
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47P

Maseni broj47
broj neutrona32
relative atomic mass
47,030929 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Phosphor.JPG

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljHennig Brand
mjesto otkrićaGermany
datum otkrića1669
EtimologijaGreek: phosphoros, (bringer of light).
pronunciationFOS-fer-es (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1.050 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
1,1 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,11 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0007 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4422
2p4.0388
2s5.175
3p10.1136
3s9.3582