Fosforoa

Fosforoa (P)

15 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number15
Atomic Weight30.973761998
masa-zenbaki31
Group15
Period3
Blockp
protoi15 p+
neutroi16 n0
elektroi15 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of P (Fosforoa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
100 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
111 pm
Metallic Radius
110 pm
Erradio ioniko
44 pm
Crystal Radius
58 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
180 pm
dentsitatea
1,823 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fosforoa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
626,8 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
0,746607 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
10,486686 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of P (Fosforoa)
Irakite-entalpia
49,8 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
2,51 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
316,5 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 5
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: P (Fosforoa)
balentzia-elektroi5
Lewis egitura: P (Fosforoa)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of P (Fosforoa)
Orbital Diagram of P (Fosforoa)
Oxidazio-egoera-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatibotasun
2.19
Electrophilicity Index
1,6194282359497416 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
553,65 K
Melting Point
317,3 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
994,15 K
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Colorless
appearancecolourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
errefrakzio-indize
1,001212
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
23,824 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,769 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
10 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,0000001 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000113 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,00000000035 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000206
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Triclinic (CUB)
lattice constant
7,17 Å
Lattice Angles1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
11 GPa
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
classification
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number89
Mendeleev Number94
Pettifor Number90
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
604,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
25 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
185 a₀
allotropeWhite Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, Black Phosphorus
Neutron cross section
0,18
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
zenbaki kuantiko4S3/2
talde espazial2 (P-1)

Isotopes of Phosphorus

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes1

24P

masa-zenbaki24
neutron number9
atomo-masa erlatibo
24,036522 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

25P

masa-zenbaki25
neutron number10
atomo-masa erlatibo
25,021675 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

26P

masa-zenbaki26
neutron number11
atomo-masa erlatibo
26,01178 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
43,6 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35.1%
2p (2-proton emission)1.99%

27P

masa-zenbaki27
neutron number12
atomo-masa erlatibo
26,999292499 ± 0,000009662 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
260 ± 80 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.07%

28P

masa-zenbaki28
neutron number13
atomo-masa erlatibo
27,99232646 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0,104 ± 0,001
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
270,3 ± 0,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,137 ± 0,014
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0013%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.00086%

29P

masa-zenbaki29
neutron number14
atomo-masa erlatibo
28,981800368 ± 0,000000385 Da
g-factor
2,4688 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,102 ± 0,004 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

30P

masa-zenbaki30
neutron number15
atomo-masa erlatibo
29,97831349 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,5 ± 0,0017 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31P

masa-zenbaki31
neutron number16
atomo-masa erlatibo
30,97376199768 ± 0,0000000008 Da
g-factor
2,26185 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

32P

masa-zenbaki32
neutron number17
atomo-masa erlatibo
31,973907643 ± 0,000000042 Da
g-factor
−0,2528 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,269 ± 0,007 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

33P

masa-zenbaki33
neutron number18
atomo-masa erlatibo
32,971725692 ± 0,00000117 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25,35 ± 0,11 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

34P

masa-zenbaki34
neutron number19
atomo-masa erlatibo
33,973645886 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,43 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

35P

masa-zenbaki35
neutron number20
atomo-masa erlatibo
34,973314045 ± 0,000002003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
47,3 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36P

masa-zenbaki36
neutron number21
atomo-masa erlatibo
35,97825961 ± 0,000014078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,6 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

37P

masa-zenbaki37
neutron number22
atomo-masa erlatibo
36,979606942 ± 0,000040738 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,31 ± 0,13 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

38P

masa-zenbaki38
neutron number23
atomo-masa erlatibo
37,984303105 ± 0,000077918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
640 ± 140 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

39P

masa-zenbaki39
neutron number24
atomo-masa erlatibo
38,986285865 ± 0,000120929 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
282 ± 24 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%

40P

masa-zenbaki40
neutron number25
atomo-masa erlatibo
39,991262221 ± 0,000089755 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
150 ± 8 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41P

masa-zenbaki41
neutron number26
atomo-masa erlatibo
40,994654 ± 0,000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
101 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42P

masa-zenbaki42
neutron number27
atomo-masa erlatibo
42,00117214 ± 0,000101996 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
48,5 ± 1,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50%
2n (2-neutron emission)

43P

masa-zenbaki43
neutron number28
atomo-masa erlatibo
43,005411 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
35,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)

44P

masa-zenbaki44
neutron number29
atomo-masa erlatibo
44,011927 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45P

masa-zenbaki45
neutron number30
atomo-masa erlatibo
45,017134 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

46P

masa-zenbaki46
neutron number31
atomo-masa erlatibo
46,02452 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47P

masa-zenbaki47
neutron number32
atomo-masa erlatibo
47,030929 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Phosphor.JPG

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaHennig Brand
aurkikuntzaren lekuaGermany
aurkikuntza-data1669
etimologiaGreek: phosphoros, (bringer of light).
pronunciationFOS-fer-es (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1.050 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
1,1 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,11 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0007 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4422
2p4.0388
2s5.175
3p10.1136
3s9.3582