Fosfor

Fosfor (P)

chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15
Atomski broj15
Relativna atomska masa30.973761998
Maseni broj31
Skupina15
Perioda3
Blokp
proton15 p+
neutron16 n0
elektron15 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of P (Fosfor)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
100 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
111 pm
Metallic Radius
110 pm
Ionski radijus
44 pm
Crystal Radius
58 pm
Van der Waals radius
180 pm
gustoća
1,823 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fosfor0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
626,8 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
0,746607 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,486686 eV/particle
ionization energy of P (Fosfor)
Toplina isparivanja
49,8 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
2,51 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
316,5 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 5
Bohrov model atoma: P (Fosfor)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: P (Fosfor)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of P (Fosfor)
Orbital Diagram of P (Fosfor)
Oksidacijski broj-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
2.19
Electrophilicity Index
1,6194282359497416 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
553,65 K
Talište
317,3 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
994,15 K
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Bezbojan
appearancecolourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
Indeks prelamanja
1,001212
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
molar heat capacity
23,824 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,769 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,0000001 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
−0,0000000113 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
−0,00000000035 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
−0,0000206
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna triklinska (CUB)
lattice constant
7,17 Å
Lattice Angles1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
11 GPa
shear modulus
Youngov modul elastičnosti
Poissonov omjer
brzina zvuka
classification
KategorijaOstali nemetali, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number89
Mendeleev Number94
Pettifor Number90
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
604,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
25 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
185 a₀
allotropeWhite Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, Black Phosphorus
Nuklearni udarni presjek
0,18
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
Kvantni brojevi4S3/2
space group2 (P-1)

Isotopes of Phosphorus

Stabilni izotopi1
Nestabilni izotopi23
Natural Isotopes1

24P

Maseni broj24
neutron number9
Relativna atomska masa
24,036522 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

25P

Maseni broj25
neutron number10
Relativna atomska masa
25,021675 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

26P

Maseni broj26
neutron number11
Relativna atomska masa
26,01178 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
43,6 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1983
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35.1%
2p (2-proton emission)1.99%

27P

Maseni broj27
neutron number12
Relativna atomska masa
26,999292499 ± 0,000009662 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
260 ± 80 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.07%

28P

Maseni broj28
neutron number13
Relativna atomska masa
27,99232646 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0,104 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
270,3 ± 0,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,137 ± 0,014
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1953
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0013%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.00086%

29P

Maseni broj29
neutron number14
Relativna atomska masa
28,981800368 ± 0,000000385 Da
g-factor
2,4688 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,102 ± 0,004 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1941
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

30P

Maseni broj30
neutron number15
Relativna atomska masa
29,97831349 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,5 ± 0,0017 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31P

Maseni broj31
neutron number16
Relativna atomska masa
30,97376199768 ± 0,0000000008 Da
g-factor
2,26185 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1920
Parnost+

32P

Maseni broj32
neutron number17
Relativna atomska masa
31,973907643 ± 0,000000042 Da
g-factor
−0,2528 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,269 ± 0,007 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

33P

Maseni broj33
neutron number18
Relativna atomska masa
32,971725692 ± 0,00000117 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25,35 ± 0,11 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

34P

Maseni broj34
neutron number19
Relativna atomska masa
33,973645886 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,43 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1945
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

35P

Maseni broj35
neutron number20
Relativna atomska masa
34,973314045 ± 0,000002003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
47,3 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36P

Maseni broj36
neutron number21
Relativna atomska masa
35,97825961 ± 0,000014078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,6 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

37P

Maseni broj37
neutron number22
Relativna atomska masa
36,979606942 ± 0,000040738 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,31 ± 0,13 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

38P

Maseni broj38
neutron number23
Relativna atomska masa
37,984303105 ± 0,000077918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
640 ± 140 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

39P

Maseni broj39
neutron number24
Relativna atomska masa
38,986285865 ± 0,000120929 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
282 ± 24 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%

40P

Maseni broj40
neutron number25
Relativna atomska masa
39,991262221 ± 0,000089755 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
150 ± 8 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41P

Maseni broj41
neutron number26
Relativna atomska masa
40,994654 ± 0,000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
101 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42P

Maseni broj42
neutron number27
Relativna atomska masa
42,00117214 ± 0,000101996 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
48,5 ± 1,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1979
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50%
2n (2-neutron emission)

43P

Maseni broj43
neutron number28
Relativna atomska masa
43,005411 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
35,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)

44P

Maseni broj44
neutron number29
Relativna atomska masa
44,011927 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45P

Maseni broj45
neutron number30
Relativna atomska masa
45,017134 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1990
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

46P

Maseni broj46
neutron number31
Relativna atomska masa
46,02452 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1990
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47P

Maseni broj47
neutron number32
Relativna atomska masa
47,030929 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Phosphor.JPG

povijest

otkrio/izumioHennig Brand
location of discoveryGermany
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1669
EtimologijaGreek: phosphoros, (bringer of light).
pronunciationFOS-fer-es (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
1.050 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
1,1 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,11 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0007 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4422
2p4.0388
2s5.175
3p10.1136
3s9.3582