Fosforus

Fosforus (P)

chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15
Atomic Number15
Atomic Weight30.973761998
Nombor jisim31
Group15
Period3
Blockp
proton15 p+
neutron16 n0
Elektron15 e-
Animated Model Bohr of P (Fosforus)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
100 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
111 pm
Metallic Radius
110 pm
ionic radius
44 pm
Crystal Radius
58 pm
Jejari van der Waals
180 pm
ketumpatan
1.823 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Fosforus0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
626.8 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
0.746607 eV/particle
ionization energy
10.486686 eV/particle
ionization energy of P (Fosforus)
Entalpi pengewapan
49.8 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
2.51 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
316.5 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 5
Model Bohr: P (Fosforus)
Elektron valens5
Teori ion Lewis: P (Fosforus)
tatarajah elektron[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Enhanced Model Bohr of P (Fosforus)
Orbital Diagram of P (Fosforus)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Keelektronegatifan
2.19
Electrophilicity Index
1.6194282359497416 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
553.65 K
Melting Point
317.3 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
994.15 K
triple point
rupa
warna
Colorless
rupacolourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
indeks biasan
1.001212
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
molar heat capacity
23.824 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.769 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
10 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.0000001 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000113 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.00000000035 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000206
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Triclinic (CUB)
lattice constant
7.17 Å
Lattice Angles1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
11 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Nisbah Poisson
Kelajuan bunyi
pengelasan
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number89
Mendeleev Number94
Pettifor Number90
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
604.8 kJ/mol
polarizability
25 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
185 a₀
allotropeWhite Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, Black Phosphorus
Neutron cross section
0.18
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0002
Nombor kuantum4S3/2
space group2 (P-1)

Isotopes of Phosphorus

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes1

24P

Nombor jisim24
nombor neutron9
jisim atom relatif
24.036522 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

25P

Nombor jisim25
nombor neutron10
jisim atom relatif
25.021675 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)

26P

Nombor jisim26
nombor neutron11
jisim atom relatif
26.01178 ± 0.00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
43.6 ± 0.3 ms
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1983
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35.1%
2p (2-proton emission)1.99%

27P

Nombor jisim27
nombor neutron12
jisim atom relatif
26.999292499 ± 0.000009662 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
260 ± 80 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.07%

28P

Nombor jisim28
nombor neutron13
jisim atom relatif
27.99232646 ± 0.000001231 Da
g-factor
0.104 ± 0.001
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
270.3 ± 0.5 ms
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.137 ± 0.014
tarikh penemuan1953
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0013%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.00086%

29P

Nombor jisim29
nombor neutron14
jisim atom relatif
28.981800368 ± 0.000000385 Da
g-factor
2.4688 ± 0.0006
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.102 ± 0.004 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1941
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

30P

Nombor jisim30
nombor neutron15
jisim atom relatif
29.97831349 ± 0.000000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.5 ± 0.0017 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31P

Nombor jisim31
nombor neutron16
jisim atom relatif
30.97376199768 ± 0.0000000008 Da
g-factor
2.26185 ± 0.00001
natural abundance
100
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1920
parity+

32P

Nombor jisim32
nombor neutron17
jisim atom relatif
31.973907643 ± 0.000000042 Da
g-factor
-0.2528 ± 0.0002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
14.269 ± 0.007 d
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1934
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

33P

Nombor jisim33
nombor neutron18
jisim atom relatif
32.971725692 ± 0.00000117 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
25.35 ± 0.11 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

34P

Nombor jisim34
nombor neutron19
jisim atom relatif
33.973645886 ± 0.00000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
12.43 ± 0.1 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1945
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

35P

Nombor jisim35
nombor neutron20
jisim atom relatif
34.973314045 ± 0.000002003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
47.3 ± 0.8 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1971
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

36P

Nombor jisim36
nombor neutron21
jisim atom relatif
35.97825961 ± 0.000014078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.6 ± 0.3 s
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1971
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

37P

Nombor jisim37
nombor neutron22
jisim atom relatif
36.979606942 ± 0.000040738 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.31 ± 0.13 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1971
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

38P

Nombor jisim38
nombor neutron23
jisim atom relatif
37.984303105 ± 0.000077918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
640 ± 140 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1971
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

39P

Nombor jisim39
nombor neutron24
jisim atom relatif
38.986285865 ± 0.000120929 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
282 ± 24 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%

40P

Nombor jisim40
nombor neutron25
jisim atom relatif
39.991262221 ± 0.000089755 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
150 ± 8 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41P

Nombor jisim41
nombor neutron26
jisim atom relatif
40.994654 ± 0.000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
101 ± 5 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42P

Nombor jisim42
nombor neutron27
jisim atom relatif
42.00117214 ± 0.000101996 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
48.5 ± 1.5 ms
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50%
2n (2-neutron emission)

43P

Nombor jisim43
nombor neutron28
jisim atom relatif
43.005411 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
35.8 ± 1.3 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1989
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)

44P

Nombor jisim44
nombor neutron29
jisim atom relatif
44.011927 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
18.5 ± 2.5 ms
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1989
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45P

Nombor jisim45
nombor neutron30
jisim atom relatif
45.017134 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1990
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

46P

Nombor jisim46
nombor neutron31
jisim atom relatif
46.02452 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1990
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47P

Nombor jisim47
nombor neutron32
jisim atom relatif
47.030929 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Phosphor.JPG

sejarah

penemu atau perekaHennig Brand
tempat penemuanGermany
tarikh penemuan1669
EtimologiGreek: phosphoros, (bringer of light).
sebutanFOS-fer-es (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,050 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.06 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
1.1 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.11 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0007 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4422
2p4.0388
2s5.175
3p10.1136
3s9.3582