Фосфор

Фосфор (P)

chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15
Atomic Number15
Atomic Weight30.973761998
Адади массавӣ31
Group15
Period3
Blockp
proton15 p+
neutron16 n0
electron15 e-
Animated Bohr model of P (Фосфор)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
100 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
111 pm
Metallic Radius
110 pm
ionic radius
44 pm
Crystal Radius
58 pm
Van der Waals radius
180 pm
зичӣ
1,823 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Фосфор0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
626,8 kJ/mol
electron affinity
0,746607 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,486686 eV/particle
ionization energy of P (Фосфор)
enthalpy of vaporization
49,8 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
2,51 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
316,5 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 5
Bohr model: P (Фосфор)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: P (Фосфор)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
Enhanced Bohr model of P (Фосфор)
Orbital Diagram of P (Фосфор)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
2.19
Electrophilicity Index
1,6194282359497416 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
553,65 K
Melting Point
317,3 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
994,15 K
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Colorless
appearancecolourless, waxy white, yellow, scarlet, red, violet, black
refractive index
1,001212
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
23,824 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000001 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъdiamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000113 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,00000000035 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000206
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureSimple Triclinic (CUB)
lattice constant
7,17 Å
Lattice Angles1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
11 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
classification
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number89
Mendeleev Number94
Pettifor Number90
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
604,8 kJ/mol
polarizability
25 ± 1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
185 a₀
allotropeWhite Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, Black Phosphorus
Neutron cross section
0,18
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
ададҳои квантӣ4S3/2
space group2 (P-1)

Isotopes of Phosphorus

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes23
Natural Isotopes1

24P

Адади массавӣ24
neutron number9
relative atomic mass
24,036522 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

25P

Адади массавӣ25
neutron number10
relative atomic mass
25,021675 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

26P

Адади массавӣ26
neutron number11
relative atomic mass
26,01178 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
43,6 ± 0,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1983
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)35.1%
2p (2-proton emission)1.99%

27P

Адади массавӣ27
neutron number12
relative atomic mass
26,999292499 ± 0,000009662 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
260 ± 80 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.07%

28P

Адади массавӣ28
neutron number13
relative atomic mass
27,99232646 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0,104 ± 0,001
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
270,3 ± 0,5 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,137 ± 0,014
таърихи кашф1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0013%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.00086%

29P

Адади массавӣ29
neutron number14
relative atomic mass
28,981800368 ± 0,000000385 Da
g-factor
2,4688 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,102 ± 0,004 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1941
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

30P

Адади массавӣ30
neutron number15
relative atomic mass
29,97831349 ± 0,000000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5 ± 0,0017 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31P

Адади массавӣ31
neutron number16
relative atomic mass
30,97376199768 ± 0,0000000008 Da
g-factor
2,26185 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1920
parity+

32P

Адади массавӣ32
neutron number17
relative atomic mass
31,973907643 ± 0,000000042 Da
g-factor
-0,2528 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,269 ± 0,007 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

33P

Адади массавӣ33
neutron number18
relative atomic mass
32,971725692 ± 0,00000117 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,35 ± 0,11 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

34P

Адади массавӣ34
neutron number19
relative atomic mass
33,973645886 ± 0,00000087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,43 ± 0,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

35P

Адади массавӣ35
neutron number20
relative atomic mass
34,973314045 ± 0,000002003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
47,3 ± 0,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36P

Адади массавӣ36
neutron number21
relative atomic mass
35,97825961 ± 0,000014078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,6 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

37P

Адади массавӣ37
neutron number22
relative atomic mass
36,979606942 ± 0,000040738 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,31 ± 0,13 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

38P

Адади массавӣ38
neutron number23
relative atomic mass
37,984303105 ± 0,000077918 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
640 ± 140 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

39P

Адади массавӣ39
neutron number24
relative atomic mass
38,986285865 ± 0,000120929 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
282 ± 24 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)26%

40P

Адади массавӣ40
neutron number25
relative atomic mass
39,991262221 ± 0,000089755 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
150 ± 8 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)15.8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

41P

Адади массавӣ41
neutron number26
relative atomic mass
40,994654 ± 0,000129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
101 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)30%
2n (2-neutron emission)

42P

Адади массавӣ42
neutron number27
relative atomic mass
42,00117214 ± 0,000101996 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
48,5 ± 1,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)50%
2n (2-neutron emission)

43P

Адади массавӣ43
neutron number28
relative atomic mass
43,005411 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,8 ± 1,3 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)100%
2n (2-neutron emission)

44P

Адади массавӣ44
neutron number29
relative atomic mass
44,011927 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,5 ± 2,5 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1989
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

45P

Адади массавӣ45
neutron number30
relative atomic mass
45,017134 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

46P

Адади массавӣ46
neutron number31
relative atomic mass
46,02452 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1990
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47P

Адади массавӣ47
neutron number32
relative atomic mass
47,030929 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Phosphor.JPG

таърих

кошифHennig Brand
макони кашфGermany
таърихи кашф1669
РешашиносӣGreek: phosphoros, (bringer of light).
pronunciationFOS-fer-es (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1 050 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,06 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
1,1 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,11 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,0007 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4422
2p4.0388
2s5.175
3p10.1136
3s9.3582