Polonioa

Polonioa (Po)

Zenbaki atomikoa 84 duen elementu kimiko erradioaktiboa. Metala da, eta oso urria naturan
Atomic Number84
Atomic Weight209
masa-zenbaki186
Group16
Period6
Blockp
protoi84 p+
neutroi102 n0
elektroi84 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Po (Polonioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
190 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
145 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
94 pm
Crystal Radius
108 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
197 pm
dentsitatea
9,2 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Polonioa020406080100120140160180200pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Po (Polonioa)
Irakite-entalpia
102,9 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 6
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Po (Polonioa)
balentzia-elektroi6
Lewis egitura: Po (Polonioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Po (Polonioa)
Orbital Diagram of Po (Polonioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-2, 2, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegatibotasun
2
Electrophilicity Index
2,0413454866441514 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.235,15 K
Melting Point
527,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
2,3 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000043 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
type
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Cubic (SC)
lattice constant
3,35 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number93
Mendeleev Number103
Pettifor Number91
Geochemical ClassU/Th decay series
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
44 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotropeAlpha Polonium, Beta Polonium
Neutron cross section
0,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
zenbaki kuantiko3P2
talde espazial221 (Pm-3m)

Isotopes of Polonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes0

186Po

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,004403174 ± 0,000019622 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
34 ± 12 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
p (proton emission)

187Po

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,003031482 ± 0,00003503 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,4 ± 0,25 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2005
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

188Po

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,999415586 ± 0,000021438 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
270 ± 30 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

189Po

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,998473425 ± 0,000023681 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,5 ± 0,5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Po

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,995101731 ± 0,000014131 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,45 ± 0,05 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

191Po

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,994558494 ± 0,000007624 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
22 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Po

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,991340274 ± 0,000011416 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32,2 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

193Po

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,991062421 ± 0,000015599 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
399 ± 34 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−1,3 ± 0,3
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Po

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,988186058 ± 0,00001386 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
392 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

195Po

masa-zenbaki195
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
194,988065781 ± 0,000006486 Da
g-factor
−0,4 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,64 ± 0,09 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,9 ± 0,3
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

196Po

masa-zenbaki196
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
195,985540722 ± 0,000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,63 ± 0,07 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

197Po

masa-zenbaki197
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
196,985621939 ± 0,000010585 Da
g-factor
−0,58666666666667 ± 0,046666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
53,6 ± 0,9 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,4 ± 0,2
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)44%

198Po

masa-zenbaki198
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
197,983388753 ± 0,000018705 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,76 ± 0,024 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)57%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)43%

199Po

masa-zenbaki199
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
198,983640445 ± 0,000005828 Da
g-factor
−0,60666666666667 ± 0,046666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,47 ± 0,15 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,27 ± 0,15
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.5%
α (α emission)7.5%

200Po

masa-zenbaki200
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
199,981812355 ± 0,000008136 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,51 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.9%
α (α emission)11.1%

201Po

masa-zenbaki201
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
200,982263799 ± 0,000005305 Da
g-factor
−0,65333333333333 ± 0,046666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15,6 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,1
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.87%
α (α emission)1.13%

202Po

masa-zenbaki202
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
201,980738934 ± 0,000009307 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
44,6 ± 0,4 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.08%
α (α emission)1.92%

203Po

masa-zenbaki203
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
202,981416072 ± 0,000004981 Da
g-factor
0,296 ± 0,02
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
36,7 ± 0,5 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,17 ± 0,1
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.89%
α (α emission)0.11%

204Po

masa-zenbaki204
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
203,980310078 ± 0,000010811 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,519 ± 0,012 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.33%
α (α emission)0.67%

205Po

masa-zenbaki205
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
204,981190006 ± 0,000010798 Da
g-factor
0,304 ± 0,024
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,74 ± 0,08 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.96%
α (α emission)0.04%

206Po

masa-zenbaki206
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
205,980473662 ± 0,000004306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,8 ± 0,1 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.55%
α (α emission)5.45%

207Po

masa-zenbaki207
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
206,981593334 ± 0,000007148 Da
g-factor
0,316 ± 0,024
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,8 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.021%

208Po

masa-zenbaki208
neutron number124
atomo-masa erlatibo
207,981246035 ± 0,000001795 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,898 ± 0,002 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.0042%

209Po

masa-zenbaki209
neutron number125
atomo-masa erlatibo
208,982430361 ± 0,000001909 Da
g-factor
1,36 ± 0,16
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
124 ± 3 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.546%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.454%

210Po

masa-zenbaki210
neutron number126
atomo-masa erlatibo
209,982873686 ± 0,00000123 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
138,376 ± 0,002 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1898
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

211Po

masa-zenbaki211
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
210,986653171 ± 0,000001347 Da
g-factor
−0,26666666666667 ± 0,017777777777778
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
516 ± 3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,77 ± 0,15
aurkikuntza-data1913
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

212Po

masa-zenbaki212
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
211,988867982 ± 0,000001237 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
294,4 ± 0,8 ns
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1906
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

213Po

masa-zenbaki213
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
212,992857154 ± 0,000003277 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,705 ± 0,001 us
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

214Po

masa-zenbaki214
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
213,995201287 ± 0,000001556 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
163,47 ± 0,03 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1912
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

215Po

masa-zenbaki215
neutron number131
atomo-masa erlatibo
214,999418385 ± 0,000002276 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,781 ± 0,005 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1911
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)2.3%

216Po

masa-zenbaki216
neutron number132
atomo-masa erlatibo
216,001913416 ± 0,000001948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
144 ± 0,6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1910
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
(double β decay)

217Po

masa-zenbaki217
neutron number133
atomo-masa erlatibo
217,006316145 ± 0,000007025 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,53 ± 0,05 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)97.5%
β (β decay)2.5%

218Po

masa-zenbaki218
neutron number134
atomo-masa erlatibo
218,008971234 ± 0,000002112 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,097 ± 0,012 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)99.98%
β (β decay)0.02%

219Po

masa-zenbaki219
neutron number135
atomo-masa erlatibo
219,013614 ± 0,000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,3 ± 1 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)71.8%
α (α emission)28.2%

220Po

masa-zenbaki220
neutron number136
atomo-masa erlatibo
220,016386 ± 0,000019 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

221Po

masa-zenbaki221
neutron number137
atomo-masa erlatibo
221,021228 ± 0,000021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,2 ± 0,7 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

222Po

masa-zenbaki222
neutron number138
atomo-masa erlatibo
222,02414 ± 0,000043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,1 ± 7,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

223Po

masa-zenbaki223
neutron number139
atomo-masa erlatibo
223,02907 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

224Po

masa-zenbaki224
neutron number140
atomo-masa erlatibo
224,03211 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

225Po

masa-zenbaki225
neutron number141
atomo-masa erlatibo
225,037123 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

226Po

masa-zenbaki226
neutron number142
atomo-masa erlatibo
226,04031 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

227Po

masa-zenbaki227
neutron number143
atomo-masa erlatibo
227,04539 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
2019-11-22 Spark plugs and static eliminators with radioactive polonium at museum display
671067N
Electron shell 084 polonium
Polonium spectrum visible

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaPierre and Marie Curie
aurkikuntzaren lekuaFrance
aurkikuntza-data1898
etimologiaNamed for Poland, native country of Marie Curie.
pronunciationpeh-LOW-ni-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0000000002 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,000000000000015 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6232
2p4.5428
2s22.0782
3d13.428
3p23.2851
3s24.3813
4d36.3328
4f37.8416
4p36.3328
4s35.4784
5d58.696
5p53.9755
5s51.977
6p69.7794
6s67.6692