Polonium

Polonium (Po)

chemical element with symbol Po and atomic number 84
Atomic Number84
Atomic Weight209
Nombor jisim186
Group16
Period6
Blockp
proton84 p+
neutron102 n0
Elektron84 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Po (Polonium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
190 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
145 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
94 pm
Crystal Radius
108 pm
Jejari van der Waals
197 pm
ketumpatan
9.2 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Polonium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
ionization energy of Po (Polonium)
Entalpi pengewapan
102.9 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
standard enthalpy of formation
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 6
Model Bohr: Po (Polonium)
Elektron valens6
Teori ion Lewis: Po (Polonium)
tatarajah elektron[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
Enhanced Model Bohr of Po (Polonium)
Orbital Diagram of Po (Polonium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-2, 2, 4, 5, 6
Keelektronegatifan
2
Electrophilicity Index
2.0413454866441514 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,235.15 K
Melting Point
527.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
2.3 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000043 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
type
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Cubic (SC)
lattice constant
3.35 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Nisbah Poisson
Kelajuan bunyi
pengelasan
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number93
Mendeleev Number103
Pettifor Number91
Geochemical ClassU/Th decay series
Goldschmidt classificationsynthetic

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
44 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotropeAlpha Polonium, Beta Polonium
Neutron cross section
0.5
Neutron Mass Absorption
Nombor kuantum3P2
space group221 (Pm-3m)

Isotopes of Polonium

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes42
Natural Isotopes0

186Po

Nombor jisim186
nombor neutron102
jisim atom relatif
186.004403174 ± 0.000019622 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
34 ± 12 us
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2005
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
p (proton emission)

187Po

Nombor jisim187
nombor neutron103
jisim atom relatif
187.003031482 ± 0.00003503 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.4 ± 0.25 ms
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2005
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

188Po

Nombor jisim188
nombor neutron104
jisim atom relatif
187.999415586 ± 0.000021438 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
270 ± 30 us
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1999
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

189Po

Nombor jisim189
nombor neutron105
jisim atom relatif
188.998473425 ± 0.000023681 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.5 ± 0.5 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

190Po

Nombor jisim190
nombor neutron106
jisim atom relatif
189.995101731 ± 0.000014131 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.45 ± 0.05 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1996
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

191Po

Nombor jisim191
nombor neutron107
jisim atom relatif
190.994558494 ± 0.000007624 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
22 ± 1 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1993
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Po

Nombor jisim192
nombor neutron108
jisim atom relatif
191.991340274 ± 0.000011416 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
32.2 ± 0.3 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

193Po

Nombor jisim193
nombor neutron109
jisim atom relatif
192.991062421 ± 0.000015599 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
399 ± 34 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-1.3 ± 0.3
tarikh penemuan1967
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Po

Nombor jisim194
nombor neutron110
jisim atom relatif
193.988186058 ± 0.00001386 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
392 ± 4 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

195Po

Nombor jisim195
nombor neutron111
jisim atom relatif
194.988065781 ± 0.000006486 Da
g-factor
-0.4 ± 0.026666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.64 ± 0.09 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.9 ± 0.3
tarikh penemuan1967
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

196Po

Nombor jisim196
nombor neutron112
jisim atom relatif
195.985540722 ± 0.000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.63 ± 0.07 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)94%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

197Po

Nombor jisim197
nombor neutron113
jisim atom relatif
196.985621939 ± 0.000010585 Da
g-factor
-0.58666666666667 ± 0.046666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
53.6 ± 0.9 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.4 ± 0.2
tarikh penemuan1965
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)44%

198Po

Nombor jisim198
nombor neutron114
jisim atom relatif
197.983388753 ± 0.000018705 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.76 ± 0.024 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1965
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)57%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)43%

199Po

Nombor jisim199
nombor neutron115
jisim atom relatif
198.983640445 ± 0.000005828 Da
g-factor
-0.60666666666667 ± 0.046666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.47 ± 0.15 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.27 ± 0.15
tarikh penemuan1965
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)92.5%
α (α emission)7.5%

200Po

Nombor jisim200
nombor neutron116
jisim atom relatif
199.981812355 ± 0.000008136 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
11.51 ± 0.08 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88.9%
α (α emission)11.1%

201Po

Nombor jisim201
nombor neutron117
jisim atom relatif
200.982263799 ± 0.000005305 Da
g-factor
-0.65333333333333 ± 0.046666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
15.6 ± 0.1 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.1 ± 0.1
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.87%
α (α emission)1.13%

202Po

Nombor jisim202
nombor neutron118
jisim atom relatif
201.980738934 ± 0.000009307 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
44.6 ± 0.4 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.08%
α (α emission)1.92%

203Po

Nombor jisim203
nombor neutron119
jisim atom relatif
202.981416072 ± 0.000004981 Da
g-factor
0.296 ± 0.02
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
36.7 ± 0.5 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.17 ± 0.1
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.89%
α (α emission)0.11%

204Po

Nombor jisim204
nombor neutron120
jisim atom relatif
203.980310078 ± 0.000010811 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.519 ± 0.012 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.33%
α (α emission)0.67%

205Po

Nombor jisim205
nombor neutron121
jisim atom relatif
204.981190006 ± 0.000010798 Da
g-factor
0.304 ± 0.024
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.74 ± 0.08 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.96%
α (α emission)0.04%

206Po

Nombor jisim206
nombor neutron122
jisim atom relatif
205.980473662 ± 0.000004306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.8 ± 0.1 d
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1947
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)94.55%
α (α emission)5.45%

207Po

Nombor jisim207
nombor neutron123
jisim atom relatif
206.981593334 ± 0.000007148 Da
g-factor
0.316 ± 0.024
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.8 ± 0.02 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.28 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1947
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.021%

208Po

Nombor jisim208
nombor neutron124
jisim atom relatif
207.981246035 ± 0.000001795 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.898 ± 0.002 y
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1947
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.0042%

209Po

Nombor jisim209
nombor neutron125
jisim atom relatif
208.982430361 ± 0.000001909 Da
g-factor
1.36 ± 0.16
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
124 ± 3 y
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1949
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)99.546%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)0.454%

210Po

Nombor jisim210
nombor neutron126
jisim atom relatif
209.982873686 ± 0.00000123 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
138.376 ± 0.002 d
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1898
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

211Po

Nombor jisim211
nombor neutron127
jisim atom relatif
210.986653171 ± 0.000001347 Da
g-factor
-0.26666666666667 ± 0.017777777777778
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
516 ± 3 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.77 ± 0.15
tarikh penemuan1913
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

212Po

Nombor jisim212
nombor neutron128
jisim atom relatif
211.988867982 ± 0.000001237 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
294.4 ± 0.8 ns
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1906
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

213Po

Nombor jisim213
nombor neutron129
jisim atom relatif
212.992857154 ± 0.000003277 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.705 ± 0.001 us
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1947
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

214Po

Nombor jisim214
nombor neutron130
jisim atom relatif
213.995201287 ± 0.000001556 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
163.47 ± 0.03 us
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1912
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

215Po

Nombor jisim215
nombor neutron131
jisim atom relatif
214.999418385 ± 0.000002276 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.781 ± 0.005 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1911
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
β (β decay)2.3%

216Po

Nombor jisim216
nombor neutron132
jisim atom relatif
216.001913416 ± 0.000001948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
144 ± 0.6 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1910
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%
(double β decay)

217Po

Nombor jisim217
nombor neutron133
jisim atom relatif
217.006316145 ± 0.000007025 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.53 ± 0.05 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1956
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)97.5%
β (β decay)2.5%

218Po

Nombor jisim218
nombor neutron134
jisim atom relatif
218.008971234 ± 0.000002112 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.097 ± 0.012 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1904
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)99.98%
β (β decay)0.02%

219Po

Nombor jisim219
nombor neutron135
jisim atom relatif
219.013614 ± 0.000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.3 ± 1 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1998
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)71.8%
α (α emission)28.2%

220Po

Nombor jisim220
nombor neutron136
jisim atom relatif
220.016386 ± 0.000019 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1998
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

221Po

Nombor jisim221
nombor neutron137
jisim atom relatif
221.021228 ± 0.000021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.2 ± 0.7 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

222Po

Nombor jisim222
nombor neutron138
jisim atom relatif
222.02414 ± 0.000043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.1 ± 7.2 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

223Po

Nombor jisim223
nombor neutron139
jisim atom relatif
223.02907 ± 0.00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

224Po

Nombor jisim224
nombor neutron140
jisim atom relatif
224.03211 ± 0.00021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

225Po

Nombor jisim225
nombor neutron141
jisim atom relatif
225.037123 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

226Po

Nombor jisim226
nombor neutron142
jisim atom relatif
226.04031 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)

227Po

Nombor jisim227
nombor neutron143
jisim atom relatif
227.04539 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
2019-11-22 Spark plugs and static eliminators with radioactive polonium at museum display
671067N
Electron shell 084 polonium
Polonium spectrum visible

sejarah

penemu atau perekaPierre and Marie Curie
tempat penemuanFrance
tarikh penemuan1898
EtimologiNamed for Poland, native country of Marie Curie.
sebutanpeh-LOW-ni-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.0000000002 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.000000000000015 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
0 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
natural abundance (Matahari)
Abundance in Universe
0 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.6232
2p4.5428
2s22.0782
3d13.428
3p23.2851
3s24.3813
4d36.3328
4f37.8416
4p36.3328
4s35.4784
5d58.696
5p53.9755
5s51.977
6p69.7794
6s67.6692