Sumpor

Sumpor (S)

hemijski element sa simbolom S i atomskim brojem 16
Atomic Number16
Atomic Weight32.06
Maseni broj32
Group16
Period3
Blockp
Proton16 p+
Neutron16 n0
Elektron16 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of S (Sumpor)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
100 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
103 pm
Metallic Radius
104 pm
Ionski radijus
184 pm
Crystal Radius
170 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
180 pm
gustoća
2,07 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Sumpor0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
664,3 kJ/mol
electron affinity
2,07710403 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,36001 eV/particle
ionization energy of S (Sumpor)
Toplota isparavanja
10,5 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
1,23 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
277,17 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 6
Bohrov model atoma: S (Sumpor)
Valentni elektron6
Lewis structure: S (Sumpor)
electron configuration[Ne] 3s2 3p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of S (Sumpor)
Orbital Diagram of S (Sumpor)
oksidacijsko stanje-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegativnost
2.58
Electrophilicity Index
2,3343529124239053 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
717,76 K
Melting Point
368,35 K
critical pressure
20,7 MPa
Kritična temperatura
1.314,15 K
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Yellow
appearancelemon yellow sintered microcrystals
Indeks prelamanja
1,001111
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,27 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,708 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Specifična električna provodljivost
0,000000000000000000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
1.000.000.000.000.000 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000062 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000199 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000122
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
10,47 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2 MPa
bulk modulus
7,7 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
klasifikacija
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number96
Mendeleev Number100
Pettifor Number94
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
640,2 kJ/mol
polarizability
19,4 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
134 a₀
allotropeRhombic Sulphur, Monoclinic Sulphur, Amorphous Sulphur
Neutron cross section
0,52
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
Kvantni brojevi3P2
space group70 (Fddd)

Isotopes of Sulfur

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes20
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition3294.86%3294.86%344.37%344.37%330.76%330.76%360.02%360.02%

26S

Maseni broj26
broj neutrona10
relative atomic mass
26,029716 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
2p (2-proton emission)

27S

Maseni broj27
broj neutrona11
relative atomic mass
27,018777 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
16,3 ± 0,2 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)61%
2p (2-proton emission)3%

28S

Maseni broj28
broj neutrona12
relative atomic mass
28,004372762 ± 0,000171767 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
125 ± 10 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)20.7%

29S

Maseni broj29
broj neutrona13
relative atomic mass
28,996678 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
188 ± 4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)46.4%

30S

Maseni broj30
broj neutrona14
relative atomic mass
29,98490677 ± 0,000000221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,1798 ± 0,0003 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31S

Maseni broj31
broj neutrona15
relative atomic mass
30,979557002 ± 0,000000246 Da
g-factor
0,97586 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,5534 ± 0,0018 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

32S

Maseni broj32
broj neutrona16
relative atomic mass
31,97207117354 ± 0,00000000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
94,85 ± 2,55
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

33S

Maseni broj33
broj neutrona17
relative atomic mass
32,97145890862 ± 0,00000000144 Da
g-factor
0,42883333333333 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
0,763 ± 0,02
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,694 ± 0,004
datum otkrića1926
parity+

34S

Maseni broj34
broj neutrona18
relative atomic mass
33,967867011 ± 0,000000047 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,365 ± 0,235
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1926
parity+

35S

Maseni broj35
broj neutrona19
relative atomic mass
34,969032321 ± 0,000000043 Da
g-factor
0,66666666666667 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
87,37 ± 0,04 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,483 ± 0,003
datum otkrića1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

36S

Maseni broj36
broj neutrona20
relative atomic mass
35,967080692 ± 0,000000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,0158 ± 0,0017
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1938
parity+

37S

Maseni broj37
broj neutrona21
relative atomic mass
36,9711255 ± 0,000000212 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,05 ± 0,02 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

38S

Maseni broj38
broj neutrona22
relative atomic mass
37,9711633 ± 0,000007699 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
170,3 ± 0,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

39S

Maseni broj39
broj neutrona23
relative atomic mass
38,97513385 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,5 ± 0,5 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

40S

Maseni broj40
broj neutrona24
relative atomic mass
39,975482561 ± 0,000004274 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,8 ± 2,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

41S

Maseni broj41
broj neutrona25
relative atomic mass
40,979593451 ± 0,0000044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,99 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

42S

Maseni broj42
broj neutrona26
relative atomic mass
41,9810651 ± 0,000003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,016 ± 0,015 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

43S

Maseni broj43
broj neutrona27
relative atomic mass
42,986907635 ± 0,000005335 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
265 ± 13 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)40%

44S

Maseni broj44
broj neutrona28
relative atomic mass
43,990118846 ± 0,0000056 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
100 ± 1 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)18%

45S

Maseni broj45
broj neutrona29
relative atomic mass
44,996414 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
68 ± 2 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)54%
2n (2-neutron emission)

46S

Maseni broj46
broj neutrona30
relative atomic mass
46,000687 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
50 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47S

Maseni broj47
broj neutrona31
relative atomic mass
47,00773 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

48S

Maseni broj48
broj neutrona32
relative atomic mass
48,013301 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49S

Maseni broj49
broj neutrona33
relative atomic mass
49,021891 ± 0,000626 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sulfur - El Desierto mine, San Pablo de Napa, Daniel Campos Province, Potosí, Bolivia

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljKnown to the ancients.
mjesto otkrića
datum otkrića
EtimologijaLatin: sulphur (brimstone).
pronunciationSUL-fer (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
350 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
905 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,2 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
4 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,04 %
Abundance in Universe
0,05 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4591
2p4.023
2s5.3712
3p10.5181
3s9.6331