Sulfur, ²Belerang

Sulfur, ²Belerang (S)

chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16
Atomic Number16
Atomic Weight32.06
Nombor jisim32
Group16
Period3
Blockp
proton16 p+
neutron16 n0
Elektron16 e-
Animated Model Bohr of S (Sulfur, ²Belerang)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
100 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
103 pm
Metallic Radius
104 pm
ionic radius
184 pm
Crystal Radius
170 pm
Jejari van der Waals
180 pm
ketumpatan
2.07 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Sulfur, ²Belerang0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
664.3 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
2.07710403 eV/particle
ionization energy
10.36001 eV/particle
ionization energy of S (Sulfur, ²Belerang)
Entalpi pengewapan
10.5 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
1.23 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
277.17 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 6
Model Bohr: S (Sulfur, ²Belerang)
Elektron valens6
Teori ion Lewis: S (Sulfur, ²Belerang)
tatarajah elektron[Ne] 3s2 3p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Enhanced Model Bohr of S (Sulfur, ²Belerang)
Orbital Diagram of S (Sulfur, ²Belerang)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Keelektronegatifan
2.58
Electrophilicity Index
2.3343529124239053 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
717.76 K
Melting Point
368.35 K
critical pressure
20.7 MPa
critical temperature
1,314.15 K
triple point
rupa
warna
Yellow
rupalemon yellow sintered microcrystals
indeks biasan
1.001111
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
0.27 W/(m K)
Pengembangan terma
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0.708 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
Kekonduksian elektrik
0.000000000000000000001 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
1,000,000,000,000,000 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000062 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000199 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000122
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureFace Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
10.47 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2 MPa
Modulus pukal
7.7 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Nisbah Poisson
Kelajuan bunyi
pengelasan
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number96
Mendeleev Number100
Pettifor Number94
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
640.2 kJ/mol
polarizability
19.4 ± 0.1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
134 a₀
allotropeRhombic Sulphur, Monoclinic Sulphur, Amorphous Sulphur
Neutron cross section
0.52
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.00055
Nombor kuantum3P2
space group70 (Fddd)

Isotopes of Sulfur

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes20
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition3294.86%3294.86%344.37%344.37%330.76%330.76%360.02%360.02%

26S

Nombor jisim26
nombor neutron10
jisim atom relatif
26.029716 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
2p (2-proton emission)

27S

Nombor jisim27
nombor neutron11
jisim atom relatif
27.018777 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
16.3 ± 0.2 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1986
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)61%
2p (2-proton emission)3%

28S

Nombor jisim28
nombor neutron12
jisim atom relatif
28.004372762 ± 0.000171767 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
125 ± 10 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)20.7%

29S

Nombor jisim29
nombor neutron13
jisim atom relatif
28.996678 ± 0.000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
188 ± 4 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1964
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)46.4%

30S

Nombor jisim30
nombor neutron14
jisim atom relatif
29.98490677 ± 0.000000221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.1798 ± 0.0003 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1961
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31S

Nombor jisim31
nombor neutron15
jisim atom relatif
30.979557002 ± 0.000000246 Da
g-factor
0.97586 ± 0.00016
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.5534 ± 0.0018 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1940
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

32S

Nombor jisim32
nombor neutron16
jisim atom relatif
31.97207117354 ± 0.00000000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
94.85 ± 2.55
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1920
parity+

33S

Nombor jisim33
nombor neutron17
jisim atom relatif
32.97145890862 ± 0.00000000144 Da
g-factor
0.42883333333333 ± 0.000013333333333333
natural abundance
0.763 ± 0.02
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.694 ± 0.004
tarikh penemuan1926
parity+

34S

Nombor jisim34
nombor neutron18
jisim atom relatif
33.967867011 ± 0.000000047 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4.365 ± 0.235
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1926
parity+

35S

Nombor jisim35
nombor neutron19
jisim atom relatif
34.969032321 ± 0.000000043 Da
g-factor
0.66666666666667 ± 0.026666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
87.37 ± 0.04 d
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.483 ± 0.003
tarikh penemuan1936
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

36S

Nombor jisim36
nombor neutron20
jisim atom relatif
35.967080692 ± 0.000000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.0158 ± 0.0017
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

37S

Nombor jisim37
nombor neutron21
jisim atom relatif
36.9711255 ± 0.000000212 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.05 ± 0.02 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1945
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

38S

Nombor jisim38
nombor neutron22
jisim atom relatif
37.9711633 ± 0.000007699 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
170.3 ± 0.7 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

39S

Nombor jisim39
nombor neutron23
jisim atom relatif
38.97513385 ± 0.000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
11.5 ± 0.5 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1971
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

40S

Nombor jisim40
nombor neutron24
jisim atom relatif
39.975482561 ± 0.000004274 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.8 ± 2.2 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1971
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

41S

Nombor jisim41
nombor neutron25
jisim atom relatif
40.979593451 ± 0.0000044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.99 ± 0.05 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

42S

Nombor jisim42
nombor neutron26
jisim atom relatif
41.9810651 ± 0.000003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.016 ± 0.015 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

43S

Nombor jisim43
nombor neutron27
jisim atom relatif
42.986907635 ± 0.000005335 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
265 ± 13 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)40%

44S

Nombor jisim44
nombor neutron28
jisim atom relatif
43.990118846 ± 0.0000056 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
100 ± 1 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)18%

45S

Nombor jisim45
nombor neutron29
jisim atom relatif
44.996414 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
68 ± 2 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1989
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)54%
2n (2-neutron emission)

46S

Nombor jisim46
nombor neutron30
jisim atom relatif
46.000687 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
50 ± 8 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1989
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47S

Nombor jisim47
nombor neutron31
jisim atom relatif
47.00773 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1989
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

48S

Nombor jisim48
nombor neutron32
jisim atom relatif
48.013301 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1990
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49S

Nombor jisim49
nombor neutron33
jisim atom relatif
49.021891 ± 0.000626 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sulfur - El Desierto mine, San Pablo de Napa, Daniel Campos Province, Potosí, Bolivia

sejarah

penemu atau perekaKnown to the ancients.
tempat penemuan
tarikh penemuan
EtimologiLatin: sulphur (brimstone).
sebutanSUL-fer (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
350 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
905 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
0.2 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
4 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.04 %
Abundance in Universe
0.05 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4591
2p4.023
2s5.3712
3p10.5181
3s9.6331