Sulfur, ²Squfuri

Sulfur, ²Squfuri (S)

chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16
Atomic Number16
Atomic Weight32.06
Numri i masës32
Group16
Period3
Blockp
protoni16 p+
neutroni16 n0
elektroni16 e-
Animated Bohr model of S (Sulfur, ²Squfuri)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
100 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
103 pm
Metallic Radius
104 pm
ionic radius
184 pm
Crystal Radius
170 pm
Van der Waals radius
180 pm
density
2,07 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Sulfur, ²Squfuri0153045607590105120135150165180pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
664,3 kJ/mol
electron affinity
2,07710403 eV/particle
ionization energy
10,36001 eV/particle
ionization energy of S (Sulfur, ²Squfuri)
enthalpy of vaporization
10,5 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
1,23 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
277,17 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 6
Bohr model: S (Sulfur, ²Squfuri)
valence electron6
Lewis structure: S (Sulfur, ²Squfuri)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Ne] 3s2 3p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Enhanced Bohr model of S (Sulfur, ²Squfuri)
Orbital Diagram of S (Sulfur, ²Squfuri)
oxidation number-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegativiteti
2.58
Electrophilicity Index
2,3343529124239053 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
717,76 K
Melting Point
368,35 K
critical pressure
20,7 MPa
critical temperature
1 314,15 K
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Yellow
appearancelemon yellow sintered microcrystals
refractive index
1,001111
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,27 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
Specific Heat Capacity
0,708 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeInsulator
electrical conductivity
0,000000000000000000001 MS/m
electrical resistivity
1 000 000 000 000 000 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000062 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000199 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000122
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Orthorhombic (ORC)
lattice constant
10,47 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
2 MPa
bulk modulus
7,7 GPa
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Shpejtësia e zërit
klasifikim
CategoryOther nonmetals, Nonmetals
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number96
Mendeleev Number100
Pettifor Number94
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
640,2 kJ/mol
polarizability
19,4 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
134 a₀
allotropeRhombic Sulphur, Monoclinic Sulphur, Amorphous Sulphur
Neutron cross section
0,52
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00055
numër kuantik3P2
space group70 (Fddd)

Isotopes of Sulfur

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes20
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition3294.86%3294.86%344.37%344.37%330.76%330.76%360.02%360.02%

26S

Numri i masës26
numri i neutroneve10
relative atomic mass
26,029716 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
2p (2-proton emission)

27S

Numri i masës27
numri i neutroneve11
relative atomic mass
27,018777 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,3 ± 0,2 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1986
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)61%
2p (2-proton emission)3%

28S

Numri i masës28
numri i neutroneve12
relative atomic mass
28,004372762 ± 0,000171767 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
125 ± 10 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)20.7%

29S

Numri i masës29
numri i neutroneve13
relative atomic mass
28,996678 ± 0,000014 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
188 ± 4 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1964
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)46.4%

30S

Numri i masës30
numri i neutroneve14
relative atomic mass
29,98490677 ± 0,000000221 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,1798 ± 0,0003 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1961
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

31S

Numri i masës31
numri i neutroneve15
relative atomic mass
30,979557002 ± 0,000000246 Da
g-factor
0,97586 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5534 ± 0,0018 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

32S

Numri i masës32
numri i neutroneve16
relative atomic mass
31,97207117354 ± 0,00000000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
94,85 ± 2,55
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

33S

Numri i masës33
numri i neutroneve17
relative atomic mass
32,97145890862 ± 0,00000000144 Da
g-factor
0,42883333333333 ± 0,000013333333333333
natural abundance
0,763 ± 0,02
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,694 ± 0,004
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1926
parity+

34S

Numri i masës34
numri i neutroneve18
relative atomic mass
33,967867011 ± 0,000000047 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,365 ± 0,235
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1926
parity+

35S

Numri i masës35
numri i neutroneve19
relative atomic mass
34,969032321 ± 0,000000043 Da
g-factor
0,66666666666667 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
87,37 ± 0,04 d
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,483 ± 0,003
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1936
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

36S

Numri i masës36
numri i neutroneve20
relative atomic mass
35,967080692 ± 0,000000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,0158 ± 0,0017
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1938
parity+

37S

Numri i masës37
numri i neutroneve21
relative atomic mass
36,9711255 ± 0,000000212 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,05 ± 0,02 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1945
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

38S

Numri i masës38
numri i neutroneve22
relative atomic mass
37,9711633 ± 0,000007699 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
170,3 ± 0,7 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1958
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

39S

Numri i masës39
numri i neutroneve23
relative atomic mass
38,97513385 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,5 ± 0,5 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

40S

Numri i masës40
numri i neutroneve24
relative atomic mass
39,975482561 ± 0,000004274 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,8 ± 2,2 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1971
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

41S

Numri i masës41
numri i neutroneve25
relative atomic mass
40,979593451 ± 0,0000044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,99 ± 0,05 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

42S

Numri i masës42
numri i neutroneve26
relative atomic mass
41,9810651 ± 0,000003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,016 ± 0,015 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

43S

Numri i masës43
numri i neutroneve27
relative atomic mass
42,986907635 ± 0,000005335 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
265 ± 13 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)40%

44S

Numri i masës44
numri i neutroneve28
relative atomic mass
43,990118846 ± 0,0000056 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
100 ± 1 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)18%

45S

Numri i masës45
numri i neutroneve29
relative atomic mass
44,996414 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
68 ± 2 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)54%
2n (2-neutron emission)

46S

Numri i masës46
numri i neutroneve30
relative atomic mass
46,000687 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
50 ± 8 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

47S

Numri i masës47
numri i neutroneve31
relative atomic mass
47,00773 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

48S

Numri i masës48
numri i neutroneve32
relative atomic mass
48,013301 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1990
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

49S

Numri i masës49
numri i neutroneve33
relative atomic mass
49,021891 ± 0,000626 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Sulfur - El Desierto mine, San Pablo de Napa, Daniel Campos Province, Potosí, Bolivia

historia

zbuluesKnown to the ancients.
vendndodhja e zbulimit
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
EtimologjiaLatin: sulphur (brimstone).
pronunciationSUL-fer (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
350 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
905 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,2 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
4 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,04 %
Abundance in Universe
0,05 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.4591
2p4.023
2s5.3712
3p10.5181
3s9.6331