Antimoon

Antimoon (Sb)

chemical element with symbol Sb and atomic number of 51
Atomic Number51
Atomic Weight121.76
Massagetal121
Group15
Period5
Blockp
proton51 p+
neutron70 n0
elektron51 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sb (Antimoon)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
145 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
Ioonradius
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waals radius
206 pm
density
6,68 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Antimoon0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,608389 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sb (Antimoon)
Verdampingswarmte
195,2 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
20,08 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
264,4 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohr model: Sb (Antimoon)
Valenselektrone5
Lewisteorie: Sb (Antimoon)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Sb (Antimoon)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Antimoon)
Oksidasietoestand-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatiwiteit
2.05
Electrophilicity Index
1,540637934707554 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 860,15 K
Melting Point
903,778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
24,43 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,207 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
2,5 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,0000004 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000109 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000001327 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000073
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
3 MPa
Massamodulus
42 GPa
Skuifmodulus
20 GPa
Young se modulus
55 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
3 420 m/s
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
allotropeWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Neutron cross section
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0016
quantum number4S3/2
Ruimtegroep166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Antimony

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition12157.21%12157.21%12342.79%12342.79%

102Sb

Massagetal102
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
101,945142 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

103Sb

Massagetal103
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
102,939162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

104Sb

Massagetal104
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
103,936344 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
470 ± 130 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)

105Sb

Massagetal105
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
104,931276547 ± 0,000023431 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,12 ± 0,16 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

106Sb

Massagetal106
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
105,928637979 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
600 ± 200 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

Massagetal107
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
106,924150621 ± 0,000004452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

Massagetal108
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
107,922226731 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
7,4 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

Massagetal109
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
108,918141203 ± 0,000005652 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
17,2 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

Massagetal110
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
109,916854283 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
23,6 ± 0,3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

Massagetal111
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
110,913218187 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
75 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

Massagetal112
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
111,912399903 ± 0,00001914 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
53,5 ± 0,6 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

Massagetal113
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
112,909374664 ± 0,000018457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,67 ± 0,07 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

Massagetal114
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
113,909289155 ± 0,000021226 Da
g-factor
0,57333333333333 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,49 ± 0,03 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

Massagetal115
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
114,906598 ± 0,000017203 Da
g-factor
1,384 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32,1 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

Massagetal116
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
115,906792732 ± 0,000005533 Da
g-factor
0,905 ± 0,003
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15,8 ± 0,8 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

Massagetal117
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
116,904841519 ± 0,000009057 Da
g-factor
1,372 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,97 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 1,2
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

Massagetal118
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
117,905532194 ± 0,000003237 Da
g-factor
2,46 ± 0,07
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,6 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

Massagetal119
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
118,903944062 ± 0,000007512 Da
g-factor
1,38 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
38,19 ± 0,22 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

Massagetal120
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
119,905080308 ± 0,000007728 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,2
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15,89 ± 0,04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

Massagetal121
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
120,903811353 ± 0,00000269 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
57,21 ± 0,05
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,543 ± 0,011
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

122Sb

Massagetal122
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
121,905169335 ± 0,000002687 Da
g-factor
-0,95 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,7238 ± 0,0002 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,28 ± 0,08
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

Massagetal123
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
122,904215292 ± 0,000001456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
42,79 ± 0,05
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,692 ± 0,014
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

124Sb

Massagetal124
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
123,905937065 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0,4 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
60,2 ± 0,03 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,2
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

Massagetal125
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
124,905254264 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0,75142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,7576 ± 0,0011 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

Massagetal126
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
125,907253158 ± 0,000034189 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,00875
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
12,35 ± 0,06 d
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

Massagetal127
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
126,906925557 ± 0,000005457 Da
g-factor
0,77142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,85 ± 0,05 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

Massagetal128
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
127,909146121 ± 0,000020169 Da
g-factor
0,1625 ± 0,025
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,05 ± 0,04 h
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

Massagetal129
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
128,909146623 ± 0,000022786 Da
g-factor
0,79714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,366 ± 0,026 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

Massagetal130
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
129,911662686 ± 0,000015257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

Massagetal131
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
130,911989339 ± 0,000002236 Da
g-factor
0,82571428571429 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
23,03 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

Massagetal132
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
131,914508013 ± 0,000002648 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,79 ± 0,07 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1956
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

Massagetal133
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
132,915272128 ± 0,000003357 Da
g-factor
0,85714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,34 ± 0,05 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

Massagetal134
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
133,920537334 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
674 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

135Sb

Massagetal135
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
134,925184354 ± 0,000002834 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,668 ± 0,009 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

Massagetal136
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
135,930749009 ± 0,000006258 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
923 ± 14 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

Massagetal137
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
136,935522519 ± 0,000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
497 ± 21 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sb

Massagetal138
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
137,941331 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
333 ± 7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sb

Massagetal139
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
138,946269 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
182 ± 9 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sb

Massagetal140
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
139,952345 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
170 ± 6 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

Massagetal141
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
140,957552 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
103 ± 29 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Sb

Massagetal142
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
141,963918 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
80 ± 50 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Antimony-2

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurKnown to the ancients.
ligging van ontdekking
ontdekkingsdatum
etimologieGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
uitspraakAN-teh-MOH-ni (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,00024 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389