Antimoni

Antimoni (Sb)

chemical element with symbol Sb and atomic number of 51
Atomic Number51
Atomic Weight121.76
Rhif màs121
Group15
Period5
Blockp
Proton51 p+
Niwtron70 n0
Electron51 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sb (Antimoni)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
145 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
ionic radius
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waals radius
206 pm
density
6.68 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Antimoni0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8.608389 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sb (Antimoni)
enthalpy of vaporization
195.2 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
20.08 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
264.4 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohr model: Sb (Antimoni)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Sb (Antimoni)
trefn yr electronnau[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Sb (Antimoni)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Antimoni)
Cyflwr ocsidiad-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Electronegatifedd
2.05
Electrophilicity Index
1.540637934707554 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,860.15 K
Melting Point
903.778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
lliw
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
24.43 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0.000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.207 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
2.5 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.0000004 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000109 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000001327 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.000073
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
4.51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
3 MPa
bulk modulus
42 GPa
shear modulus
20 GPa
Young's modulus
55 GPa
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
3,420 m/s
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
allotropeWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Neutron cross section
5.4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0016
quantum number4S3/2
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Antimony

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition12157.21%12157.21%12342.79%12342.79%

102Sb

Rhif màs102
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
101.945142 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

103Sb

Rhif màs103
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
102.939162 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

104Sb

Rhif màs104
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
103.936344 ± 0.000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
470 ± 130 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)

105Sb

Rhif màs105
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
104.931276547 ± 0.000023431 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.12 ± 0.16 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

106Sb

Rhif màs106
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
105.928637979 ± 0.000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
600 ± 200 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

Rhif màs107
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
106.924150621 ± 0.000004452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4 ± 0.2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

Rhif màs108
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
107.922226731 ± 0.0000059 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
7.4 ± 0.3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

Rhif màs109
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
108.918141203 ± 0.000005652 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
17.2 ± 0.5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

Rhif màs110
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
109.916854283 ± 0.0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
23.6 ± 0.3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

Rhif màs111
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
110.913218187 ± 0.0000095 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
75 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

Rhif màs112
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
111.912399903 ± 0.00001914 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
53.5 ± 0.6 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

Rhif màs113
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
112.909374664 ± 0.000018457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
6.67 ± 0.07 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

Rhif màs114
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
113.909289155 ± 0.000021226 Da
g-factor
0.57333333333333 ± 0.026666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.49 ± 0.03 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

Rhif màs115
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
114.906598 ± 0.000017203 Da
g-factor
1.384 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
32.1 ± 0.3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

Rhif màs116
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
115.906792732 ± 0.000005533 Da
g-factor
0.905 ± 0.003
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
15.8 ± 0.8 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

Rhif màs117
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
116.904841519 ± 0.000009057 Da
g-factor
1.372 ± 0.024
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.97 ± 0.02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 1.2
dyddiad darganfod1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

Rhif màs118
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
117.905532194 ± 0.000003237 Da
g-factor
2.46 ± 0.07
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.6 ± 0.1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

Rhif màs119
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
118.903944062 ± 0.000007512 Da
g-factor
1.38 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
38.19 ± 0.22 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

Rhif màs120
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
119.905080308 ± 0.000007728 Da
g-factor
2.3 ± 0.2
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
15.89 ± 0.04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

Rhif màs121
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
120.903811353 ± 0.00000269 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
57.21 ± 0.05
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.543 ± 0.011
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

122Sb

Rhif màs122
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
121.905169335 ± 0.000002687 Da
g-factor
-0.95 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.7238 ± 0.0002 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.28 ± 0.08
dyddiad darganfod1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

Rhif màs123
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
122.904215292 ± 0.000001456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
42.79 ± 0.05
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.692 ± 0.014
dyddiad darganfod1922
parity+

124Sb

Rhif màs124
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
123.905937065 ± 0.000001457 Da
g-factor
0.4 ± 0.0066666666666667
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
60.2 ± 0.03 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.8 ± 0.2
dyddiad darganfod1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

Rhif màs125
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
124.905254264 ± 0.0000027 Da
g-factor
0.75142857142857 ± 0.011428571428571
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.7576 ± 0.0011 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

Rhif màs126
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
125.907253158 ± 0.000034189 Da
g-factor
0.16 ± 0.00875
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
12.35 ± 0.06 d
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

Rhif màs127
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
126.906925557 ± 0.000005457 Da
g-factor
0.77142857142857 ± 0.011428571428571
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.85 ± 0.05 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

Rhif màs128
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
127.909146121 ± 0.000020169 Da
g-factor
0.1625 ± 0.025
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
9.05 ± 0.04 h
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

Rhif màs129
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
128.909146623 ± 0.000022786 Da
g-factor
0.79714285714286 ± 0.011428571428571
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.366 ± 0.026 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

Rhif màs130
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
129.911662686 ± 0.000015257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
39.5 ± 0.8 m
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

Rhif màs131
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
130.911989339 ± 0.000002236 Da
g-factor
0.82571428571429 ± 0.011428571428571
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
23.03 ± 0.04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

Rhif màs132
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
131.914508013 ± 0.000002648 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.79 ± 0.07 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1956
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

Rhif màs133
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
132.915272128 ± 0.000003357 Da
g-factor
0.85714285714286 ± 0.011428571428571
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.34 ± 0.05 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

Rhif màs134
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
133.920537334 ± 0.0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
674 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

135Sb

Rhif màs135
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
134.925184354 ± 0.000002834 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.668 ± 0.009 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

Rhif màs136
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
135.930749009 ± 0.000006258 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
923 ± 14 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

Rhif màs137
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
136.935522519 ± 0.000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
497 ± 21 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sb

Rhif màs138
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
137.941331 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
333 ± 7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sb

Rhif màs139
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
138.946269 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
182 ± 9 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sb

Rhif màs140
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
139.952345 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
170 ± 6 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

Rhif màs141
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
140.957552 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
103 ± 29 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Sb

Rhif màs142
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
141.963918 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
80 ± 50 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Antimony-2

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrKnown to the ancients.
man darganfod
dyddiad darganfod
geirdarddiadGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
ynganiadAN-teh-MOH-ni (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.2 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.00024 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.000012 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389