Antimonioa

Antimonioa (Sb)

51 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number51
Atomic Weight121.76
masa-zenbaki121
Group15
Period5
Blockp
protoi51 p+
neutroi70 n0
elektroi51 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Sb (Antimonioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
145 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
Erradio ioniko
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
206 pm
dentsitatea
6,68 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Antimonioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
8,608389 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Sb (Antimonioa)
Irakite-entalpia
195,2 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
20,08 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
264,4 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Sb (Antimonioa)
balentzia-elektroi5
Lewis egitura: Sb (Antimonioa)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Sb (Antimonioa)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Antimonioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatibotasun
2.05
Electrophilicity Index
1,540637934707554 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.860,15 K
Melting Point
903,778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
24,43 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,207 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
2,5 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,0000004 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000109 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000001327 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,000073
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
3 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
42 GPa
Zizaila modulua
20 GPa
Youngen modulu
55 GPa
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
3.420 m/s
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
allotropeWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Neutron cross section
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0016
zenbaki kuantiko4S3/2
talde espazial166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Antimony

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition12157.21%12157.21%12342.79%12342.79%

102Sb

masa-zenbaki102
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
101,945142 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

103Sb

masa-zenbaki103
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
102,939162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

104Sb

masa-zenbaki104
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
103,936344 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
470 ± 130 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)

105Sb

masa-zenbaki105
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
104,931276547 ± 0,000023431 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,12 ± 0,16 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

106Sb

masa-zenbaki106
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
105,928637979 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
600 ± 200 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

masa-zenbaki107
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
106,924150621 ± 0,000004452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,922226731 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,4 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,918141203 ± 0,000005652 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,2 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

masa-zenbaki110
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
109,916854283 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,6 ± 0,3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

masa-zenbaki111
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
110,913218187 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
75 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

masa-zenbaki112
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
111,912399903 ± 0,00001914 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
53,5 ± 0,6 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

masa-zenbaki113
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
112,909374664 ± 0,000018457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,67 ± 0,07 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

masa-zenbaki114
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
113,909289155 ± 0,000021226 Da
g-factor
0,57333333333333 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,49 ± 0,03 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

masa-zenbaki115
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
114,906598 ± 0,000017203 Da
g-factor
1,384 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32,1 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

masa-zenbaki116
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
115,906792732 ± 0,000005533 Da
g-factor
0,905 ± 0,003
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15,8 ± 0,8 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

masa-zenbaki117
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
116,904841519 ± 0,000009057 Da
g-factor
1,372 ± 0,024
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,97 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 1,2
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

masa-zenbaki118
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
117,905532194 ± 0,000003237 Da
g-factor
2,46 ± 0,07
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,6 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,903944062 ± 0,000007512 Da
g-factor
1,38 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
38,19 ± 0,22 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,905080308 ± 0,000007728 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,2
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15,89 ± 0,04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,903811353 ± 0,00000269 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
57,21 ± 0,05
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,543 ± 0,011
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

122Sb

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,905169335 ± 0,000002687 Da
g-factor
−0,95 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,7238 ± 0,0002 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,28 ± 0,08
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,904215292 ± 0,000001456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
42,79 ± 0,05
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,692 ± 0,014
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

124Sb

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,905937065 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0,4 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
60,2 ± 0,03 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,2
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,905254264 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0,75142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,7576 ± 0,0011 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

masa-zenbaki126
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
125,907253158 ± 0,000034189 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,00875
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,35 ± 0,06 d
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

masa-zenbaki127
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
126,906925557 ± 0,000005457 Da
g-factor
0,77142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,85 ± 0,05 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

masa-zenbaki128
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
127,909146121 ± 0,000020169 Da
g-factor
0,1625 ± 0,025
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,05 ± 0,04 h
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

masa-zenbaki129
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
128,909146623 ± 0,000022786 Da
g-factor
0,79714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,366 ± 0,026 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

masa-zenbaki130
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
129,911662686 ± 0,000015257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

masa-zenbaki131
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
130,911989339 ± 0,000002236 Da
g-factor
0,82571428571429 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,03 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

masa-zenbaki132
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
131,914508013 ± 0,000002648 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,79 ± 0,07 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

masa-zenbaki133
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
132,915272128 ± 0,000003357 Da
g-factor
0,85714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,34 ± 0,05 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

masa-zenbaki134
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
133,920537334 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
674 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

135Sb

masa-zenbaki135
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
134,925184354 ± 0,000002834 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,668 ± 0,009 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

masa-zenbaki136
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
135,930749009 ± 0,000006258 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
923 ± 14 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

masa-zenbaki137
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
136,935522519 ± 0,000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
497 ± 21 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sb

masa-zenbaki138
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
137,941331 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
333 ± 7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sb

masa-zenbaki139
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
138,946269 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
182 ± 9 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sb

masa-zenbaki140
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
139,952345 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
170 ± 6 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

masa-zenbaki141
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
140,957552 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
103 ± 29 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Sb

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,963918 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
80 ± 50 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Antimony-2

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaKnown to the ancients.
aurkikuntzaren lekua
aurkikuntza-data
etimologiaGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
pronunciationAN-teh-MOH-ni (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00024 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389