Antimon

Antimon (Sb)

chemical element with symbol Sb and atomic number of 51
Atomski broj51
Relativna atomska masa121.76
Maseni broj121
Skupina15
Perioda5
Blokp
proton51 p+
neutron70 n0
elektron51 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Sb (Antimon)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
145 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
Ionski radijus
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waals radius
206 pm
gustoća
6,68 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Antimon0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
8,608389 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sb (Antimon)
Toplina isparivanja
195,2 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
20,08 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
264,4 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohrov model atoma: Sb (Antimon)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Sb (Antimon)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Sb (Antimon)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Antimon)
Oksidacijski broj-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
2.05
Electrophilicity Index
1,540637934707554 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
1.860,15 K
Talište
903,778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
24,43 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,23 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,207 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
2,5 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,0000004 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
−0,0000000109 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
−0,000000001327 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
−0,000073
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna Trigonska (RHL)
lattice constant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
3 MPa
bulk modulus
42 GPa
shear modulus
20 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
55 GPa
Poissonov omjer
brzina zvuka
3.420 m/s
classification
KategorijaPolumetali, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
allotropeWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Nuklearni udarni presjek
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0016
Kvantni brojevi4S3/2
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Antimony

Stabilni izotopi2
Nestabilni izotopi39
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition12157.21%12157.21%12342.79%12342.79%

102Sb

Maseni broj102
neutron number51
Relativna atomska masa
101,945142 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

103Sb

Maseni broj103
neutron number52
Relativna atomska masa
102,939162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

104Sb

Maseni broj104
neutron number53
Relativna atomska masa
103,936344 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
470 ± 130 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1995
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)

105Sb

Maseni broj105
neutron number54
Relativna atomska masa
104,931276547 ± 0,000023431 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,12 ± 0,16 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

106Sb

Maseni broj106
neutron number55
Relativna atomska masa
105,928637979 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
600 ± 200 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1981
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

Maseni broj107
neutron number56
Relativna atomska masa
106,924150621 ± 0,000004452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

Maseni broj108
neutron number57
Relativna atomska masa
107,922226731 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,4 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1976
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

Maseni broj109
neutron number58
Relativna atomska masa
108,918141203 ± 0,000005652 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,2 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1976
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

Maseni broj110
neutron number59
Relativna atomska masa
109,916854283 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23,6 ± 0,3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

Maseni broj111
neutron number60
Relativna atomska masa
110,913218187 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
75 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

Maseni broj112
neutron number61
Relativna atomska masa
111,912399903 ± 0,00001914 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
53,5 ± 0,6 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

Maseni broj113
neutron number62
Relativna atomska masa
112,909374664 ± 0,000018457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,67 ± 0,07 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

Maseni broj114
neutron number63
Relativna atomska masa
113,909289155 ± 0,000021226 Da
g-factor
0,57333333333333 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,49 ± 0,03 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

Maseni broj115
neutron number64
Relativna atomska masa
114,906598 ± 0,000017203 Da
g-factor
1,384 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,1 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

Maseni broj116
neutron number65
Relativna atomska masa
115,906792732 ± 0,000005533 Da
g-factor
0,905 ± 0,003
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,8 ± 0,8 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

Maseni broj117
neutron number66
Relativna atomska masa
116,904841519 ± 0,000009057 Da
g-factor
1,372 ± 0,024
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,97 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 1,2
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1947
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

Maseni broj118
neutron number67
Relativna atomska masa
117,905532194 ± 0,000003237 Da
g-factor
2,46 ± 0,07
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,6 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1947
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

Maseni broj119
neutron number68
Relativna atomska masa
118,903944062 ± 0,000007512 Da
g-factor
1,38 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,19 ± 0,22 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1947
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

Maseni broj120
neutron number69
Relativna atomska masa
119,905080308 ± 0,000007728 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,2
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,89 ± 0,04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

Maseni broj121
neutron number70
Relativna atomska masa
120,903811353 ± 0,00000269 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
57,21 ± 0,05
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,543 ± 0,011
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1922
Parnost+

122Sb

Maseni broj122
neutron number71
Relativna atomska masa
121,905169335 ± 0,000002687 Da
g-factor
−0,95 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,7238 ± 0,0002 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,28 ± 0,08
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1939
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

Maseni broj123
neutron number72
Relativna atomska masa
122,904215292 ± 0,000001456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
42,79 ± 0,05
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,692 ± 0,014
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1922
Parnost+

124Sb

Maseni broj124
neutron number73
Relativna atomska masa
123,905937065 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0,4 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60,2 ± 0,03 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,2
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1939
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

Maseni broj125
neutron number74
Relativna atomska masa
124,905254264 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0,75142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,7576 ± 0,0011 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

Maseni broj126
neutron number75
Relativna atomska masa
125,907253158 ± 0,000034189 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,00875
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,35 ± 0,06 d
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1956
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

Maseni broj127
neutron number76
Relativna atomska masa
126,906925557 ± 0,000005457 Da
g-factor
0,77142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,85 ± 0,05 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1939
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

Maseni broj128
neutron number77
Relativna atomska masa
127,909146121 ± 0,000020169 Da
g-factor
0,1625 ± 0,025
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,05 ± 0,04 h
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1956
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

Maseni broj129
neutron number78
Relativna atomska masa
128,909146623 ± 0,000022786 Da
g-factor
0,79714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,366 ± 0,026 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1939
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

Maseni broj130
neutron number79
Relativna atomska masa
129,911662686 ± 0,000015257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1962
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

Maseni broj131
neutron number80
Relativna atomska masa
130,911989339 ± 0,000002236 Da
g-factor
0,82571428571429 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23,03 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1956
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

Maseni broj132
neutron number81
Relativna atomska masa
131,914508013 ± 0,000002648 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,79 ± 0,07 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1956
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

Maseni broj133
neutron number82
Relativna atomska masa
132,915272128 ± 0,000003357 Da
g-factor
0,85714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,34 ± 0,05 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1966
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

Maseni broj134
neutron number83
Relativna atomska masa
133,920537334 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
674 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1967
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

135Sb

Maseni broj135
neutron number84
Relativna atomska masa
134,925184354 ± 0,000002834 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,668 ± 0,009 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

Maseni broj136
neutron number85
Relativna atomska masa
135,930749009 ± 0,000006258 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
923 ± 14 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1976
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

Maseni broj137
neutron number86
Relativna atomska masa
136,935522519 ± 0,000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
497 ± 21 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sb

Maseni broj138
neutron number87
Relativna atomska masa
137,941331 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
333 ± 7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sb

Maseni broj139
neutron number88
Relativna atomska masa
138,946269 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
182 ± 9 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sb

Maseni broj140
neutron number89
Relativna atomska masa
139,952345 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
170 ± 6 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

Maseni broj141
neutron number90
Relativna atomska masa
140,957552 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
103 ± 29 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Sb

Maseni broj142
neutron number91
Relativna atomska masa
141,963918 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
80 ± 50 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Antimony-2

povijest

otkrio/izumioKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
EtimologijaGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
pronunciationAN-teh-MOH-ni (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
0,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,00024 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000001 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389