Сурьма

Сурьма (Sb)

chemical element with symbol Sb and atomic number of 51
Atomic Number51
Atomic Weight121.76
mass number121
Group15
Period5
Blockp
Протон51 p+
Нейтрон70 n0
Электрон51 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sb (Сурьма)

Physical Property

Атомдук Радиус
145 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
ionic radius
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waals radius
206 pm
density
6,68 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Сурьма0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmАтомдук РадиусCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,608389 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sb (Сурьма)
enthalpy of vaporization
195,2 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
20,08 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
264,4 kJ/mol
Электрон
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohr model: Sb (Сурьма)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Sb (Сурьма)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Sb (Сурьма)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Сурьма)
oxidation number-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
electronegativity
2.05
Electrophilicity Index
1,540637934707554 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 860,15 K
Melting Point
903,778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Түс –
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
24,43 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,207 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
2,5 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000004 m Ω
superconductivity
Магнетизм
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000109 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000001327 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000073
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
түзүм
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
lattice constant
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
3 MPa
bulk modulus
42 GPa
shear modulus
20 GPa
Young's modulus
55 GPa
Poisson's ratio
speed of sound
3 420 m/s
classification
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Литофиль элементтериchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
allotropeWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Neutron cross section
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0016
Кванттык сандар4S3/2
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Antimony

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition12157.21%12157.21%12342.79%12342.79%

102Sb

mass number102
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
101,945142 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

103Sb

mass number103
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
102,939162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

104Sb

mass number104
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
103,936344 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
470 ± 130 ms
Спин
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)

105Sb

mass number105
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
104,931276547 ± 0,000023431 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
1,12 ± 0,16 s
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

106Sb

mass number106
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
105,928637979 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
600 ± 200 ms
Спин2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

mass number107
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
106,924150621 ± 0,000004452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
4 ± 0,2 s
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

mass number108
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
107,922226731 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
7,4 ± 0,3 s
Спин4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

mass number109
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
108,918141203 ± 0,000005652 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
17,2 ± 0,5 s
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

mass number110
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
109,916854283 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
23,6 ± 0,3 s
Спин3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

mass number111
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
110,913218187 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
75 ± 1 s
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

mass number112
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
111,912399903 ± 0,00001914 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
53,5 ± 0,6 s
Спин3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

mass number113
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
112,909374664 ± 0,000018457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
6,67 ± 0,07 m
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

mass number114
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
113,909289155 ± 0,000021226 Da
g-factor
0,57333333333333 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
3,49 ± 0,03 m
Спин3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

mass number115
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
114,906598 ± 0,000017203 Da
g-factor
1,384 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
32,1 ± 0,3 m
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

mass number116
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
115,906792732 ± 0,000005533 Da
g-factor
0,905 ± 0,003
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
15,8 ± 0,8 m
Спин3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

mass number117
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
116,904841519 ± 0,000009057 Da
g-factor
1,372 ± 0,024
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,97 ± 0,02 h
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 1,2
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

mass number118
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
117,905532194 ± 0,000003237 Da
g-factor
2,46 ± 0,07
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
3,6 ± 0,1 m
Спин1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

mass number119
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
118,903944062 ± 0,000007512 Da
g-factor
1,38 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
38,19 ± 0,22 h
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

mass number120
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
119,905080308 ± 0,000007728 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,2
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
15,89 ± 0,04 m
Спин1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

mass number121
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
120,903811353 ± 0,00000269 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
57,21 ± 0,05
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,543 ± 0,011
time of discovery or invention1922
parity+

122Sb

mass number122
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
121,905169335 ± 0,000002687 Da
g-factor
-0,95 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,7238 ± 0,0002 d
Спин2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,28 ± 0,08
time of discovery or invention1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

mass number123
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
122,904215292 ± 0,000001456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
42,79 ± 0,05
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,692 ± 0,014
time of discovery or invention1922
parity+

124Sb

mass number124
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
123,905937065 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0,4 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
60,2 ± 0,03 d
Спин3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,2
time of discovery or invention1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

mass number125
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
124,905254264 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0,75142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,7576 ± 0,0011 y
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

mass number126
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
125,907253158 ± 0,000034189 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,00875
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
12,35 ± 0,06 d
Спин8
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

mass number127
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
126,906925557 ± 0,000005457 Da
g-factor
0,77142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
3,85 ± 0,05 d
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

mass number128
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
127,909146121 ± 0,000020169 Da
g-factor
0,1625 ± 0,025
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
9,05 ± 0,04 h
Спин8
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

mass number129
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
128,909146623 ± 0,000022786 Da
g-factor
0,79714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
4,366 ± 0,026 h
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

mass number130
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
129,911662686 ± 0,000015257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
39,5 ± 0,8 m
Спин8
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

mass number131
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
130,911989339 ± 0,000002236 Da
g-factor
0,82571428571429 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
23,03 ± 0,04 m
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

mass number132
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
131,914508013 ± 0,000002648 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,79 ± 0,07 m
Спин4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

mass number133
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
132,915272128 ± 0,000003357 Da
g-factor
0,85714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,34 ± 0,05 m
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

mass number134
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
133,920537334 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
674 ± 4 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

135Sb

mass number135
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
134,925184354 ± 0,000002834 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
1,668 ± 0,009 s
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

mass number136
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
135,930749009 ± 0,000006258 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
923 ± 14 ms
Спин1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

mass number137
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
136,935522519 ± 0,000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
497 ± 21 ms
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sb

mass number138
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
137,941331 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
333 ± 7 ms
Спин3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sb

mass number139
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
138,946269 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
182 ± 9 ms
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sb

mass number140
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
139,952345 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
170 ± 6 ms
Спин3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

mass number141
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
140,957552 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
103 ± 29 ms
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Sb

mass number142
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
141,963918 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
80 ± 50 ms
Спин
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Antimony-2

тарых

discoverer or inventorKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
time of discovery or invention
ЭтимологияGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
pronunciationAN-teh-MOH-ni (англисче)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (Океан)
0,00024 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Күн)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389