Surma

Surma (Sb)

chemical element with symbol Sb and atomic number of 51
Atomic Number51
Atomic Weight121.76
mass number121
Group15
Period5
Blockp
Proton51 p+
Neytron70 n0
Elektron51 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sb (Surma)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
145 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
140 pm
Metallic Radius
139 pm
Ion radiuslar
76 pm
Crystal Radius
90 pm
Van der Waals radius
206 pm
density
6,68 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Surma0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,608389 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sb (Surma)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
195,2 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
20,08 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
264,4 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Bohr model: Sb (Surma)
valence electron5
Lewis structure: Sb (Surma)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Enhanced Bohr model of Sb (Surma)
Orbital Diagram of Sb (Surma)
Oksidlanish darajasi-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektrmanfiylik
2.05
Electrophilicity Index
1,540637934707554 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 860,15 K
Melting Point
903,778 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Rang
Silver
appearancesilvery lustrous gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
24,43 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,000011 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,23 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,207 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
2,5 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000004 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000109 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000001327 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000073
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (RHL)
Kristall panjara davri
4,51 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
3 MPa
bulk modulus
42 GPa
shear modulus
20 GPa
Yung moduli
55 GPa
Poisson's ratio
Tovush tezligi
3 420 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVB
IUPAC GroupVA
Glawe Number91
Mendeleev Number96
Pettifor Number88
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
43 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
492 a₀
allotropeWhite Antimony, Yellow Antimony, Black Antimony
Neutron cross section
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0016
Atom kvant sonlari4S3/2
space group166 (R_3m)

Isotopes of Antimony

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition12157.21%12157.21%12342.79%12342.79%

102Sb

mass number102
neutron number51
Nisbiy atom massa
101,945142 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

103Sb

mass number103
neutron number52
Nisbiy atom massa
102,939162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)

104Sb

mass number104
neutron number53
Nisbiy atom massa
103,936344 ± 0,000109 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
470 ± 130 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1995
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
p (proton emission)7%
α (α emission)

105Sb

mass number105
neutron number54
Nisbiy atom massa
104,931276547 ± 0,000023431 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,12 ± 0,16 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
p (proton emission)0.1%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

106Sb

mass number106
neutron number55
Nisbiy atom massa
105,928637979 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
600 ± 200 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sb

mass number107
neutron number56
Nisbiy atom massa
106,924150621 ± 0,000004452 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sb

mass number108
neutron number57
Nisbiy atom massa
107,922226731 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
7,4 ± 0,3 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sb

mass number109
neutron number58
Nisbiy atom massa
108,918141203 ± 0,000005652 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17,2 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sb

mass number110
neutron number59
Nisbiy atom massa
109,916854283 ± 0,0000064 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
23,6 ± 0,3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

111Sb

mass number111
neutron number60
Nisbiy atom massa
110,913218187 ± 0,0000095 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
75 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sb

mass number112
neutron number61
Nisbiy atom massa
111,912399903 ± 0,00001914 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
53,5 ± 0,6 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Sb

mass number113
neutron number62
Nisbiy atom massa
112,909374664 ± 0,000018457 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,67 ± 0,07 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sb

mass number114
neutron number63
Nisbiy atom massa
113,909289155 ± 0,000021226 Da
g-factor
0,57333333333333 ± 0,026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,49 ± 0,03 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Sb

mass number115
neutron number64
Nisbiy atom massa
114,906598 ± 0,000017203 Da
g-factor
1,384 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
32,1 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Sb

mass number116
neutron number65
Nisbiy atom massa
115,906792732 ± 0,000005533 Da
g-factor
0,905 ± 0,003
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
15,8 ± 0,8 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Sb

mass number117
neutron number66
Nisbiy atom massa
116,904841519 ± 0,000009057 Da
g-factor
1,372 ± 0,024
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,97 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 1,2
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

118Sb

mass number118
neutron number67
Nisbiy atom massa
117,905532194 ± 0,000003237 Da
g-factor
2,46 ± 0,07
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,6 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Sb

mass number119
neutron number68
Nisbiy atom massa
118,903944062 ± 0,000007512 Da
g-factor
1,38 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
38,19 ± 0,22 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

120Sb

mass number120
neutron number69
Nisbiy atom massa
119,905080308 ± 0,000007728 Da
g-factor
2,3 ± 0,2
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
15,89 ± 0,04 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Sb

mass number121
neutron number70
Nisbiy atom massa
120,903811353 ± 0,00000269 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
57,21 ± 0,05
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,543 ± 0,011
time of discovery or invention1922
parity+

122Sb

mass number122
neutron number71
Nisbiy atom massa
121,905169335 ± 0,000002687 Da
g-factor
-0,95 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,7238 ± 0,0002 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,28 ± 0,08
time of discovery or invention1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.59%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)2.41%

123Sb

mass number123
neutron number72
Nisbiy atom massa
122,904215292 ± 0,000001456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
42,79 ± 0,05
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,692 ± 0,014
time of discovery or invention1922
parity+

124Sb

mass number124
neutron number73
Nisbiy atom massa
123,905937065 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0,4 ± 0,0066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
60,2 ± 0,03 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,2
time of discovery or invention1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Sb

mass number125
neutron number74
Nisbiy atom massa
124,905254264 ± 0,0000027 Da
g-factor
0,75142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,7576 ± 0,0011 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sb

mass number126
neutron number75
Nisbiy atom massa
125,907253158 ± 0,000034189 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,00875
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
12,35 ± 0,06 d
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sb

mass number127
neutron number76
Nisbiy atom massa
126,906925557 ± 0,000005457 Da
g-factor
0,77142857142857 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,85 ± 0,05 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sb

mass number128
neutron number77
Nisbiy atom massa
127,909146121 ± 0,000020169 Da
g-factor
0,1625 ± 0,025
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
9,05 ± 0,04 h
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sb

mass number129
neutron number78
Nisbiy atom massa
128,909146623 ± 0,000022786 Da
g-factor
0,79714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4,366 ± 0,026 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sb

mass number130
neutron number79
Nisbiy atom massa
129,911662686 ± 0,000015257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1962
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sb

mass number131
neutron number80
Nisbiy atom massa
130,911989339 ± 0,000002236 Da
g-factor
0,82571428571429 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
23,03 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sb

mass number132
neutron number81
Nisbiy atom massa
131,914508013 ± 0,000002648 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,79 ± 0,07 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sb

mass number133
neutron number82
Nisbiy atom massa
132,915272128 ± 0,000003357 Da
g-factor
0,85714285714286 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,34 ± 0,05 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Sb

mass number134
neutron number83
Nisbiy atom massa
133,920537334 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
674 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

135Sb

mass number135
neutron number84
Nisbiy atom massa
134,925184354 ± 0,000002834 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,668 ± 0,009 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19.1%

136Sb

mass number136
neutron number85
Nisbiy atom massa
135,930749009 ± 0,000006258 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
923 ± 14 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)24.7%
2n (2-neutron emission)0.14%

137Sb

mass number137
neutron number86
Nisbiy atom massa
136,935522519 ± 0,000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
497 ± 21 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)49%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sb

mass number138
neutron number87
Nisbiy atom massa
137,941331 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
333 ± 7 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)72%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sb

mass number139
neutron number88
Nisbiy atom massa
138,946269 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
182 ± 9 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)90%
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sb

mass number140
neutron number89
Nisbiy atom massa
139,952345 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
170 ± 6 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%
2n (2-neutron emission)7.6%

141Sb

mass number141
neutron number90
Nisbiy atom massa
140,957552 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
103 ± 29 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Sb

mass number142
neutron number91
Nisbiy atom massa
141,963918 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
80 ± 50 ms
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Antimony-2

tarix

discoverer or inventorKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
time of discovery or invention
EtimologiyaGreek: anti and monos (not alone); symbol from mineral stibnite.
pronunciationAN-teh-MOH-ni (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okean)
0,00024 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0256
2p4.1274
2s13.4046
3d14.2002
3p17.8161
3s17.7909
4d32.0256
4p28.8188
4s27.4564
5p41.0055
5s39.389