Tin

Tin (Sn)

chemical element with symbol Sn and atomic number 50
Atomic Number50
Atomic Weight118.71
Massagetal120
Group14
Period5
Blockp
proton50 p+
neutron70 n0
elektron50 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sn (Tin)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
145 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
Ioonradius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
217 pm
density
7,287 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Tin020406080100120140160180200220pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
1,112067 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,343917 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sn (Tin)
Verdampingswarmte
296 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
7,07 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
301,2 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Bohr model: Sn (Tin)
Valenselektrone4
Lewisteorie: Sn (Tin)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Sn (Tin)
Orbital Diagram of Sn (Tin)
Oksidasietoestand-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.96
Electrophilicity Index
1,434238336293717 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 859,15 K
Melting Point
286,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
66,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,227 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
9,1 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000011 m Ω
superconductivity
3,72 K
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000368 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000227
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
5,82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
Massamodulus
58 GPa
Skuifmodulus
18 GPa
Young se modulus
50 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,36
Spoed van klank
2 500 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
allotropeWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Neutron cross section
0,62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
quantum number3P0
Ruimtegroep141 (I41/amd)

Isotopes of Tin

Stable Isotopes7
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes10
Isotopic Composition12032.58%12032.58%11824.22%11824.22%11614.54%11614.54%1177.68%1177.68%1198.59%1198.59%1245.79%1245.79%1224.63%1224.63%1120.97%1120.97%1140.66%1140.66%1150.34%1150.34%

99Sn

Massagetal99
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
98,948495 ± 0,000625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
24 ± 4 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

Massagetal100
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
99,938648944 ± 0,000257661 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,18 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

Massagetal101
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
100,935259252 ± 0,000322068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,22 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

Massagetal102
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
101,930289525 ± 0,000107466 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,8 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

Massagetal103
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
102,927973 ± 0,000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
7 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

Massagetal104
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
103,923105195 ± 0,000006167 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
20,8 ± 0,5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

Massagetal105
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
104,921268421 ± 0,000004263 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32,7 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

Massagetal106
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
105,916957394 ± 0,000005465 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,92 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

Massagetal107
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
106,915713649 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,9 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

Massagetal108
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
107,91189429 ± 0,000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,3 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

Massagetal109
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
108,911292857 ± 0,000008533 Da
g-factor
-0,4312 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
18,1 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,11
ontdekkingsdatum1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

Massagetal110
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
109,907844835 ± 0,00001479 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,154 ± 0,004 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

Massagetal111
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
110,907741143 ± 0,000005728 Da
g-factor
0,17342857142857 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
35,3 ± 0,6 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,1
ontdekkingsdatum1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

Massagetal112
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
111,904824894 ± 0,000000315 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,97 ± 0,01
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

113Sn

Massagetal113
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
112,905175857 ± 0,00000169 Da
g-factor
-1,7554 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
115,08 ± 0,04 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

Massagetal114
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
113,90278013 ± 0,000000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,66 ± 0,01
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1927
parity+

115Sn

Massagetal115
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
114,903344695 ± 0,000000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,34 ± 0,01
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1927
parity+

116Sn

Massagetal116
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
115,901742825 ± 0,000000103 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,54 ± 0,09
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

117Sn

Massagetal117
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
116,902954036 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,68 ± 0,07
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1923
parity+

118Sn

Massagetal118
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
117,90160663 ± 0,000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,22 ± 0,09
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1924
parity+

119Sn

Massagetal119
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
118,903311266 ± 0,000000778 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
8,59 ± 0,04
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1925
parity+

120Sn

Massagetal120
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
119,902202557 ± 0,000000987 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,58 ± 0,09
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1926
parity+

121Sn

Massagetal121
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
120,904243488 ± 0,00000105 Da
g-factor
0,4646 ± 0,00073333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
27,03 ± 0,04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,02 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

Massagetal122
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
121,903445494 ± 0,000002627 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,63 ± 0,03
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1928
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

123Sn

Massagetal123
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
122,905727065 ± 0,000002661 Da
g-factor
-0,24876363636364 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
129,2 ± 0,4 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,03 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

Massagetal124
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
123,905279619 ± 0,00000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,79 ± 0,05
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

125Sn

Massagetal125
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
124,90778937 ± 0,000001426 Da
g-factor
-0,24472727272727 ± 0,00036363636363636
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,634 ± 0,015 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,2
ontdekkingsdatum1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

Massagetal126
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
125,907658958 ± 0,000011473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
230 ± 14 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

Massagetal127
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
126,910391726 ± 0,000009904 Da
g-factor
-0,24127272727273 ± 0,0012727272727273
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,1 ± 0,04 h
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,14
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

Massagetal128
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
127,910507828 ± 0,000018982 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
59,07 ± 0,14 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

Massagetal129
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
128,91348244 ± 0,00001854 Da
g-factor
0,502 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,23 ± 0,04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,05 ± 0,12
ontdekkingsdatum1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

Massagetal130
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
129,913974531 ± 0,00000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,72 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

Massagetal131
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
130,917053067 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
0,49733333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
56 ± 0,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,04 ± 0,09
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

Massagetal132
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
131,917823898 ± 0,000002121 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
39,7 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

Massagetal133
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
132,923913753 ± 0,000002043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,37 ± 0,07 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

Massagetal134
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
133,92868043 ± 0,0000034 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
0,93 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

Massagetal135
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
134,934908603 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
515 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)

136Sn

Massagetal136
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
135,939699 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
355 ± 18 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

137Sn

Massagetal137
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
136,946162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
249 ± 15 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sn

Massagetal138
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
137,951143 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
148 ± 9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sn

Massagetal139
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
138,957799 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
120 ± 38 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sn

Massagetal140
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
139,962973 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Cín.PNG

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurKnown to the ancients.
ligging van ontdekking
ontdekkingsdatum
etimologieNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
uitspraakTIN (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,3 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715