Kalaj

Kalaj (Sn)

hemijski element sa simbolom Sn i atomskim brojem 50
Atomic Number50
Atomic Weight118.71
Maseni broj120
Group14
Period5
Blockp
Proton50 p+
Neutron70 n0
Elektron50 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Sn (Kalaj)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
145 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
Ionski radijus
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
217 pm
gustoća
7,287 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Kalaj0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
1,112067 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,343917 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sn (Kalaj)
Toplota isparavanja
296 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
7,07 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
301,2 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Bohrov model atoma: Sn (Kalaj)
Valentni elektron4
Lewis structure: Sn (Kalaj)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Sn (Kalaj)
Orbital Diagram of Sn (Kalaj)
oksidacijsko stanje-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.96
Electrophilicity Index
1,434238336293717 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.859,15 K
Melting Point
286,35 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
66,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,227 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
9,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000011 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
3,72 K
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000368 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000227
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
5,82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
58 GPa
shear modulus
18 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,36
Brzina zvuka
2.500 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
allotropeWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Neutron cross section
0,62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
Kvantni brojevi3P0
space group141 (I41/amd)

Isotopes of Tin

Stable Isotopes7
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes10
Isotopic Composition12032.58%12032.58%11824.22%11824.22%11614.54%11614.54%1177.68%1177.68%1198.59%1198.59%1245.79%1245.79%1224.63%1224.63%1120.97%1120.97%1140.66%1140.66%1150.34%1150.34%

99Sn

Maseni broj99
broj neutrona49
relative atomic mass
98,948495 ± 0,000625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
24 ± 4 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

Maseni broj100
broj neutrona50
relative atomic mass
99,938648944 ± 0,000257661 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,18 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

Maseni broj101
broj neutrona51
relative atomic mass
100,935259252 ± 0,000322068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,22 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

Maseni broj102
broj neutrona52
relative atomic mass
101,930289525 ± 0,000107466 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,8 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

Maseni broj103
broj neutrona53
relative atomic mass
102,927973 ± 0,000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

Maseni broj104
broj neutrona54
relative atomic mass
103,923105195 ± 0,000006167 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,8 ± 0,5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

Maseni broj105
broj neutrona55
relative atomic mass
104,921268421 ± 0,000004263 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,7 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

Maseni broj106
broj neutrona56
relative atomic mass
105,916957394 ± 0,000005465 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,92 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

Maseni broj107
broj neutrona57
relative atomic mass
106,915713649 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,9 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

Maseni broj108
broj neutrona58
relative atomic mass
107,91189429 ± 0,000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,3 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

Maseni broj109
broj neutrona59
relative atomic mass
108,911292857 ± 0,000008533 Da
g-factor
-0,4312 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,1 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,11
datum otkrića1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

Maseni broj110
broj neutrona60
relative atomic mass
109,907844835 ± 0,00001479 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,154 ± 0,004 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

Maseni broj111
broj neutrona61
relative atomic mass
110,907741143 ± 0,000005728 Da
g-factor
0,17342857142857 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
35,3 ± 0,6 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,1
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

Maseni broj112
broj neutrona62
relative atomic mass
111,904824894 ± 0,000000315 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,97 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

113Sn

Maseni broj113
broj neutrona63
relative atomic mass
112,905175857 ± 0,00000169 Da
g-factor
-1,7554 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
115,08 ± 0,04 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

Maseni broj114
broj neutrona64
relative atomic mass
113,90278013 ± 0,000000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,66 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1927
parity+

115Sn

Maseni broj115
broj neutrona65
relative atomic mass
114,903344695 ± 0,000000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,34 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1927
parity+

116Sn

Maseni broj116
broj neutrona66
relative atomic mass
115,901742825 ± 0,000000103 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,54 ± 0,09
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

117Sn

Maseni broj117
broj neutrona67
relative atomic mass
116,902954036 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,68 ± 0,07
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1923
parity+

118Sn

Maseni broj118
broj neutrona68
relative atomic mass
117,90160663 ± 0,000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,22 ± 0,09
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1924
parity+

119Sn

Maseni broj119
broj neutrona69
relative atomic mass
118,903311266 ± 0,000000778 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
8,59 ± 0,04
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1925
parity+

120Sn

Maseni broj120
broj neutrona70
relative atomic mass
119,902202557 ± 0,000000987 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,58 ± 0,09
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1926
parity+

121Sn

Maseni broj121
broj neutrona71
relative atomic mass
120,904243488 ± 0,00000105 Da
g-factor
0,4646 ± 0,00073333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
27,03 ± 0,04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,02 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

Maseni broj122
broj neutrona72
relative atomic mass
121,903445494 ± 0,000002627 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,63 ± 0,03
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1928
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

123Sn

Maseni broj123
broj neutrona73
relative atomic mass
122,905727065 ± 0,000002661 Da
g-factor
-0,24876363636364 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
129,2 ± 0,4 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,03 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

Maseni broj124
broj neutrona74
relative atomic mass
123,905279619 ± 0,00000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,79 ± 0,05
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

125Sn

Maseni broj125
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
124,90778937 ± 0,000001426 Da
g-factor
-0,24472727272727 ± 0,00036363636363636
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,634 ± 0,015 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,2
datum otkrića1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

Maseni broj126
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
125,907658958 ± 0,000011473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
230 ± 14 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

Maseni broj127
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
126,910391726 ± 0,000009904 Da
g-factor
-0,24127272727273 ± 0,0012727272727273
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,1 ± 0,04 h
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,14
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

Maseni broj128
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
127,910507828 ± 0,000018982 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
59,07 ± 0,14 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

Maseni broj129
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
128,91348244 ± 0,00001854 Da
g-factor
0,502 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,23 ± 0,04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,05 ± 0,12
datum otkrića1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

Maseni broj130
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
129,913974531 ± 0,00000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,72 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

Maseni broj131
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
130,917053067 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
0,49733333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
56 ± 0,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,04 ± 0,09
datum otkrića1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

Maseni broj132
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
131,917823898 ± 0,000002121 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39,7 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

Maseni broj133
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
132,923913753 ± 0,000002043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,37 ± 0,07 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

Maseni broj134
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
133,92868043 ± 0,0000034 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
0,93 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

Maseni broj135
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
134,934908603 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
515 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)

136Sn

Maseni broj136
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
135,939699 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
355 ± 18 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

137Sn

Maseni broj137
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
136,946162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
249 ± 15 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sn

Maseni broj138
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
137,951143 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
148 ± 9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sn

Maseni broj139
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
138,957799 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
120 ± 38 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sn

Maseni broj140
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
139,962973 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Cín.PNG

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljKnown to the ancients.
mjesto otkrića
datum otkrića
EtimologijaNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
pronunciationTIN (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,3 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715