Timah

Timah (Sn)

chemical element with symbol Sn and atomic number 50
Atomic Number50
Atomic Weight118.71
Nombor jisim120
Group14
Period5
Blockp
proton50 p+
neutron70 n0
Elektron50 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Sn (Timah)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
145 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Jejari van der Waals
217 pm
ketumpatan
7.287 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Timah0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
1.112067 eV/particle
ionization energy
7.343917 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sn (Timah)
Entalpi pengewapan
296 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
7.07 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
301.2 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Model Bohr: Sn (Timah)
Elektron valens4
Teori ion Lewis: Sn (Timah)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Sn (Timah)
Orbital Diagram of Sn (Timah)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Keelektronegatifan
1.96
Electrophilicity Index
1.434238336293717 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2,859.15 K
Melting Point
286.35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
66.8 W/(m K)
Pengembangan terma
0.000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.227 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
9.1 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000011 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
3.72 K
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000368 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000227
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
5.82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1.5 MPa
Modulus pukal
58 GPa
shear modulus
18 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.36
Kelajuan bunyi
2,500 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
allotropeWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Neutron cross section
0.62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0002
Nombor kuantum3P0
space group141 (I41/amd)

Isotopes of Tin

Stable Isotopes7
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes10
Isotopic Composition12032.58%12032.58%11824.22%11824.22%11614.54%11614.54%1177.68%1177.68%1198.59%1198.59%1245.79%1245.79%1224.63%1224.63%1120.97%1120.97%1140.66%1140.66%1150.34%1150.34%

99Sn

Nombor jisim99
nombor neutron49
jisim atom relatif
98.948495 ± 0.000625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
24 ± 4 ms
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2011
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

Nombor jisim100
nombor neutron50
jisim atom relatif
99.938648944 ± 0.000257661 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.18 ± 0.08 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

Nombor jisim101
nombor neutron51
jisim atom relatif
100.935259252 ± 0.000322068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.22 ± 0.05 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

Nombor jisim102
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
101.930289525 ± 0.000107466 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.8 ± 0.2 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

Nombor jisim103
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
102.927973 ± 0.000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
7 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

Nombor jisim104
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
103.923105195 ± 0.000006167 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
20.8 ± 0.5 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1985
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

Nombor jisim105
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
104.921268421 ± 0.000004263 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
32.7 ± 0.5 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
105.916957394 ± 0.000005465 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.92 ± 0.08 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
106.915713649 ± 0.0000057 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.9 ± 0.05 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1976
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
107.91189429 ± 0.000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.3 ± 0.08 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1968
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
108.911292857 ± 0.000008533 Da
g-factor
-0.4312 ± 0.0024
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
18.1 ± 0.2 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.33 ± 0.11
tarikh penemuan1966
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

Nombor jisim110
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
109.907844835 ± 0.00001479 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.154 ± 0.004 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1965
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

Nombor jisim111
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
110.907741143 ± 0.000005728 Da
g-factor
0.17342857142857 ± 0.0011428571428571
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
35.3 ± 0.6 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.1
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

Nombor jisim112
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
111.904824894 ± 0.000000315 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.97 ± 0.01
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1927
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
+ (double β+ decay)

113Sn

Nombor jisim113
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
112.905175857 ± 0.00000169 Da
g-factor
-1.7554 ± 0.0016
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
115.08 ± 0.04 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1939
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

Nombor jisim114
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
113.90278013 ± 0.000000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.66 ± 0.01
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1927
parity+

115Sn

Nombor jisim115
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
114.903344695 ± 0.000000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0.34 ± 0.01
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1927
parity+

116Sn

Nombor jisim116
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
115.901742825 ± 0.000000103 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14.54 ± 0.09
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1922
parity+

117Sn

Nombor jisim117
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
116.902954036 ± 0.000000518 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7.68 ± 0.07
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1923
parity+

118Sn

Nombor jisim118
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
117.90160663 ± 0.000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24.22 ± 0.09
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1924
parity+

119Sn

Nombor jisim119
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
118.903311266 ± 0.000000778 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
8.59 ± 0.04
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1925
parity+

120Sn

Nombor jisim120
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
119.902202557 ± 0.000000987 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32.58 ± 0.09
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1926
parity+

121Sn

Nombor jisim121
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
120.904243488 ± 0.00000105 Da
g-factor
0.4646 ± 0.00073333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
27.03 ± 0.04 h
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.02 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

Nombor jisim122
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
121.903445494 ± 0.000002627 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4.63 ± 0.03
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1928
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
(double β decay)

123Sn

Nombor jisim123
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
122.905727065 ± 0.000002661 Da
g-factor
-0.24876363636364 ± 0.0002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
129.2 ± 0.4 d
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.03 ± 0.04
tarikh penemuan1948
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

Nombor jisim124
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
123.905279619 ± 0.00000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5.79 ± 0.05
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1922
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
(double β decay)

125Sn

Nombor jisim125
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
124.90778937 ± 0.000001426 Da
g-factor
-0.24472727272727 ± 0.00036363636363636
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.634 ± 0.015 d
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.2 ± 0.2
tarikh penemuan1939
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

Nombor jisim126
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
125.907658958 ± 0.000011473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
230 ± 14 ky
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1962
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

Nombor jisim127
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
126.910391726 ± 0.000009904 Da
g-factor
-0.24127272727273 ± 0.0012727272727273
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.1 ± 0.04 h
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.32 ± 0.14
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

Nombor jisim128
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
127.910507828 ± 0.000018982 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
59.07 ± 0.14 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1956
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

Nombor jisim129
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
128.91348244 ± 0.00001854 Da
g-factor
0.502 ± 0.002
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.23 ± 0.04 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.05 ± 0.12
tarikh penemuan1962
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

Nombor jisim130
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
129.913974531 ± 0.00000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.72 ± 0.07 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1972
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

Nombor jisim131
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
130.917053067 ± 0.000003887 Da
g-factor
0.49733333333333 ± 0.0026666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
56 ± 0.5 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.04 ± 0.09
tarikh penemuan1963
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

Nombor jisim132
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
131.917823898 ± 0.000002121 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
39.7 ± 0.8 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1963
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

Nombor jisim133
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
132.923913753 ± 0.000002043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.37 ± 0.07 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1973
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

Nombor jisim134
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
133.92868043 ± 0.0000034 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
0.93 ± 0.08 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

Nombor jisim135
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
134.934908603 ± 0.0000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
515 ± 5 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)

136Sn

Nombor jisim136
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
135.939699 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
355 ± 18 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

137Sn

Nombor jisim137
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
136.946162 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
249 ± 15 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sn

Nombor jisim138
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
137.951143 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
148 ± 9 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sn

Nombor jisim139
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
138.957799 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
120 ± 38 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2015
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sn

Nombor jisim140
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
139.962973 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Cín.PNG

sejarah

penemu atau perekaKnown to the ancients.
tempat penemuan
tarikh penemuan
EtimologiNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
sebutanTIN (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2.3 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.000004 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
0.00002 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.00012 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715