Kalaj, ²Zinni

Kalaj, ²Zinni (Sn)

chemical element with symbol Sn and atomic number 50
Atomic Number50
Atomic Weight118.71
Numri i masës120
Group14
Period5
Blockp
protoni50 p+
neutroni70 n0
elektroni50 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sn (Kalaj, ²Zinni)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
145 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
217 pm
density
7,287 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Kalaj, ²Zinni020406080100120140160180200220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
1,112067 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,343917 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sn (Kalaj, ²Zinni)
enthalpy of vaporization
296 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
7,07 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
301,2 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Bohr model: Sn (Kalaj, ²Zinni)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Sn (Kalaj, ²Zinni)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Sn (Kalaj, ²Zinni)
Orbital Diagram of Sn (Kalaj, ²Zinni)
oxidation number-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativiteti
1.96
Electrophilicity Index
1,434238336293717 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 859,15 K
Melting Point
286,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
66,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,227 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
9,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000011 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
3,72 K
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000368 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000227
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
5,82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
58 GPa
shear modulus
18 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,36
Shpejtësia e zërit
2 500 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
allotropeWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Neutron cross section
0,62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
numër kuantik3P0
space group141 (I41/amd)

Isotopes of Tin

Stable Isotopes7
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes10
Isotopic Composition12032.58%12032.58%11824.22%11824.22%11614.54%11614.54%1177.68%1177.68%1198.59%1198.59%1245.79%1245.79%1224.63%1224.63%1120.97%1120.97%1140.66%1140.66%1150.34%1150.34%

99Sn

Numri i masës99
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
98,948495 ± 0,000625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24 ± 4 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2011
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

Numri i masës100
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
99,938648944 ± 0,000257661 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,18 ± 0,08 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

Numri i masës101
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
100,935259252 ± 0,000322068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,22 ± 0,05 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

Numri i masës102
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
101,930289525 ± 0,000107466 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,8 ± 0,2 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

Numri i masës103
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
102,927973 ± 0,000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7 ± 0,2 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

Numri i masës104
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
103,923105195 ± 0,000006167 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,8 ± 0,5 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1985
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

Numri i masës105
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
104,921268421 ± 0,000004263 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,7 ± 0,5 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

Numri i masës106
numri i neutroneve56
relative atomic mass
105,916957394 ± 0,000005465 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,92 ± 0,08 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1975
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

Numri i masës107
numri i neutroneve57
relative atomic mass
106,915713649 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,9 ± 0,05 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1976
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

Numri i masës108
numri i neutroneve58
relative atomic mass
107,91189429 ± 0,000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 0,08 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1968
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

Numri i masës109
numri i neutroneve59
relative atomic mass
108,911292857 ± 0,000008533 Da
g-factor
-0,4312 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,1 ± 0,2 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,11
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

Numri i masës110
numri i neutroneve60
relative atomic mass
109,907844835 ± 0,00001479 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,154 ± 0,004 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

Numri i masës111
numri i neutroneve61
relative atomic mass
110,907741143 ± 0,000005728 Da
g-factor
0,17342857142857 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,3 ± 0,6 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,1
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1949
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

Numri i masës112
numri i neutroneve62
relative atomic mass
111,904824894 ± 0,000000315 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,97 ± 0,01
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1927
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

113Sn

Numri i masës113
numri i neutroneve63
relative atomic mass
112,905175857 ± 0,00000169 Da
g-factor
-1,7554 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
115,08 ± 0,04 d
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1939
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

Numri i masës114
numri i neutroneve64
relative atomic mass
113,90278013 ± 0,000000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,66 ± 0,01
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1927
parity+

115Sn

Numri i masës115
numri i neutroneve65
relative atomic mass
114,903344695 ± 0,000000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,34 ± 0,01
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1927
parity+

116Sn

Numri i masës116
numri i neutroneve66
relative atomic mass
115,901742825 ± 0,000000103 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,54 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1922
parity+

117Sn

Numri i masës117
numri i neutroneve67
relative atomic mass
116,902954036 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,68 ± 0,07
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1923
parity+

118Sn

Numri i masës118
numri i neutroneve68
relative atomic mass
117,90160663 ± 0,000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,22 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1924
parity+

119Sn

Numri i masës119
numri i neutroneve69
relative atomic mass
118,903311266 ± 0,000000778 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
8,59 ± 0,04
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1925
parity+

120Sn

Numri i masës120
numri i neutroneve70
relative atomic mass
119,902202557 ± 0,000000987 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,58 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1926
parity+

121Sn

Numri i masës121
numri i neutroneve71
relative atomic mass
120,904243488 ± 0,00000105 Da
g-factor
0,4646 ± 0,00073333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
27,03 ± 0,04 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,02 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

Numri i masës122
numri i neutroneve72
relative atomic mass
121,903445494 ± 0,000002627 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,63 ± 0,03
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1928
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)

123Sn

Numri i masës123
numri i neutroneve73
relative atomic mass
122,905727065 ± 0,000002661 Da
g-factor
-0,24876363636364 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
129,2 ± 0,4 d
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,03 ± 0,04
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

Numri i masës124
numri i neutroneve74
relative atomic mass
123,905279619 ± 0,00000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,79 ± 0,05
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1922
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)

125Sn

Numri i masës125
numri i neutroneve75
relative atomic mass
124,90778937 ± 0,000001426 Da
g-factor
-0,24472727272727 ± 0,00036363636363636
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,634 ± 0,015 d
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,2
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1939
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

Numri i masës126
numri i neutroneve76
relative atomic mass
125,907658958 ± 0,000011473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
230 ± 14 ky
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

Numri i masës127
numri i neutroneve77
relative atomic mass
126,910391726 ± 0,000009904 Da
g-factor
-0,24127272727273 ± 0,0012727272727273
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 0,04 h
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,14
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

Numri i masës128
numri i neutroneve78
relative atomic mass
127,910507828 ± 0,000018982 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
59,07 ± 0,14 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1956
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

Numri i masës129
numri i neutroneve79
relative atomic mass
128,91348244 ± 0,00001854 Da
g-factor
0,502 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,23 ± 0,04 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,05 ± 0,12
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

Numri i masës130
numri i neutroneve80
relative atomic mass
129,913974531 ± 0,00000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,72 ± 0,07 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

Numri i masës131
numri i neutroneve81
relative atomic mass
130,917053067 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
0,49733333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 0,5 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,04 ± 0,09
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

Numri i masës132
numri i neutroneve82
relative atomic mass
131,917823898 ± 0,000002121 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,7 ± 0,8 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

Numri i masës133
numri i neutroneve83
relative atomic mass
132,923913753 ± 0,000002043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,37 ± 0,07 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1973
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

Numri i masës134
numri i neutroneve84
relative atomic mass
133,92868043 ± 0,0000034 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
0,93 ± 0,08 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1974
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

Numri i masës135
numri i neutroneve85
relative atomic mass
134,934908603 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
515 ± 5 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)

136Sn

Numri i masës136
numri i neutroneve86
relative atomic mass
135,939699 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
355 ± 18 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

137Sn

Numri i masës137
numri i neutroneve87
relative atomic mass
136,946162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
249 ± 15 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sn

Numri i masës138
numri i neutroneve88
relative atomic mass
137,951143 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
148 ± 9 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sn

Numri i masës139
numri i neutroneve89
relative atomic mass
138,957799 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
120 ± 38 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2015
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sn

Numri i masës140
numri i neutroneve90
relative atomic mass
139,962973 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Cín.PNG

historia

zbuluesKnown to the ancients.
vendndodhja e zbulimit
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
EtimologjiaNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
pronunciationTIN (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,3 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715