Tenn

Tenn (Sn)

metalliskt grundämne
Atomnummer50
Atommassa118.71
masstal120
Grupp14
Period5
Blockp
Protoner50 p+
Neutroner70 n0
Electrons50 e-
Cín.PNG Animated Bohrs atommodell of Sn (Tenn) Enhanced Bohrs atommodell of Sn (Tenn) Bohrs atommodell: Sn (Tenn) Orbital Diagram of Sn (Tenn)

Egenskaper

atomradie
145 pm
molvolym
kovalent radie
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waalsradie
217 pm
densitet
7,287 g/cm³
energi
proton affinity
Elektronaffinitet
1,112067 eV/particle
joniseringsenergi
7,343917 eV/particle
ångbildningsvärme
296 kJ/mol
smältvärme
7,07 kJ/mol
Bildningsentalpi
301,2 kJ/mol
Electrons
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 4
valenselektron4
elektronkonfiguration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
oxidationstal-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
elektronegativitet
1.96
Electrophilicity
1,434238336293717 eV/particle
Phases
aggregationstillståndFast
Gas Phase
Kokpunkt
2 859,15 K
Smältpunkt
286,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
trippelpunkt
Visual
färg
Silver
appearancesilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
Brytningsindex
materialegenskap
Värmeledningsförmåga
66,8 W/(m K)
termisk expansion
0,000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,99 J/(mol K)
Specifik värmekapacitet
0,227 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
elektrisk konduktivitet
9,1 MS/m
resistivitet
0,00000011 m Ω
supraledare
3,72 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetisk susceptibilitet (Mass)
−0,0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetisk susceptibilitet (Molar)
−0,000000000368 m³/mol
magnetisk susceptibilitet (Volume)
−0,0000227
magnetic ordering
Curiepunkten
Néel temperature
Structure
KristallstrukturRymdcentrerat tetragonalt (TET)
Gitterkonstant
5,82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mekanisk materialegenskap
hårdhet
1,5 MPa
Kompressibilitet
58 GPa
skjuvmodul
18 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Poissons konstant
0,36
ljudhastighet
2 500 m/s
klassificering
KategoriPosttransitionsmetaller, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile
övrigt
Gas Basicity
Dipole Polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
AllotropesWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Träffyta
0,62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
kvanttal3P0
rymdgrupp141 (I41/amd)

Tennisotoper

Stabila isotoper10
Instabila isotoper32
Radioactive Isotopes32

99Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
98,948495 ± 0,000625 Da
masstal99
g-factor
Halveringstid
24 ± 4 ms
Spinn9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum2011
Paritet+

99Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
99,938648944 ± 0,000257661 Da
masstal100
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
1,18 ± 0,08 s
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

100Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
100,935259252 ± 0,000322068 Da
masstal101
g-factor
Halveringstid
2,22 ± 0,05 s
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

101Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
101,930289525 ± 0,000107466 Da
masstal102
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
3,8 ± 0,2 s
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

102Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
102,927973 ± 0,000108 Da
masstal103
g-factor
Halveringstid
7 ± 0,2 s
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1981
Paritet+

103Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
103,923105195 ± 0,000006167 Da
masstal104
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
20,8 ± 0,5 s
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1985
Paritet+

104Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
104,921268421 ± 0,000004263 Da
masstal105
g-factor
Halveringstid
32,7 ± 0,5 s
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1981
Paritet+

105Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
105,916957394 ± 0,000005465 Da
masstal106
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
1,92 ± 0,08 m
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1975
Paritet+

106Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
106,915713649 ± 0,0000057 Da
masstal107
g-factor
Halveringstid
2,9 ± 0,05 m
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1976
Paritet+

107Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
107,91189429 ± 0,000005778 Da
masstal108
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
10,3 ± 0,08 m
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1968
Paritet+

108Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
108,911292857 ± 0,000008533 Da
masstal109
g-factor
−0,4312 ± 0,0024
Halveringstid
18,1 ± 0,2 m
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,11
upptäcktsdatum1966
Paritet+

109Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
109,907844835 ± 0,00001479 Da
masstal110
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
4,154 ± 0,004 h
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1965
Paritet+

110Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
110,907741143 ± 0,000005728 Da
masstal111
g-factor
0,17342857142857 ± 0,0011428571428571
Halveringstid
35,3 ± 0,6 m
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,1
upptäcktsdatum1949
Paritet+

111Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

natural abundance
0,97 ± 0,01
relative atomic mass
111,904824894 ± 0,000000315 Da
masstal112
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1927
Paritet+

112Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
+ (double β+ decay)%

113Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
112,905175857 ± 0,00000169 Da
masstal113
g-factor
−1,7554 ± 0,0016
Halveringstid
115,08 ± 0,04 d
Spinn1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1939
Paritet+

113Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

natural abundance
0,66 ± 0,01
relative atomic mass
113,90278013 ± 0,000000031 Da
masstal114
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1927
Paritet+

115Sn

natural abundance
0,34 ± 0,01
relative atomic mass
114,903344695 ± 0,000000016 Da
masstal115
g-factor
Halveringstid
Spinn1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1927
Paritet+

116Sn

natural abundance
14,54 ± 0,09
relative atomic mass
115,901742825 ± 0,000000103 Da
masstal116
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1922
Paritet+

117Sn

natural abundance
7,68 ± 0,07
relative atomic mass
116,902954036 ± 0,000000518 Da
masstal117
g-factor
Halveringstid
Spinn1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1923
Paritet+

118Sn

natural abundance
24,22 ± 0,09
relative atomic mass
117,90160663 ± 0,000000536 Da
masstal118
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1924
Paritet+

119Sn

natural abundance
8,59 ± 0,04
relative atomic mass
118,903311266 ± 0,000000778 Da
masstal119
g-factor
Halveringstid
Spinn1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1925
Paritet+

120Sn

natural abundance
32,58 ± 0,09
relative atomic mass
119,902202557 ± 0,000000987 Da
masstal120
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1926
Paritet+

121Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
120,904243488 ± 0,00000105 Da
masstal121
g-factor
0,4646 ± 0,00073333333333333
Halveringstid
27,03 ± 0,04 h
Spinn3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,02 ± 0,02
upptäcktsdatum1948
Paritet+

121Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

natural abundance
4,63 ± 0,03
relative atomic mass
121,903445494 ± 0,000002627 Da
masstal122
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1928
Paritet+

122Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
(double β decay)%

123Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
122,905727065 ± 0,000002661 Da
masstal123
g-factor
−0,24876363636364 ± 0,0002
Halveringstid
129,2 ± 0,4 d
Spinn11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,03 ± 0,04
upptäcktsdatum1948
Paritet-

123Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

natural abundance
5,79 ± 0,05
relative atomic mass
123,905279619 ± 0,00000141 Da
masstal124
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1922
Paritet+

124Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
(double β decay)%

125Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
124,90778937 ± 0,000001426 Da
masstal125
g-factor
−0,24472727272727 ± 0,00036363636363636
Halveringstid
9,634 ± 0,015 d
Spinn11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,2
upptäcktsdatum1939
Paritet-

125Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
125,907658958 ± 0,000011473 Da
masstal126
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
230 ± 14 ky
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1962
Paritet+

126Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
126,910391726 ± 0,000009904 Da
masstal127
g-factor
−0,24127272727273 ± 0,0012727272727273
Halveringstid
2,1 ± 0,04 h
Spinn11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,14
upptäcktsdatum1951
Paritet-

127Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
127,910507828 ± 0,000018982 Da
masstal128
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
59,07 ± 0,14 m
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1956
Paritet+

128Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
128,91348244 ± 0,00001854 Da
masstal129
g-factor
0,502 ± 0,002
Halveringstid
2,23 ± 0,04 m
Spinn3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,05 ± 0,12
upptäcktsdatum1962
Paritet+

129Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
129,913974531 ± 0,00000201 Da
masstal130
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
3,72 ± 0,07 m
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1972
Paritet+

130Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
130,917053067 ± 0,000003887 Da
masstal131
g-factor
0,49733333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
Halveringstid
56 ± 0,5 s
Spinn3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,04 ± 0,09
upptäcktsdatum1963
Paritet+

131Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
131,917823898 ± 0,000002121 Da
masstal132
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
39,7 ± 0,8 s
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1963
Paritet+

132Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
132,923913753 ± 0,000002043 Da
masstal133
g-factor
Halveringstid
1,37 ± 0,07 s
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1973
Paritet-

133Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
133,92868043 ± 0,0000034 Da
masstal134
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
0,93 ± 0,08 s
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1974
Paritet+

134Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
134,934908603 ± 0,0000033 Da
masstal135
g-factor
Halveringstid
515 ± 5 ms
Spinn7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet-

135Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

136Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
135,939699 ± 0,000215 Da
masstal136
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
355 ± 18 ms
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet+

136Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

137Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
136,946162 ± 0,000322 Da
masstal137
g-factor
Halveringstid
249 ± 15 ms
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum1994
Paritet-

137Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

138Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
137,951143 ± 0,000429 Da
masstal138
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
148 ± 9 ms
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum2010
Paritet+

138Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

139Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
138,957799 ± 0,000429 Da
masstal139
g-factor
Halveringstid
120 ± 38 ms
Spinn5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
upptäcktsdatum2015
Paritet-

139Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

140Sn

natural abundanceRadioactive ☢️
relative atomic mass
139,962973 ± 0,000322 Da
masstal140
g-factor
0
Halveringstid
Spinn0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
upptäcktsdatum2018
Paritet+

140Sn Decay Modes
decay modeIntensitet
β (β decay)%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)%
2n (2-neutron emission)%

historia

upptäckare eller uppfinnareKnown to the ancients.
fyndplats
upptäcktsdatum
etymologiNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
uttalTIN (engelska)

Sources

Förekomst
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,3 mg/kg
Abundance in Oceans
0,000004 mg/L
Abundance in Human Body
0,00002 %
Abundance in Meteor
0,00012 %
Abundance in Sun
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715