Қалъагӣ

Қалъагӣ (Sn)

chemical element with symbol Sn and atomic number 50
Atomic Number50
Atomic Weight118.71
Адади массавӣ120
Group14
Period5
Blockp
proton50 p+
neutron70 n0
electron50 e-
Animated Bohr model of Sn (Қалъагӣ)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
145 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
140 pm
Metallic Radius
142 pm
ionic radius
55 pm
Crystal Radius
69 pm
Van der Waals radius
217 pm
зичӣ
7,287 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Қалъагӣ0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
1,112067 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,343917 eV/particle
ionization energy of Sn (Қалъагӣ)
enthalpy of vaporization
296 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
7,07 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
301,2 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Bohr model: Sn (Қалъагӣ)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Sn (Қалъагӣ)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Sn (Қалъагӣ)
Orbital Diagram of Sn (Қалъагӣ)
oxidation number-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.96
Electrophilicity Index
1,434238336293717 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 859,15 K
Melting Point
286,35 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Silver
appearancesilvery-white (beta, β) or gray (alpha, α)
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
66,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,000022 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,99 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
9,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000011 m Ω
superconductivity
3,72 K
magnetism
навъdiamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000031 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000368 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000227
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureCentered Tetragonal (TET)
lattice constant
5,82 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
58 GPa
shear modulus
18 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,36
speed of sound
2 500 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number83
Mendeleev Number90
Pettifor Number83
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
53 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
659 a₀
allotropeWhite Tin, Gray Tin
Neutron cross section
0,62
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0002
ададҳои квантӣ3P0
space group141 (I41/amd)

Isotopes of Tin

Stable Isotopes7
Unstable Isotopes35
Natural Isotopes10
Isotopic Composition12032.58%12032.58%11824.22%11824.22%11614.54%11614.54%1177.68%1177.68%1198.59%1198.59%1245.79%1245.79%1224.63%1224.63%1120.97%1120.97%1140.66%1140.66%1150.34%1150.34%

99Sn

Адади массавӣ99
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
98,948495 ± 0,000625 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24 ± 4 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)5%

100Sn

Адади массавӣ100
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
99,938648944 ± 0,000257661 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,18 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)17%

101Sn

Адади массавӣ101
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
100,935259252 ± 0,000322068 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,22 ± 0,05 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)21%

102Sn

Адади массавӣ102
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
101,930289525 ± 0,000107466 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,8 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Sn

Адади массавӣ103
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
102,927973 ± 0,000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.2%

104Sn

Адади массавӣ104
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
103,923105195 ± 0,000006167 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,8 ± 0,5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Sn

Адади массавӣ105
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
104,921268421 ± 0,000004263 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,7 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.011%

106Sn

Адади массавӣ106
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
105,916957394 ± 0,000005465 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,92 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

107Sn

Адади массавӣ107
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
106,915713649 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,9 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Sn

Адади массавӣ108
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
107,91189429 ± 0,000005778 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 0,08 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

109Sn

Адади массавӣ109
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
108,911292857 ± 0,000008533 Da
g-factor
-0,4312 ± 0,0024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,1 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,33 ± 0,11
таърихи кашф1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

110Sn

Адади массавӣ110
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
109,907844835 ± 0,00001479 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,154 ± 0,004 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

111Sn

Адади массавӣ111
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
110,907741143 ± 0,000005728 Da
g-factor
0,17342857142857 ± 0,0011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,3 ± 0,6 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,1
таърихи кашф1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

112Sn

Адади массавӣ112
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
111,904824894 ± 0,000000315 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,97 ± 0,01
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

113Sn

Адади массавӣ113
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
112,905175857 ± 0,00000169 Da
g-factor
-1,7554 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
115,08 ± 0,04 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Sn

Адади массавӣ114
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
113,90278013 ± 0,000000031 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,66 ± 0,01
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1927
parity+

115Sn

Адади массавӣ115
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
114,903344695 ± 0,000000016 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,34 ± 0,01
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1927
parity+

116Sn

Адади массавӣ116
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
115,901742825 ± 0,000000103 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
14,54 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1922
parity+

117Sn

Адади массавӣ117
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
116,902954036 ± 0,000000518 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,68 ± 0,07
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1923
parity+

118Sn

Адади массавӣ118
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
117,90160663 ± 0,000000536 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,22 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1924
parity+

119Sn

Адади массавӣ119
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
118,903311266 ± 0,000000778 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
8,59 ± 0,04
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1925
parity+

120Sn

Адади массавӣ120
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
119,902202557 ± 0,000000987 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,58 ± 0,09
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1926
parity+

121Sn

Адади массавӣ121
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
120,904243488 ± 0,00000105 Da
g-factor
0,4646 ± 0,00073333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
27,03 ± 0,04 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,02 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122Sn

Адади массавӣ122
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
121,903445494 ± 0,000002627 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,63 ± 0,03
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1928
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

123Sn

Адади массавӣ123
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
122,905727065 ± 0,000002661 Da
g-factor
-0,24876363636364 ± 0,0002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
129,2 ± 0,4 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,03 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124Sn

Адади массавӣ124
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
123,905279619 ± 0,00000141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
5,79 ± 0,05
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

125Sn

Адади массавӣ125
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
124,90778937 ± 0,000001426 Da
g-factor
-0,24472727272727 ± 0,00036363636363636
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,634 ± 0,015 d
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,2 ± 0,2
таърихи кашф1939
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Sn

Адади массавӣ126
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
125,907658958 ± 0,000011473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
230 ± 14 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Sn

Адади массавӣ127
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
126,910391726 ± 0,000009904 Da
g-factor
-0,24127272727273 ± 0,0012727272727273
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 0,04 h
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,32 ± 0,14
таърихи кашф1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Sn

Адади массавӣ128
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
127,910507828 ± 0,000018982 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
59,07 ± 0,14 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1956
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

129Sn

Адади массавӣ129
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
128,91348244 ± 0,00001854 Da
g-factor
0,502 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,23 ± 0,04 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,05 ± 0,12
таърихи кашф1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Sn

Адади массавӣ130
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
129,913974531 ± 0,00000201 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,72 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

131Sn

Адади массавӣ131
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
130,917053067 ± 0,000003887 Da
g-factor
0,49733333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 0,5 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,04 ± 0,09
таърихи кашф1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Sn

Адади массавӣ132
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
131,917823898 ± 0,000002121 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,7 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Sn

Адади массавӣ133
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
132,923913753 ± 0,000002043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,37 ± 0,07 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.0294%

134Sn

Адади массавӣ134
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
133,92868043 ± 0,0000034 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
0,93 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

135Sn

Адади массавӣ135
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
134,934908603 ± 0,0000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
515 ± 5 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)21%
2n (2-neutron emission)

136Sn

Адади массавӣ136
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
135,939699 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
355 ± 18 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)28%
2n (2-neutron emission)

137Sn

Адади массавӣ137
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
136,946162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
249 ± 15 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)48%
2n (2-neutron emission)

138Sn

Адади массавӣ138
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
137,951143 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
148 ± 9 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)36%
2n (2-neutron emission)

139Sn

Адади массавӣ139
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
138,957799 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
120 ± 38 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

140Sn

Адади массавӣ140
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
139,962973 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Cín.PNG

таърих

кошифKnown to the ancients.
макони кашф
таърихи кашф
РешашиносӣNamed after Etruscan god, Tinia; symbol from Latin: stannum (tin).
pronunciationTIN (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,3 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,000004 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00002 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00012 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,0000009 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000004 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.008
2p4.1146
2s13.1406
3d14.2583
3p17.6468
3s17.5802
4d32.03
4p28.7348
4s27.342
5p40.898
5s39.3715