Tantalioa

Tantalioa (Ta)

73 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number73
Atomic Weight180.94788
masa-zenbaki181
Group5
Period6
Blockd
protoi73 p+
neutroi108 n0
elektroi73 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ta (Tantalioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
145 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
146 pm
Metallic Radius
134 pm
Erradio ioniko
72 pm
Crystal Radius
86 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
222 pm
dentsitatea
16,4 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Tantalioa020406080100120140160180200220240pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
7,54957 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Ta (Tantalioa)
Irakite-entalpia
758 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
24,7 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
782 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 11, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Ta (Tantalioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Ta (Tantalioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d3 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Ta (Tantalioa)
Orbital Diagram of Ta (Tantalioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-3, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegatibotasun
1.5
Electrophilicity Index
1,0716190618855992 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
5.728,15 K
Melting Point
3.290,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Gray
appearancegray blue
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
57,5 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000063 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,36 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
7,7 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000013 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
4,47 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000107 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000001936 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0001782
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,31 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
6,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
200 GPa
Zizaila modulua
69 GPa
Youngen modulu
186 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,34
Soinuaren lastertasun
3.400 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVA
IUPAC GroupVB
Glawe Number52
Mendeleev Number49
Pettifor Number53
Geochemical Classhigh field strength
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
74 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
20,5
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0041
zenbaki kuantiko4F3/2
talde espazial229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Tantalum

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes1

155Ta

masa-zenbaki155
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
154,974248 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,2 ± 1,3 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2007
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

156Ta

masa-zenbaki156
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
155,972087 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
106 ± 4 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)71%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)29%

157Ta

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,968227445 ± 0,000161087 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,1 ± 0,4 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)96.6%
p (proton emission)3.4%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

158Ta

masa-zenbaki158
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
157,966593 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
49 ± 4 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

159Ta

masa-zenbaki159
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
158,963028046 ± 0,000021137 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,04 ± 0,09 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

160Ta

masa-zenbaki160
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
159,961541678 ± 0,00005831 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,7 ± 0,2 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

161Ta

masa-zenbaki161
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
160,958369489 ± 0,000026174 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

162Ta

masa-zenbaki162
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
161,957292907 ± 0,000067979 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,57 ± 0,12 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.926%
α (α emission)0.074%

163Ta

masa-zenbaki163
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
162,954337194 ± 0,00004086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,6 ± 1,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

164Ta

masa-zenbaki164
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
163,953534 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

165Ta

masa-zenbaki165
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
164,950780287 ± 0,000014571 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
31 ± 1,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Ta

masa-zenbaki166
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
165,950512 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
34,4 ± 0,5 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Ta

masa-zenbaki167
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
166,948093 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,33 ± 0,07 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Ta

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
167,948047 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2 ± 0,1 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

169Ta

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,946011 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,9 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

170Ta

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,946175 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,76 ± 0,06 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171Ta

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,944476 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,3 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172Ta

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,944895 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
36,8 ± 0,3 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173Ta

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,94375 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,68 ± 0,012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,14 ± 0,13 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−1,8 ± 0,2
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

174Ta

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,944454 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,14 ± 0,08 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175Ta

masa-zenbaki175
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
174,943737 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,64857142857143 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,5 ± 0,2 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,5 ± 0,3
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

176Ta

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
175,944857 ± 0,000033 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,09 ± 0,05 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

177Ta

masa-zenbaki177
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,94448194 ± 0,000003558 Da
g-factor
0,64285714285714 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56,36 ± 0,13 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

178Ta

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
177,94568 ± 0,000056 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,36 ± 0,08 h
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

179Ta

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,94593905 ± 0,000001574 Da
g-factor
0,65314285714286 ± 0,0017142857142857
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,82 ± 0,03 y
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,27 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

180Ta

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,947467589 ± 0,000002219 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,154 ± 0,006 h
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)85%
β (β decay)15%

181Ta

masa-zenbaki181
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
180,947998528 ± 0,000001692 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
99,98799 ± 0,00032
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,17 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1932
parity+

182Ta

masa-zenbaki182
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
181,950154612 ± 0,000001693 Da
g-factor
1,0066666666667 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
114,74 ± 0,12 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,6 ± 0,3
aurkikuntza-data1938
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

183Ta

masa-zenbaki183
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
182,95137538 ± 0,000001707 Da
g-factor
0,67428571428571 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,1 ± 0,1 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

184Ta

masa-zenbaki184
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
183,954009958 ± 0,000027923 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,7 ± 0,1 h
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

185Ta

masa-zenbaki185
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,955561317 ± 0,000015202 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
49,4 ± 1,5 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

186Ta

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
185,958553036 ± 0,000064425 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,5 ± 0,3 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

187Ta

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,960391 ± 0,00006 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,3 ± 6 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

188Ta

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,963596 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,6 ± 2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

189Ta

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,96569 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

190Ta

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,969168 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,3 ± 0,7 s
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

191Ta

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,97153 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

192Ta

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,975201 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,2 ± 0,7 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

193Ta

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,97766 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

194Ta

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,98161 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Tantalum single crystal and 1cm3 cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaAnders Ekeberg
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1802
etimologiaFrom king Tantalus of Greek mythology, father of Niobe.
pronunciationTAN-te-lem (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,000002 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000002 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
Abundance in Universe
0,000000008 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.4163
2p4.4136
2s19.0702
3d13.5589
3p21.1996
3s21.9085
4d36.676
4f39.5296
4p34.2652
4s33.2412
5d56.632
5p52.5265
5s50.3065
6s63.475