Terbij[um]

Terbij[um] (Tb)

hemijski element sa simbolom Tb i atomskim brojem 65
Atomic Number65
Atomic Weight158.92535
Maseni broj159
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton65 p+
Neutron94 n0
Elektron65 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Tb (Terbij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
168 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
92,3 pm
Crystal Radius
106,3 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
233 pm
gustoća
8,23 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Terbij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Tb (Terbij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
389 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
388,7 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Tb (Terbij[um])
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Tb (Terbij[um])
electron configuration[Xe] 4f9 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f9 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Tb (Terbij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Tb (Terbij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
Electrophilicity Index
1,3142725121307568 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.503,15 K
Melting Point
1.632,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
11,1 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000103 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,91 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,182 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
0,83 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000012 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000136 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000002161385 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,1117784
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
222 K
Néel temperature
230 K
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,6 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
38,7 GPa
shear modulus
22 GPa
Young's modulus
56 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,26
Brzina zvuka
2.620 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number25
Mendeleev Number29
Pettifor Number26
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
170 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
23
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,009
Kvantni brojevi6H15/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Terbium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes1

135Tb

Maseni broj135
broj neutrona70
relative atomic mass
134,964516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,01 ± 0,28 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

136Tb

Maseni broj136
broj neutrona71
relative atomic mass
135,96146 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

137Tb

Maseni broj137
broj neutrona72
relative atomic mass
136,95602 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

138Tb

Maseni broj138
broj neutrona73
relative atomic mass
137,953193 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)0%

139Tb

Maseni broj139
broj neutrona74
relative atomic mass
138,94833 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,6 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

140Tb

Maseni broj140
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
139,945805048 ± 0,000859359 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,29 ± 0,15 s
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)3%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

141Tb

Maseni broj141
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
140,941448 ± 0,000113 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,5 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1986
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

142Tb

Maseni broj142
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
141,939280858 ± 0,000752079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
597 ± 17 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)96.8%
ϵ (electron capture)3.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0022%

143Tb

Maseni broj143
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
142,935137332 ± 0,000055 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12 ± 1 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

144Tb

Maseni broj144
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
143,933045 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

145Tb

Maseni broj145
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
144,928717001 ± 0,000119051 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,9 ± 0,6 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

146Tb

Maseni broj146
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
145,927252739 ± 0,000048159 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8 ± 4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Tb

Maseni broj147
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
146,92405462 ± 0,000008691 Da
g-factor
3,42 ± 0,1
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,64 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

148Tb

Maseni broj148
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
147,924275476 ± 0,000013379 Da
g-factor
-0,88 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60 ± 1 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,3 ± 0,2
datum otkrića1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Tb

Maseni broj149
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
148,923253792 ± 0,000003895 Da
g-factor
2,72 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,118 ± 0,025 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.3%
α (α emission)16.7%

150Tb

Maseni broj150
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
149,923664799 ± 0,000007912 Da
g-factor
-0,45 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,48 ± 0,16 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1959
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

151Tb

Maseni broj151
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
150,92310897 ± 0,000004395 Da
g-factor
1,852 ± 0,012
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,609 ± 0,001 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9905%
α (α emission)0.0095%

152Tb

Maseni broj152
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
151,924081855 ± 0,000042955 Da
g-factor
-0,29 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,5 ± 0,1 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,34 ± 0,13
datum otkrića1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

153Tb

Maseni broj153
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
152,923441694 ± 0,000004237 Da
g-factor
1,388 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,34 ± 0,01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,08 ± 0,14
datum otkrića1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

154Tb

Maseni broj154
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
153,924683681 ± 0,000048641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,994 ± 0,039 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

155Tb

Maseni broj155
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
154,923509511 ± 0,000010552 Da
g-factor
1,3533333333333 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,32 ± 0,06 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,41 ± 0,06
datum otkrića1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

156Tb

Maseni broj156
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
155,924754209 ± 0,000004044 Da
g-factor
0,56666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,35 ± 0,1 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,3 ± 0,8
datum otkrića1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

157Tb

Maseni broj157
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
156,924031888 ± 0,000001092 Da
g-factor
1,3533333333333 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
71 ± 7 y
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,4 ± 0,08
datum otkrića1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

158Tb

Maseni broj158
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
157,925419942 ± 0,00000136 Da
g-factor
0,58433333333333 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
180 ± 11 y
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.4%
β (β decay)16.6%

159Tb

Maseni broj159
broj neutrona94
relative atomic mass
158,925353707 ± 0,000001184 Da
g-factor
1,3393333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,432 ± 0,008
datum otkrića1933
parity+

160Tb

Maseni broj160
broj neutrona95
relative atomic mass
159,927174553 ± 0,000001191 Da
g-factor
0,566 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
72,3 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,85 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

161Tb

Maseni broj161
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
160,927576806 ± 0,000001308 Da
g-factor
1,4666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,948 ± 0,005 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,3 ± 0,6
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

162Tb

Maseni broj162
broj neutrona97
relative atomic mass
161,9292754 ± 0,0000022 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,6 ± 0,15 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

163Tb

Maseni broj163
broj neutrona98
relative atomic mass
162,930653609 ± 0,000004358 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,5 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

164Tb

Maseni broj164
broj neutrona99
relative atomic mass
163,933327561 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3 ± 0,1 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

165Tb

Maseni broj165
broj neutrona100
relative atomic mass
164,934955198 ± 0,000001654 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,11 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

166Tb

Maseni broj166
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
165,937939727 ± 0,00000157 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
27,1 ± 1,5 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

167Tb

Maseni broj167
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
166,940007046 ± 0,000002071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,9 ± 1,6 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

168Tb

Maseni broj168
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
167,943337074 ± 0,0000045 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,4 ± 0,4 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

169Tb

Maseni broj169
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
168,945807 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,13 ± 0,32 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

170Tb

Maseni broj170
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
169,949855 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
960 ± 78 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

171Tb

Maseni broj171
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
170,953011 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,23 ± 0,1 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

172Tb

Maseni broj172
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
171,957391 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
760 ± 190 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

173Tb

Maseni broj173
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
172,960805 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Tb

Maseni broj174
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
173,965679 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Terbium element

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljCarl Mosander
mjesto otkrićaSweden
datum otkrića1843
EtimologijaNamed after Ytterby, a village in Sweden.
pronunciationTUR-bi-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00000014 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,0000039 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,00000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2739
2p4.3076
2s17.0278
3d13.7015
3p19.9853
3s20.4485
4d34.69
4f39.1352
4p31.6012
4s30.98
5p48.039
5s45.8295
6s56.6996