Terbioa

Terbioa (Tb)

Zenbaki atomikoa 65 duen elementu kimikoa. Lur arraroen multzoko metala da
Atomic Number65
Atomic Weight158.92535
masa-zenbaki159
Group
Period6
Blockf
protoi65 p+
neutroi94 n0
elektroi65 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Tb (Terbioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
175 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
168 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
92,3 pm
Crystal Radius
106,3 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
233 pm
dentsitatea
8,23 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Terbioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Tb (Terbioa)
Irakite-entalpia
389 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
388,7 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Tb (Terbioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Tb (Terbioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f9 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f9 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Tb (Terbioa)
Orbital Diagram of Tb (Terbioa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatibotasun
Electrophilicity Index
1,3142725121307568 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.503,15 K
Melting Point
1.632,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
11,1 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000103 1/K
molar heat capacity
28,91 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,182 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
0,83 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,0000012 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000136 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000002161385 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,1117784
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
222 K
Néel temperature
230 K
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,6 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
38,7 GPa
Zizaila modulua
22 GPa
Youngen modulu
56 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,26
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.620 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number25
Mendeleev Number29
Pettifor Number26
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
170 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
23
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,009
zenbaki kuantiko6H15/2
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Terbium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes1

135Tb

masa-zenbaki135
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
134,964516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,01 ± 0,28 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

136Tb

masa-zenbaki136
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
135,96146 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

137Tb

masa-zenbaki137
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
136,95602 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

138Tb

masa-zenbaki138
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
137,953193 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)0%

139Tb

masa-zenbaki139
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
138,94833 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,6 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

140Tb

masa-zenbaki140
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
139,945805048 ± 0,000859359 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,29 ± 0,15 s
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)3%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

141Tb

masa-zenbaki141
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
140,941448 ± 0,000113 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,5 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

142Tb

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,939280858 ± 0,000752079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
597 ± 17 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)96.8%
ϵ (electron capture)3.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0022%

143Tb

masa-zenbaki143
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
142,935137332 ± 0,000055 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12 ± 1 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

144Tb

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,933045 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

145Tb

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,928717001 ± 0,000119051 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,9 ± 0,6 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

146Tb

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,927252739 ± 0,000048159 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8 ± 4 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Tb

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,92405462 ± 0,000008691 Da
g-factor
3,42 ± 0,1
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,64 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

148Tb

masa-zenbaki148
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
147,924275476 ± 0,000013379 Da
g-factor
−0,88 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
60 ± 1 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,3 ± 0,2
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Tb

masa-zenbaki149
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
148,923253792 ± 0,000003895 Da
g-factor
2,72 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,118 ± 0,025 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.3%
α (α emission)16.7%

150Tb

masa-zenbaki150
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
149,923664799 ± 0,000007912 Da
g-factor
−0,45 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,48 ± 0,16 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

151Tb

masa-zenbaki151
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
150,92310897 ± 0,000004395 Da
g-factor
1,852 ± 0,012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,609 ± 0,001 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9905%
α (α emission)0.0095%

152Tb

masa-zenbaki152
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
151,924081855 ± 0,000042955 Da
g-factor
−0,29 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17,5 ± 0,1 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,34 ± 0,13
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

153Tb

masa-zenbaki153
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
152,923441694 ± 0,000004237 Da
g-factor
1,388 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,34 ± 0,01 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,08 ± 0,14
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

154Tb

masa-zenbaki154
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
153,924683681 ± 0,000048641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,994 ± 0,039 h
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

155Tb

masa-zenbaki155
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
154,923509511 ± 0,000010552 Da
g-factor
1,3533333333333 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,32 ± 0,06 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,41 ± 0,06
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

156Tb

masa-zenbaki156
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
155,924754209 ± 0,000004044 Da
g-factor
0,56666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,35 ± 0,1 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,3 ± 0,8
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

157Tb

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,924031888 ± 0,000001092 Da
g-factor
1,3533333333333 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
71 ± 7 y
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,4 ± 0,08
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

158Tb

masa-zenbaki158
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
157,925419942 ± 0,00000136 Da
g-factor
0,58433333333333 ± 0,0023333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
180 ± 11 y
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.4%
β (β decay)16.6%

159Tb

masa-zenbaki159
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
158,925353707 ± 0,000001184 Da
g-factor
1,3393333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,432 ± 0,008
aurkikuntza-data1933
parity+

160Tb

masa-zenbaki160
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
159,927174553 ± 0,000001191 Da
g-factor
0,566 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
72,3 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,85 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

161Tb

masa-zenbaki161
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
160,927576806 ± 0,000001308 Da
g-factor
1,4666666666667 ± 0,066666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,948 ± 0,005 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,3 ± 0,6
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

162Tb

masa-zenbaki162
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
161,9292754 ± 0,0000022 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,6 ± 0,15 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

163Tb

masa-zenbaki163
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
162,930653609 ± 0,000004358 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,5 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1966
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

164Tb

masa-zenbaki164
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
163,933327561 ± 0,000002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3 ± 0,1 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

165Tb

masa-zenbaki165
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
164,934955198 ± 0,000001654 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,11 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

166Tb

masa-zenbaki166
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
165,937939727 ± 0,00000157 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
27,1 ± 1,5 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

167Tb

masa-zenbaki167
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
166,940007046 ± 0,000002071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18,9 ± 1,6 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

168Tb

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
167,943337074 ± 0,0000045 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,4 ± 0,4 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

169Tb

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,945807 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,13 ± 0,32 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

170Tb

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,949855 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
960 ± 78 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

171Tb

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,953011 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,23 ± 0,1 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

172Tb

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,957391 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
760 ± 190 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

173Tb

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,960805 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Tb

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,965679 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Terbium element

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaCarl Mosander
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1843
etimologiaNamed after Ytterby, a village in Sweden.
pronunciationTUR-bi-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00000014 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,0000039 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,00000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2739
2p4.3076
2s17.0278
3d13.7015
3p19.9853
3s20.4485
4d34.69
4f39.1352
4p31.6012
4s30.98
5p48.039
5s45.8295
6s56.6996