Terbium

Terbium (Tb)

element with the atomic number of 65
Atomic Number65
Atomic Weight158.92535
Nombor jisim159
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton65 p+
neutron94 n0
Elektron65 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Tb (Terbium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
175 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
168 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
92.3 pm
Crystal Radius
106.3 pm
Jejari van der Waals
233 pm
ketumpatan
8.23 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Terbium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
ionization energy of Tb (Terbium)
Entalpi pengewapan
389 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
standard enthalpy of formation
388.7 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 27, 8, 2
Model Bohr: Tb (Terbium)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Tb (Terbium)
tatarajah elektron[Xe] 4f9 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f9 6s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Tb (Terbium)
Orbital Diagram of Tb (Terbium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Keelektronegatifan
Electrophilicity Index
1.3142725121307568 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,503.15 K
Melting Point
1,632.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery white
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
11.1 W/(m K)
Pengembangan terma
0.0000103 1/K
molar heat capacity
28.91 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.182 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
0.83 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.0000012 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000136 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000002161385 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.1117784
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
222 K
Néel temperature
230 K
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3.6 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
38.7 GPa
shear modulus
22 GPa
Young's modulus
56 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.26
Kelajuan bunyi
2,620 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number25
Mendeleev Number29
Pettifor Number26
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
170 ± 20 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
23
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.009
Nombor kuantum6H15/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Terbium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes1

135Tb

Nombor jisim135
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
134.964516 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.01 ± 0.28 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2004
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

136Tb

Nombor jisim136
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
135.96146 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

137Tb

Nombor jisim137
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
136.95602 ± 0.00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

138Tb

Nombor jisim138
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
137.953193 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1993
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)0%

139Tb

Nombor jisim139
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
138.94833 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.6 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

140Tb

Nombor jisim140
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
139.945805048 ± 0.000859359 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.29 ± 0.15 s
Spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1986
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)3%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

141Tb

Nombor jisim141
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
140.941448 ± 0.000113 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.5 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1986
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

142Tb

Nombor jisim142
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
141.939280858 ± 0.000752079 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
597 ± 17 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1991
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)96.8%
ϵ (electron capture)3.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0022%

143Tb

Nombor jisim143
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
142.935137332 ± 0.000055 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
12 ± 1 s
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1985
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

144Tb

Nombor jisim144
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
143.933045 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

145Tb

Nombor jisim145
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
144.928717001 ± 0.000119051 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30.9 ± 0.6 s
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

146Tb

Nombor jisim146
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
145.927252739 ± 0.000048159 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8 ± 4 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

147Tb

Nombor jisim147
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
146.92405462 ± 0.000008691 Da
g-factor
3.42 ± 0.1
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.64 ± 0.03 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1969
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

148Tb

Nombor jisim148
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
147.924275476 ± 0.000013379 Da
g-factor
-0.88 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
60 ± 1 m
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.3 ± 0.2
tarikh penemuan1960
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Tb

Nombor jisim149
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
148.923253792 ± 0.000003895 Da
g-factor
2.72 ± 0.04
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.118 ± 0.025 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1950
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.3%
α (α emission)16.7%

150Tb

Nombor jisim150
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
149.923664799 ± 0.000007912 Da
g-factor
-0.45 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.48 ± 0.16 h
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1959
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

151Tb

Nombor jisim151
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
150.92310897 ± 0.000004395 Da
g-factor
1.852 ± 0.012
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
17.609 ± 0.001 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1953
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.9905%
α (α emission)0.0095%

152Tb

Nombor jisim152
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
151.924081855 ± 0.000042955 Da
g-factor
-0.29 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
17.5 ± 0.1 h
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.34 ± 0.13
tarikh penemuan1959
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

153Tb

Nombor jisim153
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
152.923441694 ± 0.000004237 Da
g-factor
1.388 ± 0.008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.34 ± 0.01 d
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.08 ± 0.14
tarikh penemuan1957
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

154Tb

Nombor jisim154
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
153.924683681 ± 0.000048641 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.994 ± 0.039 h
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1972
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

155Tb

Nombor jisim155
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
154.923509511 ± 0.000010552 Da
g-factor
1.3533333333333 ± 0.013333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.32 ± 0.06 d
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.41 ± 0.06
tarikh penemuan1957
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

156Tb

Nombor jisim156
nombor neutron91
jisim atom relatif
155.924754209 ± 0.000004044 Da
g-factor
0.56666666666667 ± 0.066666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.35 ± 0.1 d
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.3 ± 0.8
tarikh penemuan1950
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)

157Tb

Nombor jisim157
nombor neutron92
jisim atom relatif
156.924031888 ± 0.000001092 Da
g-factor
1.3533333333333 ± 0.013333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
71 ± 7 y
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.4 ± 0.08
tarikh penemuan1960
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

158Tb

Nombor jisim158
nombor neutron93
jisim atom relatif
157.925419942 ± 0.00000136 Da
g-factor
0.58433333333333 ± 0.0023333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
180 ± 11 y
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1957
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)83.4%
β (β decay)16.6%

159Tb

Nombor jisim159
nombor neutron94
jisim atom relatif
158.925353707 ± 0.000001184 Da
g-factor
1.3393333333333 ± 0.0026666666666667
natural abundance
100
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.432 ± 0.008
tarikh penemuan1933
parity+

160Tb

Nombor jisim160
nombor neutron95
jisim atom relatif
159.927174553 ± 0.000001191 Da
g-factor
0.566 ± 0.0026666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
72.3 ± 0.2 d
Spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.85 ± 0.05
tarikh penemuan1943
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

161Tb

Nombor jisim161
nombor neutron96
jisim atom relatif
160.927576806 ± 0.000001308 Da
g-factor
1.4666666666667 ± 0.066666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.948 ± 0.005 d
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.3 ± 0.6
tarikh penemuan1949
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

162Tb

Nombor jisim162
nombor neutron97
jisim atom relatif
161.9292754 ± 0.0000022 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
7.6 ± 0.15 m
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1965
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

163Tb

Nombor jisim163
nombor neutron98
jisim atom relatif
162.930653609 ± 0.000004358 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19.5 ± 0.3 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1966
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

164Tb

Nombor jisim164
nombor neutron99
jisim atom relatif
163.933327561 ± 0.000002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3 ± 0.1 m
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1968
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

165Tb

Nombor jisim165
nombor neutron100
jisim atom relatif
164.934955198 ± 0.000001654 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.11 ± 0.1 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1983
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

166Tb

Nombor jisim166
nombor neutron101
jisim atom relatif
165.937939727 ± 0.00000157 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
27.1 ± 1.5 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1996
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

167Tb

Nombor jisim167
nombor neutron102
jisim atom relatif
166.940007046 ± 0.000002071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
18.9 ± 1.6 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

168Tb

Nombor jisim168
nombor neutron103
jisim atom relatif
167.943337074 ± 0.0000045 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.4 ± 0.4 s
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

169Tb

Nombor jisim169
nombor neutron104
jisim atom relatif
168.945807 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.13 ± 0.32 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

170Tb

Nombor jisim170
nombor neutron105
jisim atom relatif
169.949855 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
960 ± 78 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

171Tb

Nombor jisim171
nombor neutron106
jisim atom relatif
170.953011 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.23 ± 0.1 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

172Tb

Nombor jisim172
nombor neutron107
jisim atom relatif
171.957391 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
760 ± 190 ms
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2012
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

173Tb

Nombor jisim173
nombor neutron108
jisim atom relatif
172.960805 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2018
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

174Tb

Nombor jisim174
nombor neutron109
jisim atom relatif
173.965679 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2018
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Terbium element

sejarah

penemu atau perekaCarl Mosander
tempat penemuanSweden
tarikh penemuan1843
EtimologiNamed after Ytterby, a village in Sweden.
sebutanTUR-bi-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1.2 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
0.00000014 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.0000039 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.00000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.2739
2p4.3076
2s17.0278
3d13.7015
3p19.9853
3s20.4485
4d34.69
4f39.1352
4p31.6012
4s30.98
5p48.039
5s45.8295
6s56.6996