Telur

Telur (Te)

hemijski element sa simbolom Te i atomskim brojem 52
Atomic Number52
Atomic Weight127.6
Maseni broj130
Group16
Period5
Blockp
Proton52 p+
Neutron78 n0
Elektron52 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Te (Telur)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
140 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
136 pm
Metallic Radius
137 pm
Ionski radijus
221 pm
Crystal Radius
207 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
206 pm
gustoća
6,232 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Telur0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
1,970876 eV/particle
ionization energy
9,00966 eV/particle
ionization energy of Te (Telur)
Toplota isparavanja
49,8 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
17,91 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
196,6 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 6
Bohrov model atoma: Te (Telur)
Valentni elektron6
Lewis structure: Te (Telur)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p4
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Te (Telur)
Orbital Diagram of Te (Telur)
oksidacijsko stanje-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegativnost
2.1
Electrophilicity Index
2,141210947219293 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.261,15 K
Melting Point
722,66 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
2.329,15 K
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearance
Indeks prelamanja
1,000991
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
14,3 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
25,73 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,202 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeSemiconductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
0,01 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0001 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000039 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000498 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000243
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (HEX)
lattice constant
4,45 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
2,25 MPa
bulk modulus
65 GPa
shear modulus
16 GPa
Young's modulus
43 GPa
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
2.610 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number94
Mendeleev Number102
Pettifor Number92
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
38 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
445 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
5,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0013
Kvantni brojevi3P2
space group152 (P3121)

Isotopes of Tellurium

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes8
Isotopic Composition13037.87%13037.87%12835.27%12835.27%1269.82%1269.82%1257.86%1257.86%1245.27%1245.27%1222.83%1222.83%1200.10%1200.10%1230.99%1230.99%

104Te

Maseni broj104
broj neutrona52
relative atomic mass
103,946723408 ± 0,000340967 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

105Te

Maseni broj105
broj neutrona53
relative atomic mass
104,943304516 ± 0,000322084 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
633 ± 66 ns
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2006
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

106Te

Maseni broj106
broj neutrona54
relative atomic mass
105,937498521 ± 0,000107934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
78 ± 11 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

107Te

Maseni broj107
broj neutrona55
relative atomic mass
106,934882 ± 0,000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,22 ± 0,09 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

108Te

Maseni broj108
broj neutrona56
relative atomic mass
107,929380469 ± 0,000005808 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,1 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)51%
α (α emission)49%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.4%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.065%

109Te

Maseni broj109
broj neutrona57
relative atomic mass
108,927304532 ± 0,000004704 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,4 ± 0,2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.1%
α (α emission)3.9%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)9.4%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.0049%

110Te

Maseni broj110
broj neutrona58
relative atomic mass
109,922458102 ± 0,000007058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,6 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

111Te

Maseni broj111
broj neutrona59
relative atomic mass
110,921000587 ± 0,0000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
26,2 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1967
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112Te

Maseni broj112
broj neutrona60
relative atomic mass
111,916727848 ± 0,000009 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Te

Maseni broj113
broj neutrona61
relative atomic mass
112,915891 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,7 ± 0,2 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Te

Maseni broj114
broj neutrona62
relative atomic mass
113,91208782 ± 0,000026224 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,2 ± 0,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Te

Maseni broj115
broj neutrona63
relative atomic mass
114,911902 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,8 ± 0,2 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Te

Maseni broj116
broj neutrona64
relative atomic mass
115,908465558 ± 0,000025986 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,49 ± 0,04 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Te

Maseni broj117
broj neutrona65
relative atomic mass
116,908646227 ± 0,000014444 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
62 ± 2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)75%
e+ (positron emission)25%

118Te

Maseni broj118
broj neutrona66
relative atomic mass
117,905860104 ± 0,000019652 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6 ± 0,02 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

119Te

Maseni broj119
broj neutrona67
relative atomic mass
118,906405699 ± 0,000007813 Da
g-factor
0,5 ± 0,1
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
16,05 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)97.94%
e+ (positron emission)2.06%

120Te

Maseni broj120
broj neutrona68
relative atomic mass
119,904065779 ± 0,00000188 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,09 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1936
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

121Te

Maseni broj121
broj neutrona69
relative atomic mass
120,904945065 ± 0,000027734 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,31 ± 0,07 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122Te

Maseni broj122
broj neutrona70
relative atomic mass
121,903044708 ± 0,000001456 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,55 ± 0,12
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1932
parity+

123Te

Maseni broj123
broj neutrona71
relative atomic mass
122,904271022 ± 0,000001454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0,89 ± 0,03
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1932
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

124Te

Maseni broj124
broj neutrona72
relative atomic mass
123,902818341 ± 0,000001451 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,74 ± 0,14
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1932
parity+

125Te

Maseni broj125
broj neutrona73
relative atomic mass
124,904431178 ± 0,000001451 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7,07 ± 0,15
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1931
parity+

126Te

Maseni broj126
broj neutrona74
relative atomic mass
125,903312144 ± 0,000001453 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8,84 ± 0,25
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1924
parity+

127Te

Maseni broj127
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
126,905226993 ± 0,000001465 Da
g-factor
0,42333333333333 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,35 ± 0,07 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

128Te

Maseni broj128
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
127,904461237 ± 0,000000758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
31,74 ± 0,08
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,25 ± 0,09 Yy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

129Te

Maseni broj129
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
128,906596419 ± 0,000000763 Da
g-factor
0,468 ± 0,0026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
69,6 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,055 ± 0,013
datum otkrića1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

130Te

Maseni broj130
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
129,906222745 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
34,08 ± 0,62
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
791 ± 21 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

131Te

Maseni broj131
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
130,90852221 ± 0,000000065 Da
g-factor
0,464 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25 ± 0,1 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

132Te

Maseni broj132
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
131,908546713 ± 0,000003742 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,204 ± 0,013 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

133Te

Maseni broj133
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
132,91096333 ± 0,000002218 Da
g-factor
0,56666666666667 ± 0,013333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
12,5 ± 0,3 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,09
datum otkrića1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Te

Maseni broj134
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
133,911396376 ± 0,000002948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
41,8 ± 0,8 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

135Te

Maseni broj135
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
134,916554715 ± 0,000001848 Da
g-factor
-0,19714285714286 ± 0,014285714285714
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,29 ± 0,09
datum otkrića1969
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

136Te

Maseni broj136
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
135,92010118 ± 0,000002448 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,63 ± 0,09 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.37%

137Te

Maseni broj137
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
136,925599354 ± 0,000002254 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,49 ± 0,05 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.94%

138Te

Maseni broj138
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
137,929472452 ± 0,000004065 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,46 ± 0,25 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)4.8%

139Te

Maseni broj139
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
138,935367191 ± 0,0000038 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
724 ± 81 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

140Te

Maseni broj140
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
139,939487057 ± 0,000015434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
351 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

141Te

Maseni broj141
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
140,945604 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
193 ± 16 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Te

Maseni broj142
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
141,950027 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
147 ± 8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

143Te

Maseni broj143
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
142,956489 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
120 ± 8 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

144Te

Maseni broj144
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
143,961116 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
93 ± 60 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2015
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

145Te

Maseni broj145
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
144,967783 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Tellurium element 2

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljFranz Müller von Reichenstein
mjesto otkrićaRomania
datum otkrića1782
EtimologijaLatin: tellus (earth).
pronunciationte-LOOR-i-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,001 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,00021 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
Abundance in Universe
0,0000009 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0432
2p4.14
2s13.6688
3d14.1607
3p17.9911
3s18.0019
4d32.04
4p28.878
4s27.5916
5p41.1915
5s39.462