Telurium

Telurium (Te)

chemical element with symbol Te and atomic number 52
Atomic Number52
Atomic Weight127.6
Nombor jisim130
Group16
Period5
Blockp
proton52 p+
neutron78 n0
Elektron52 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Te (Telurium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
140 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
136 pm
Metallic Radius
137 pm
ionic radius
221 pm
Crystal Radius
207 pm
Jejari van der Waals
206 pm
ketumpatan
6.232 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Telurium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
Pertalian elektron
1.970876 eV/particle
ionization energy
9.00966 eV/particle
ionization energy of Te (Telurium)
Entalpi pengewapan
49.8 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
17.91 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
196.6 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 18, 6
Model Bohr: Te (Telurium)
Elektron valens6
Teori ion Lewis: Te (Telurium)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p4
Enhanced Model Bohr of Te (Telurium)
Orbital Diagram of Te (Telurium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Keelektronegatifan
2.1
Electrophilicity Index
2.141210947219293 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,261.15 K
Melting Point
722.66 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
2,329.15 K
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupa
indeks biasan
1.000991
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
14.3 W/(m K)
Pengembangan terma
molar heat capacity
25.73 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.202 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeSemiconductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
0.01 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.0001 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0.0000000039 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0.000000000498 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0.0000243
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Trigonal (HEX)
lattice constant
4.45 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
2.25 MPa
Modulus pukal
65 GPa
shear modulus
16 GPa
Young's modulus
43 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
Kelajuan bunyi
2,610 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryMetalloids, Metalloids
CAS GroupVIB
IUPAC GroupVIA
Glawe Number94
Mendeleev Number102
Pettifor Number92
Geochemical Classsemi-volatile
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
38 ± 4 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
445 a₀
allotrope
Neutron cross section
5.4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0013
Nombor kuantum3P2
space group152 (P3121)

Isotopes of Tellurium

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes8
Isotopic Composition13037.87%13037.87%12835.27%12835.27%1269.82%1269.82%1257.86%1257.86%1245.27%1245.27%1222.83%1222.83%1200.10%1200.10%1230.99%1230.99%

104Te

Nombor jisim104
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
103.946723408 ± 0.000340967 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

105Te

Nombor jisim105
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
104.943304516 ± 0.000322084 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
633 ± 66 ns
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2006
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

106Te

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
105.937498521 ± 0.000107934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
78 ± 11 us
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)100%

107Te

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
106.934882 ± 0.000108 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.22 ± 0.09 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1979
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
α (α emission)70%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

108Te

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
107.929380469 ± 0.000005808 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.1 ± 0.1 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)51%
α (α emission)49%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)2.4%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.065%

109Te

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
108.927304532 ± 0.000004704 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.4 ± 0.2 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.1%
α (α emission)3.9%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)9.4%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.0049%

110Te

Nombor jisim110
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
109.922458102 ± 0.000007058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
18.6 ± 0.8 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

111Te

Nombor jisim111
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
110.921000587 ± 0.0000069 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
26.2 ± 0.6 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1967
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112Te

Nombor jisim112
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
111.916727848 ± 0.000009 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2 ± 0.2 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1976
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

113Te

Nombor jisim113
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
112.915891 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.7 ± 0.2 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

114Te

Nombor jisim114
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
113.91208782 ± 0.000026224 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
15.2 ± 0.7 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1968
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Te

Nombor jisim115
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
114.911902 ± 0.00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.8 ± 0.2 m
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1961
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

116Te

Nombor jisim116
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
115.908465558 ± 0.000025986 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.49 ± 0.04 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Te

Nombor jisim117
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
116.908646227 ± 0.000014444 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
62 ± 2 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)75%
e+ (positron emission)25%

118Te

Nombor jisim118
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
117.905860104 ± 0.000019652 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6 ± 0.02 d
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

119Te

Nombor jisim119
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
118.906405699 ± 0.000007813 Da
g-factor
0.5 ± 0.1
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
16.05 ± 0.05 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)97.94%
e+ (positron emission)2.06%

120Te

Nombor jisim120
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
119.904065779 ± 0.00000188 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.09 ± 0.01
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1936
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
+ (double β+ decay)

121Te

Nombor jisim121
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
120.904945065 ± 0.000027734 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19.31 ± 0.07 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1939
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122Te

Nombor jisim122
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
121.903044708 ± 0.000001456 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2.55 ± 0.12
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1932
parity+

123Te

Nombor jisim123
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
122.904271022 ± 0.000001454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
0.89 ± 0.03
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1932
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

124Te

Nombor jisim124
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
123.902818341 ± 0.000001451 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4.74 ± 0.14
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1932
parity+

125Te

Nombor jisim125
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
124.904431178 ± 0.000001451 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
7.07 ± 0.15
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1931
parity+

126Te

Nombor jisim126
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
125.903312144 ± 0.000001453 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8.84 ± 0.25
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1924
parity+

127Te

Nombor jisim127
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
126.905226993 ± 0.000001465 Da
g-factor
0.42333333333333 ± 0.0026666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.35 ± 0.07 h
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1938
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

128Te

Nombor jisim128
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
127.904461237 ± 0.000000758 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
31.74 ± 0.08
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.25 ± 0.09 Yy
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1924
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
(double β decay)100%

129Te

Nombor jisim129
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
128.906596419 ± 0.000000763 Da
g-factor
0.468 ± 0.0026666666666667
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
69.6 ± 0.3 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.055 ± 0.013
tarikh penemuan1939
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

130Te

Nombor jisim130
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
129.906222745 ± 0.000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
34.08 ± 0.62
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
791 ± 21 Ey
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1924
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
(double β decay)100%

131Te

Nombor jisim131
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
130.90852221 ± 0.000000065 Da
g-factor
0.464 ± 0.006
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
25 ± 0.1 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1939
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

132Te

Nombor jisim132
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
131.908546713 ± 0.000003742 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.204 ± 0.013 d
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

133Te

Nombor jisim133
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
132.91096333 ± 0.000002218 Da
g-factor
0.56666666666667 ± 0.013333333333333
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
12.5 ± 0.3 m
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.23 ± 0.09
tarikh penemuan1940
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

134Te

Nombor jisim134
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
133.911396376 ± 0.000002948 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
41.8 ± 0.8 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

135Te

Nombor jisim135
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
134.916554715 ± 0.000001848 Da
g-factor
-0.19714285714286 ± 0.014285714285714
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
19 ± 0.2 s
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.29 ± 0.09
tarikh penemuan1969
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

136Te

Nombor jisim136
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
135.92010118 ± 0.000002448 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
17.63 ± 0.09 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1974
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.37%

137Te

Nombor jisim137
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
136.925599354 ± 0.000002254 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.49 ± 0.05 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1975
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.94%

138Te

Nombor jisim138
nombor neutron86
jisim atom relatif
137.929472452 ± 0.000004065 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.46 ± 0.25 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)4.8%

139Te

Nombor jisim139
nombor neutron87
jisim atom relatif
138.935367191 ± 0.0000038 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
724 ± 81 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

140Te

Nombor jisim140
nombor neutron88
jisim atom relatif
139.939487057 ± 0.000015434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
351 ± 5 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

141Te

Nombor jisim141
nombor neutron89
jisim atom relatif
140.945604 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
193 ± 16 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

142Te

Nombor jisim142
nombor neutron90
jisim atom relatif
141.950027 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
147 ± 8 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

143Te

Nombor jisim143
nombor neutron91
jisim atom relatif
142.956489 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
120 ± 8 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

144Te

Nombor jisim144
nombor neutron92
jisim atom relatif
143.961116 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
93 ± 60 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2015
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

145Te

Nombor jisim145
nombor neutron93
jisim atom relatif
144.967783 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Tellurium element 2

sejarah

penemu atau perekaFranz Müller von Reichenstein
tempat penemuanRomania
tarikh penemuan1782
EtimologiLatin: tellus (earth).
sebutante-LOOR-i-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.001 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.00021 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
Abundance in Universe
0.0000009 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0432
2p4.14
2s13.6688
3d14.1607
3p17.9911
3s18.0019
4d32.04
4p28.878
4s27.5916
5p41.1915
5s39.462