Talioa

Talioa (Tl)

81 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number81
Atomic Weight204.38
masa-zenbaki205
Group13
Period6
Blockp
protoi81 p+
neutroi124 n0
elektroi81 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Tl (Talioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
190 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
144 pm
Metallic Radius
144 pm
Erradio ioniko
150 pm
Crystal Radius
164 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
196 pm
dentsitatea
11,8 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Talioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
6,108287 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Tl (Talioa)
Irakite-entalpia
162,4 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
4,31 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
182,2 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 3
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Tl (Talioa)
balentzia-elektroi3
Lewis egitura: Tl (Talioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Tl (Talioa)
Orbital Diagram of Tl (Talioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-5, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatibotasun
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
0,9173102715055317 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.746,15 K
Melting Point
577,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
46,1 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000299 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,32 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,129 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
6,7 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000015 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
2,38 K
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,000000003 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000613 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000356
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,46 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
1,2 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
43 GPa
Zizaila modulua
2,8 GPa
Youngen modulu
8 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,45
Soinuaren lastertasun
818 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIIIB
IUPAC GroupIIIA
Glawe Number81
Mendeleev Number85
Pettifor Number78
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
50 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
3,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00059
zenbaki kuantiko2P1/2
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thallium

Stable Isotopes2
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes2
Isotopic Composition20570.49%20570.49%20329.52%20329.52%

176Tl

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,000627731 ± 0,000089166 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,2 ± 2,3 ms
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2004
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
α (α emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

177Tl

masa-zenbaki177
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,996414252 ± 0,000023218 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18 ± 5 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)73%
p (proton emission)

178Tl

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
177,995047 ± 0,00011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
255 ± 9 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)62%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)38%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.15%

179Tl

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,991122185 ± 0,000041495 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
437 ± 9 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)60%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

180Tl

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,98991895 ± 0,000075058 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,09 ± 0,01 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)93%
α (α emission)7%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)0.0032%

181Tl

masa-zenbaki181
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
180,986259978 ± 0,000009771 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,9 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)8.6%

182Tl

masa-zenbaki182
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
181,985692649 ± 0,000012856 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,9 ± 0,1 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1991
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.49%
β+ SF (β+-delayed fission)3.4%

183Tl

masa-zenbaki183
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
182,982192843 ± 0,000010017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,9 ± 0,7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

184Tl

masa-zenbaki184
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
183,981874973 ± 0,000010747 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,5 ± 0,2 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.78%
α (α emission)1.22%

185Tl

masa-zenbaki185
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,978789189 ± 0,000022194 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,5 ± 0,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

186Tl

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
185,978654787 ± 0,000022276 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,5 ± 0,5 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)

187Tl

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,97590474 ± 0,00000864 Da
g-factor
3,08 ± 0,12
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

188Tl

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,976020886 ± 0,000032103 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
71 ± 2 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

189Tl

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,973573525 ± 0,000008983 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,3 ± 0,2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

190Tl

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,973841771 ± 0,000007784 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,6 ± 0,3 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

191Tl

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,971784093 ± 0,000007889 Da
g-factor
3,164 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

192Tl

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,972225 ± 0,000034 Da
g-factor
0,0995 ± 0,0015
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,6 ± 0,4 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

193Tl

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,970501994 ± 0,0000072 Da
g-factor
3,17 ± 0,006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,6 ± 0,8 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

194Tl

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,971081408 ± 0,000015 Da
g-factor
0,0695 ± 0,0015
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33 ± 0,5 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,282 ± 0,007
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

195Tl

masa-zenbaki195
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
194,969774052 ± 0,000011944 Da
g-factor
3,14 ± 0,08
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,16 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Tl

masa-zenbaki196
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
195,970481189 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
0,036 ± 0,0015
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,84 ± 0,03 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,178 ± 0,014
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

197Tl

masa-zenbaki197
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
196,969560492 ± 0,000014573 Da
g-factor
3,14 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,84 ± 0,04 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Tl

masa-zenbaki198
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
197,970446669 ± 0,0000081 Da
g-factor
0 ± 0,005
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,3 ± 0,5 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Tl

masa-zenbaki199
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
198,969877 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
3,18 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,42 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Tl

masa-zenbaki200
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
199,970963608 ± 0,000006182 Da
g-factor
0,02 ± 0,005
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
26,1 ± 0,1 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

201Tl

masa-zenbaki201
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
200,970820235 ± 0,000015228 Da
g-factor
3,198 ± 0,006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,0421 ± 0,0008 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

202Tl

masa-zenbaki202
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
201,972108874 ± 0,000001972 Da
g-factor
0,03 ± 0,005
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
12,31 ± 0,08 d
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Tl

masa-zenbaki203
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
202,972344098 ± 0,000001257 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
29,515 ± 0,044
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

204Tl

masa-zenbaki204
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
203,97386342 ± 0,000001238 Da
g-factor
0,045 ± 0,005
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,783 ± 0,012 y
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)97.08%
EC+B+2.92%

205Tl

masa-zenbaki205
neutron number124
atomo-masa erlatibo
204,974427318 ± 0,00000133 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
70,485 ± 0,044
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1931
parity+

206Tl

masa-zenbaki206
neutron number125
atomo-masa erlatibo
205,976110108 ± 0,00000138 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,202 ± 0,011 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

207Tl

masa-zenbaki207
neutron number126
atomo-masa erlatibo
206,977418605 ± 0,000005839 Da
g-factor
3,738 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,77 ± 0,02 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1908
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

208Tl

masa-zenbaki208
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
207,982018006 ± 0,000001989 Da
g-factor
0,0582 ± 0,0026
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,053 ± 0,004 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1909
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

209Tl

masa-zenbaki209
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
208,985351713 ± 0,000006559 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,162 ± 0,007 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

210Tl

masa-zenbaki210
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
209,990072942 ± 0,000012456 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,3 ± 0,03 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1909
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.009%

211Tl

masa-zenbaki211
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
210,993475 ± 0,000045 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
81 ± 16 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.2%

212Tl

masa-zenbaki212
neutron number131
atomo-masa erlatibo
211,998335 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
31 ± 8 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.8%

213Tl

masa-zenbaki213
neutron number132
atomo-masa erlatibo
213,001915 ± 0,000029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,8 ± 4,4 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7.6%

214Tl

masa-zenbaki214
neutron number133
atomo-masa erlatibo
214,00694 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11 ± 2,4 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%

215Tl

masa-zenbaki215
neutron number134
atomo-masa erlatibo
215,010768 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,7 ± 3,8 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)4.6%

216Tl

masa-zenbaki216
neutron number135
atomo-masa erlatibo
216,015964 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,9 ± 3,3 s
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)11.5%

217Tl

masa-zenbaki217
neutron number136
atomo-masa erlatibo
217,020032 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

218Tl

masa-zenbaki218
neutron number137
atomo-masa erlatibo
218,025454 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thallium pieces in ampoule
Thallium-croprotated

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaSir William Crookes
aurkikuntzaren lekuaEngland
aurkikuntza-data1861
etimologiaGreek: thallos (green twig), for a bright green line in its spectrum.
pronunciationTHAL-i-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,85 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,000019 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,0000078 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5591
2p4.5138
2s21.3158
3d13.4658
3p22.6335
3s23.5809
4d37.6112
4f38.1324
4p35.7832
4s34.9212
5d58.975
5p53.9115
5s51.878
6p68.7462
6s68.1804