Thulijum, ²Tulij

Thulijum, ²Tulij (Tm)

hemijski element sa simbolom Tm i atomskim brojem 69
Atomic Number69
Atomic Weight168.93422
Maseni broj169
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton69 p+
Neutron100 n0
Elektron69 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Tm (Thulijum, ²Tulij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
164 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
103 pm
Crystal Radius
117 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
227 pm
gustoća
9,321 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Thulijum, ²Tulij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,18431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Tm (Thulijum, ²Tulij)
Toplota isparavanja
232 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
232,2 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Tm (Thulijum, ²Tulij)
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Tm (Thulijum, ²Tulij)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f13 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Tm (Thulijum, ²Tulij)
Orbital Diagram of Tm (Thulijum, ²Tulij)
oksidacijsko stanje0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
1.25
Electrophilicity Index
1,2616079623752015 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.223,15 K
Melting Point
1.818,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery gray
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000133 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
1,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000007 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000199 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000336179 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0185488
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
25 K
Néel temperature
56 K
struktura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,54 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
45 GPa
shear modulus
31 GPa
Young's modulus
74 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Brzina zvuka
klasifikacija
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number20
Mendeleev Number37
Pettifor Number22
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
144 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
105
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,025
Kvantni brojevi2F7/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thulium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

144Tm

Maseni broj144
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
143,976211 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,3 ± 0,9 us
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Tm

Maseni broj145
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
144,970389 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,17 ± 0,2 us
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

146Tm

Maseni broj146
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
145,966661 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
155 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Tm

Maseni broj147
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
146,961379887 ± 0,000007341 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
580 ± 30 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)85%
p (proton emission)15%

148Tm

Maseni broj148
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
147,958384026 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
700 ± 200 ms
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Tm

Maseni broj149
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
148,952828 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
900 ± 200 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

150Tm

Maseni broj150
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
149,95009 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Tm

Maseni broj151
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
150,945494433 ± 0,000020799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,17 ± 0,11 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Tm

Maseni broj152
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
151,944476 ± 0,000058 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8 ± 1 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1980
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Tm

Maseni broj153
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
152,942058023 ± 0,00001286 Da
g-factor
1,26 ± 0,02
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,48 ± 0,01 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 1
datum otkrića1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)91%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)9%

154Tm

Maseni broj154
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
153,941570062 ± 0,000015471 Da
g-factor
-0,57 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,1 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,9
datum otkrića1964
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)54%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)46%

155Tm

Maseni broj155
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
154,939209576 ± 0,000010651 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,6 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.17%
α (α emission)0.83%

156Tm

Maseni broj156
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
155,938985746 ± 0,000015328 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,015
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
83,8 ± 1,8 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,48 ± 0,11
datum otkrića1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.064%

157Tm

Maseni broj157
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
156,936973 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,952 ± 0,03
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,63 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.5%

158Tm

Maseni broj158
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
157,936979525 ± 0,000027074 Da
g-factor
0,02 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,98 ± 0,06 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,11
datum otkrića1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

159Tm

Maseni broj159
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
158,934975 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
1,368 ± 0,012
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,13 ± 0,16 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,93 ± 0,07
datum otkrića1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Tm

Maseni broj160
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
159,935264177 ± 0,000035089 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,02
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,58 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Tm

Maseni broj161
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
160,933549 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,68571428571429 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,2 ± 0,8 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,9 ± 0,07
datum otkrića1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Tm

Maseni broj162
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
161,934001211 ± 0,000027974 Da
g-factor
0,068 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,7 ± 0,19 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,69 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Tm

Maseni broj163
broj neutrona94
relative atomic mass
162,932658282 ± 0,00000592 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,81 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Tm

Maseni broj164
broj neutrona95
relative atomic mass
163,933538019 ± 0,000026845 Da
g-factor
2,37 ± 0,03
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,71 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)61%
e+ (positron emission)39%

165Tm

Maseni broj165
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
164,932441843 ± 0,000001779 Da
g-factor
-0,278 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,06 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Tm

Maseni broj166
broj neutrona97
relative atomic mass
165,933562136 ± 0,000012401 Da
g-factor
0,0463 ± 0,00035
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,7 ± 0,03 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,14 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Tm

Maseni broj167
broj neutrona98
relative atomic mass
166,932857206 ± 0,00000135 Da
g-factor
-0,394 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,25 ± 0,02 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

168Tm

Maseni broj168
broj neutrona99
relative atomic mass
167,934178457 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,075666666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
93,1 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,23 ± 0,07
datum otkrića1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

169Tm

Maseni broj169
broj neutrona100
relative atomic mass
168,934218956 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
-0,462 ± 0,003
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

170Tm

Maseni broj170
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
169,935807093 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
0,247 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
128,6 ± 0,3 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.869%
ϵ (electron capture)0.131%

171Tm

Maseni broj171
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
170,936435162 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
-0,46 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,92 ± 0,01 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Tm

Maseni broj172
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
171,938406959 ± 0,000005884 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
63,6 ± 0,3 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Tm

Maseni broj173
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
172,93960663 ± 0,000004723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,24 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Tm

Maseni broj174
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
173,942174061 ± 0,00004801 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,4 ± 0,1 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Tm

Maseni broj175
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
174,94384231 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,2 ± 0,5 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1961
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Tm

Maseni broj176
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
175,946997707 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,85 ± 0,03 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

177Tm

Maseni broj177
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
176,948932 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Tm

Maseni broj178
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
177,952506 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

179Tm

Maseni broj179
broj neutrona110
relative atomic mass
178,955018 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Tm

Maseni broj180
broj neutrona111
relative atomic mass
179,959023 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

181Tm

Maseni broj181
broj neutrona112
relative atomic mass
180,961954 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

182Tm

Maseni broj182
broj neutrona113
relative atomic mass
181,966194 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thulium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljPer Theodor Cleve
mjesto otkrićaSweden
datum otkrića1879
EtimologijaFrom Thule ancient name of Scandinavia.
pronunciationTHOO-li-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,52 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00000017 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,00000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3437
2p4.3588
2s18.0522
3d13.6257
3p20.5239
3s21.0816
4d36.056
4f40.366
4p33.012
4s31.8624
5p51.272
5s48.963
6s60.4158