Tulioa

Tulioa (Tm)

69 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number69
Atomic Weight168.93422
masa-zenbaki169
Group
Period6
Blockf
protoi69 p+
neutroi100 n0
elektroi69 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Tm (Tulioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
175 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
164 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
103 pm
Crystal Radius
117 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
227 pm
dentsitatea
9,321 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Tulioa020406080100120140160180200220240pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
6,18431 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Tm (Tulioa)
Irakite-entalpia
232 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
232,2 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Tm (Tulioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Tm (Tulioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f13 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Tm (Tulioa)
Orbital Diagram of Tm (Tulioa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatibotasun
1.25
Electrophilicity Index
1,2616079623752015 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
2.223,15 K
Melting Point
1.818,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery gray
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000133 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
1,4 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,0000007 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,00000199 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000336179 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0185488
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
25 K
Néel temperature
56 K
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,54 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
45 GPa
Zizaila modulua
31 GPa
Youngen modulu
74 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,21
Soinuaren lastertasun
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number20
Mendeleev Number37
Pettifor Number22
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
144 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
105
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,025
zenbaki kuantiko2F7/2
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thulium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

144Tm

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,976211 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,3 ± 0,9 us
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Tm

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,970389 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,17 ± 0,2 us
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

146Tm

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,966661 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
155 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Tm

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,961379887 ± 0,000007341 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
580 ± 30 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)85%
p (proton emission)15%

148Tm

masa-zenbaki148
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
147,958384026 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
700 ± 200 ms
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Tm

masa-zenbaki149
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
148,952828 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
900 ± 200 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

150Tm

masa-zenbaki150
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
149,95009 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Tm

masa-zenbaki151
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
150,945494433 ± 0,000020799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,17 ± 0,11 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Tm

masa-zenbaki152
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
151,944476 ± 0,000058 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8 ± 1 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Tm

masa-zenbaki153
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
152,942058023 ± 0,00001286 Da
g-factor
1,26 ± 0,02
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,48 ± 0,01 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 1
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)91%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)9%

154Tm

masa-zenbaki154
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
153,941570062 ± 0,000015471 Da
g-factor
−0,57 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,1 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,9
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)54%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)46%

155Tm

masa-zenbaki155
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
154,939209576 ± 0,000010651 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,6 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.17%
α (α emission)0.83%

156Tm

masa-zenbaki156
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
155,938985746 ± 0,000015328 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,015
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
83,8 ± 1,8 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,48 ± 0,11
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.064%

157Tm

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,936973 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,952 ± 0,03
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,63 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.5%

158Tm

masa-zenbaki158
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
157,936979525 ± 0,000027074 Da
g-factor
0,02 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,98 ± 0,06 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,11
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

159Tm

masa-zenbaki159
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
158,934975 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
1,368 ± 0,012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,13 ± 0,16 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,93 ± 0,07
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Tm

masa-zenbaki160
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
159,935264177 ± 0,000035089 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,02
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,58 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Tm

masa-zenbaki161
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
160,933549 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,68571428571429 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,2 ± 0,8 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,9 ± 0,07
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Tm

masa-zenbaki162
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
161,934001211 ± 0,000027974 Da
g-factor
0,068 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,7 ± 0,19 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,69 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Tm

masa-zenbaki163
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
162,932658282 ± 0,00000592 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,81 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Tm

masa-zenbaki164
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
163,933538019 ± 0,000026845 Da
g-factor
2,37 ± 0,03
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,71 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)61%
e+ (positron emission)39%

165Tm

masa-zenbaki165
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
164,932441843 ± 0,000001779 Da
g-factor
−0,278 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,06 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Tm

masa-zenbaki166
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
165,933562136 ± 0,000012401 Da
g-factor
0,0463 ± 0,00035
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,7 ± 0,03 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,14 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Tm

masa-zenbaki167
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
166,932857206 ± 0,00000135 Da
g-factor
−0,394 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,25 ± 0,02 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

168Tm

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
167,934178457 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,075666666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
93,1 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,23 ± 0,07
aurkikuntza-data1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

169Tm

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,934218956 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
−0,462 ± 0,003
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

170Tm

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,935807093 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
0,247 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
128,6 ± 0,3 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.869%
ϵ (electron capture)0.131%

171Tm

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,936435162 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
−0,46 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,92 ± 0,01 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Tm

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,938406959 ± 0,000005884 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
63,6 ± 0,3 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Tm

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,93960663 ± 0,000004723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,24 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Tm

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,942174061 ± 0,00004801 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,4 ± 0,1 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Tm

masa-zenbaki175
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
174,94384231 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15,2 ± 0,5 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Tm

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
175,946997707 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,85 ± 0,03 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

177Tm

masa-zenbaki177
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,948932 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
95 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Tm

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
177,952506 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

179Tm

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,955018 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Tm

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,959023 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

181Tm

masa-zenbaki181
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
180,961954 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

182Tm

masa-zenbaki182
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
181,966194 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thulium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaPer Theodor Cleve
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSweden
aurkikuntza-data1879
etimologiaFrom Thule ancient name of Scandinavia.
pronunciationTHOO-li-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,52 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00000017 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,00000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3437
2p4.3588
2s18.0522
3d13.6257
3p20.5239
3s21.0816
4d36.056
4f40.366
4p33.012
4s31.8624
5p51.272
5s48.963
6s60.4158