Tulij

Tulij (Tm)

chemical element with the atomic number of 69
Atomski broj69
Relativna atomska masa168.93422
Maseni broj169
Skupina
Perioda6
Blokf
proton69 p+
neutron100 n0
elektron69 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Tm (Tulij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
164 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
103 pm
Crystal Radius
117 pm
Van der Waals radius
227 pm
gustoća
9,321 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Tulij0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
6,18431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Tm (Tulij)
Toplina isparivanja
232 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
232,2 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Tm (Tulij)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Tm (Tulij)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f13 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Tm (Tulij)
Orbital Diagram of Tm (Tulij)
Oksidacijski broj0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
1.25
Electrophilicity Index
1,2616079623752015 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
2.223,15 K
Talište
1.818,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery gray
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000133 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,03 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,4 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,0000007 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,00000199 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000336179 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0185488
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
25 K
Néel temperature
56 K
struktura
Kristalna strukturaJednostavna heksagonska (HEX)
lattice constant
3,54 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
45 GPa
shear modulus
31 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
74 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,21
brzina zvuka
classification
KategorijaLantanoidi, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number20
Mendeleev Number37
Pettifor Number22
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
144 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
105
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,025
Kvantni brojevi2F7/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thulium

Stabilni izotopi1
Nestabilni izotopi38
Natural Isotopes1

144Tm

Maseni broj144
neutron number75
Relativna atomska masa
143,976211 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,3 ± 0,9 us
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2005
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Tm

Maseni broj145
neutron number76
Relativna atomska masa
144,970389 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,17 ± 0,2 us
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1998
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

146Tm

Maseni broj146
neutron number77
Relativna atomska masa
145,966661 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
155 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1993
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Tm

Maseni broj147
neutron number78
Relativna atomska masa
146,961379887 ± 0,000007341 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
580 ± 30 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)85%
p (proton emission)15%

148Tm

Maseni broj148
neutron number79
Relativna atomska masa
147,958384026 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
700 ± 200 ms
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Tm

Maseni broj149
neutron number80
Relativna atomska masa
148,952828 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
900 ± 200 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

150Tm

Maseni broj150
neutron number81
Relativna atomska masa
149,95009 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Tm

Maseni broj151
neutron number82
Relativna atomska masa
150,945494433 ± 0,000020799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,17 ± 0,11 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Tm

Maseni broj152
neutron number83
Relativna atomska masa
151,944476 ± 0,000058 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8 ± 1 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Tm

Maseni broj153
neutron number84
Relativna atomska masa
152,942058023 ± 0,00001286 Da
g-factor
1,26 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,48 ± 0,01 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 1
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)91%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)9%

154Tm

Maseni broj154
neutron number85
Relativna atomska masa
153,941570062 ± 0,000015471 Da
g-factor
−0,57 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,1 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,9
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)54%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)46%

155Tm

Maseni broj155
neutron number86
Relativna atomska masa
154,939209576 ± 0,000010651 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,6 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.17%
α (α emission)0.83%

156Tm

Maseni broj156
neutron number87
Relativna atomska masa
155,938985746 ± 0,000015328 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,015
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
83,8 ± 1,8 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,48 ± 0,11
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.064%

157Tm

Maseni broj157
neutron number88
Relativna atomska masa
156,936973 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,952 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,63 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.5%

158Tm

Maseni broj158
neutron number89
Relativna atomska masa
157,936979525 ± 0,000027074 Da
g-factor
0,02 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,98 ± 0,06 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,11
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

159Tm

Maseni broj159
neutron number90
Relativna atomska masa
158,934975 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
1,368 ± 0,012
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,13 ± 0,16 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,93 ± 0,07
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1971
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Tm

Maseni broj160
neutron number91
Relativna atomska masa
159,935264177 ± 0,000035089 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,58 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Tm

Maseni broj161
neutron number92
Relativna atomska masa
160,933549 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,68571428571429 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,2 ± 0,8 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,9 ± 0,07
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Tm

Maseni broj162
neutron number93
Relativna atomska masa
161,934001211 ± 0,000027974 Da
g-factor
0,068 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,7 ± 0,19 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,69 ± 0,03
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1963
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Tm

Maseni broj163
neutron number94
Relativna atomska masa
162,932658282 ± 0,00000592 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,81 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1959
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Tm

Maseni broj164
neutron number95
Relativna atomska masa
163,933538019 ± 0,000026845 Da
g-factor
2,37 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,71 ± 0,05
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)61%
e+ (positron emission)39%

165Tm

Maseni broj165
neutron number96
Relativna atomska masa
164,932441843 ± 0,000001779 Da
g-factor
−0,278 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
30,06 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1953
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Tm

Maseni broj166
neutron number97
Relativna atomska masa
165,933562136 ± 0,000012401 Da
g-factor
0,0463 ± 0,00035
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,7 ± 0,03 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,14 ± 0,03
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Tm

Maseni broj167
neutron number98
Relativna atomska masa
166,932857206 ± 0,00000135 Da
g-factor
−0,394 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,25 ± 0,02 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

168Tm

Maseni broj168
neutron number99
Relativna atomska masa
167,934178457 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,075666666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
93,1 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,23 ± 0,07
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1949
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

169Tm

Maseni broj169
neutron number100
Relativna atomska masa
168,934218956 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
−0,462 ± 0,003
natural abundance
100
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

170Tm

Maseni broj170
neutron number101
Relativna atomska masa
169,935807093 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
0,247 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
128,6 ± 0,3 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1936
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.869%
ϵ (electron capture)0.131%

171Tm

Maseni broj171
neutron number102
Relativna atomska masa
170,936435162 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
−0,46 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,92 ± 0,01 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Tm

Maseni broj172
neutron number103
Relativna atomska masa
171,938406959 ± 0,000005884 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
63,6 ± 0,3 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1956
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Tm

Maseni broj173
neutron number104
Relativna atomska masa
172,93960663 ± 0,000004723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,24 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1961
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Tm

Maseni broj174
neutron number105
Relativna atomska masa
173,942174061 ± 0,00004801 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,4 ± 0,1 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Tm

Maseni broj175
neutron number106
Relativna atomska masa
174,94384231 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,2 ± 0,5 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1961
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Tm

Maseni broj176
neutron number107
Relativna atomska masa
175,946997707 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,85 ± 0,03 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1961
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

177Tm

Maseni broj177
neutron number108
Relativna atomska masa
176,948932 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
95 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Tm

Maseni broj178
neutron number109
Relativna atomska masa
177,952506 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2008
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

179Tm

Maseni broj179
neutron number110
Relativna atomska masa
178,955018 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Tm

Maseni broj180
neutron number111
Relativna atomska masa
179,959023 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

181Tm

Maseni broj181
neutron number112
Relativna atomska masa
180,961954 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

182Tm

Maseni broj182
neutron number113
Relativna atomska masa
181,966194 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thulium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

povijest

otkrio/izumioPer Theodor Cleve
location of discoverySweden
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1879
EtimologijaFrom Thule ancient name of Scandinavia.
pronunciationTHOO-li-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
0,52 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,00000017 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,00000002 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3437
2p4.3588
2s18.0522
3d13.6257
3p20.5239
3s21.0816
4d36.056
4f40.366
4p33.012
4s31.8624
5p51.272
5s48.963
6s60.4158