Tuliyûm

Tuliyûm (Tm)

chemical element with the atomic number of 69
Atomic Number69
Atomic Weight168.93422
Hejmara baristeyî169
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton69 p+
Notron100 n0
Kareva69 e-
Animated Bohr model of Tm (Tuliyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
164 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
103 pm
Crystal Radius
117 pm
Van der Waals radius
227 pm
density
9,321 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Tuliyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,18431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Tm (Tuliyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
232 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
232,2 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
Bohr model: Tm (Tuliyûm)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Tm (Tuliyûm)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f13 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Tm (Tuliyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Tm (Tuliyûm)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
1.25
Electrophilicity Index
1,2616079623752015 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.223,15 K
Melting Point
1.818,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000133 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000007 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000199 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000336179 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0185488
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
25 K
Néel temperature
56 K
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,54 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
45 GPa
shear modulus
31 GPa
Young's modulus
74 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Leza dengê
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number20
Mendeleev Number37
Pettifor Number22
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
144 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
105
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,025
quantum number2F7/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thulium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

144Tm

Hejmara baristeyî144
neutron number75
Giraniya atomê
143,976211 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,3 ± 0,9 us
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Tm

Hejmara baristeyî145
neutron number76
Giraniya atomê
144,970389 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,17 ± 0,2 us
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

146Tm

Hejmara baristeyî146
neutron number77
Giraniya atomê
145,966661 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
155 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Tm

Hejmara baristeyî147
neutron number78
Giraniya atomê
146,961379887 ± 0,000007341 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
580 ± 30 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)85%
p (proton emission)15%

148Tm

Hejmara baristeyî148
neutron number79
Giraniya atomê
147,958384026 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 200 ms
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Tm

Hejmara baristeyî149
neutron number80
Giraniya atomê
148,952828 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
900 ± 200 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

150Tm

Hejmara baristeyî150
neutron number81
Giraniya atomê
149,95009 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Tm

Hejmara baristeyî151
neutron number82
Giraniya atomê
150,945494433 ± 0,000020799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,17 ± 0,11 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Tm

Hejmara baristeyî152
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
151,944476 ± 0,000058 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8 ± 1 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1980
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Tm

Hejmara baristeyî153
neutron number84
Giraniya atomê
152,942058023 ± 0,00001286 Da
g-factor
1,26 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,48 ± 0,01 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 1
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)91%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)9%

154Tm

Hejmara baristeyî154
neutron number85
Giraniya atomê
153,941570062 ± 0,000015471 Da
g-factor
-0,57 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,1 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,9
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)54%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)46%

155Tm

Hejmara baristeyî155
neutron number86
Giraniya atomê
154,939209576 ± 0,000010651 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,6 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.17%
α (α emission)0.83%

156Tm

Hejmara baristeyî156
neutron number87
Giraniya atomê
155,938985746 ± 0,000015328 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,015
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
83,8 ± 1,8 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,48 ± 0,11
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.064%

157Tm

Hejmara baristeyî157
neutron number88
Giraniya atomê
156,936973 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,952 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,63 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.5%

158Tm

Hejmara baristeyî158
neutron number89
Giraniya atomê
157,936979525 ± 0,000027074 Da
g-factor
0,02 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,98 ± 0,06 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,11
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

159Tm

Hejmara baristeyî159
neutron number90
Giraniya atomê
158,934975 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
1,368 ± 0,012
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,13 ± 0,16 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,93 ± 0,07
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Tm

Hejmara baristeyî160
neutron number91
Giraniya atomê
159,935264177 ± 0,000035089 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,58 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Tm

Hejmara baristeyî161
neutron number92
Giraniya atomê
160,933549 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,68571428571429 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,2 ± 0,8 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,9 ± 0,07
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Tm

Hejmara baristeyî162
neutron number93
Giraniya atomê
161,934001211 ± 0,000027974 Da
g-factor
0,068 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,7 ± 0,19 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,69 ± 0,03
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Tm

Hejmara baristeyî163
neutron number94
Giraniya atomê
162,932658282 ± 0,00000592 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,81 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Tm

Hejmara baristeyî164
neutron number95
Giraniya atomê
163,933538019 ± 0,000026845 Da
g-factor
2,37 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,71 ± 0,05
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)61%
e+ (positron emission)39%

165Tm

Hejmara baristeyî165
neutron number96
Giraniya atomê
164,932441843 ± 0,000001779 Da
g-factor
-0,278 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,06 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Tm

Hejmara baristeyî166
neutron number97
Giraniya atomê
165,933562136 ± 0,000012401 Da
g-factor
0,0463 ± 0,00035
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,7 ± 0,03 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,14 ± 0,03
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Tm

Hejmara baristeyî167
neutron number98
Giraniya atomê
166,932857206 ± 0,00000135 Da
g-factor
-0,394 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,25 ± 0,02 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

168Tm

Hejmara baristeyî168
neutron number99
Giraniya atomê
167,934178457 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,075666666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
93,1 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,23 ± 0,07
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

169Tm

Hejmara baristeyî169
neutron number100
Giraniya atomê
168,934218956 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
-0,462 ± 0,003
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

170Tm

Hejmara baristeyî170
neutron number101
Giraniya atomê
169,935807093 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
0,247 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
128,6 ± 0,3 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.869%
ϵ (electron capture)0.131%

171Tm

Hejmara baristeyî171
neutron number102
Giraniya atomê
170,936435162 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
-0,46 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,92 ± 0,01 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Tm

Hejmara baristeyî172
neutron number103
Giraniya atomê
171,938406959 ± 0,000005884 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
63,6 ± 0,3 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Tm

Hejmara baristeyî173
neutron number104
Giraniya atomê
172,93960663 ± 0,000004723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,24 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Tm

Hejmara baristeyî174
neutron number105
Giraniya atomê
173,942174061 ± 0,00004801 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,4 ± 0,1 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Tm

Hejmara baristeyî175
neutron number106
Giraniya atomê
174,94384231 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,2 ± 0,5 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Tm

Hejmara baristeyî176
neutron number107
Giraniya atomê
175,946997707 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,85 ± 0,03 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

177Tm

Hejmara baristeyî177
neutron number108
Giraniya atomê
176,948932 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Tm

Hejmara baristeyî178
neutron number109
Giraniya atomê
177,952506 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

179Tm

Hejmara baristeyî179
neutron number110
Giraniya atomê
178,955018 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Tm

Hejmara baristeyî180
neutron number111
Giraniya atomê
179,959023 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

181Tm

Hejmara baristeyî181
neutron number112
Giraniya atomê
180,961954 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

182Tm

Hejmara baristeyî182
neutron number113
Giraniya atomê
181,966194 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thulium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerPer Theodor Cleve
location of discoverySweden
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1879
BêjenasîFrom Thule ancient name of Scandinavia.
pronunciationTHOO-li-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,52 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00000017 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,00000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3437
2p4.3588
2s18.0522
3d13.6257
3p20.5239
3s21.0816
4d36.056
4f40.366
4p33.012
4s31.8624
5p51.272
5s48.963
6s60.4158