Tuliy

Tuliy (Tm)

chemical element with the atomic number of 69
Atomic Number69
Atomic Weight168.93422
mass number169
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton69 p+
Neytron100 n0
Elektron69 e-
Animated Bohr model of Tm (Tuliy)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
175 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
164 pm
Metallic Radius
Ion radiuslar
103 pm
Crystal Radius
117 pm
Van der Waals radius
227 pm
density
9,321 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Tuliy0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,18431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Tm (Tuliy)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
232 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
standard enthalpy of formation
232,2 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 18, 31, 8, 2
Bohr model: Tm (Tuliy)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Tm (Tuliy)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f13 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Tm (Tuliy)
Orbital Diagram of Tm (Tuliy)
Oksidlanish darajasi0, 1, 2, 3
Elektrmanfiylik
1.25
Electrophilicity Index
1,2616079623752015 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 223,15 K
Melting Point
1 818,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Rang
Silver
appearancesilvery gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,0000133 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,03 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000007 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetizm
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000199 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000336179 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0185488
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
25 K
Néel temperature
56 K
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
Kristall panjara davri
3,54 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
bulk modulus
45 GPa
shear modulus
31 GPa
Yung moduli
74 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Tovush tezligi
klassifikatsiya
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number20
Mendeleev Number37
Pettifor Number22
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
144 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
105
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,025
Atom kvant sonlari2F7/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Thulium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

144Tm

mass number144
neutron number75
Nisbiy atom massa
143,976211 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,3 ± 0,9 us
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2005
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

145Tm

mass number145
neutron number76
Nisbiy atom massa
144,970389 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,17 ± 0,2 us
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%

146Tm

mass number146
neutron number77
Nisbiy atom massa
145,966661 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
155 ± 20 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Tm

mass number147
neutron number78
Nisbiy atom massa
146,961379887 ± 0,000007341 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
580 ± 30 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)85%
p (proton emission)15%

148Tm

mass number148
neutron number79
Nisbiy atom massa
147,958384026 ± 0,000011 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
700 ± 200 ms
spin10
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Tm

mass number149
neutron number80
Nisbiy atom massa
148,952828 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
900 ± 200 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.26%

150Tm

mass number150
neutron number81
Nisbiy atom massa
149,95009 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Tm

mass number151
neutron number82
Nisbiy atom massa
150,945494433 ± 0,000020799 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4,17 ± 0,11 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

152Tm

mass number152
neutron number83
Nisbiy atom massa
151,944476 ± 0,000058 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8 ± 1 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1980
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Tm

mass number153
neutron number84
Nisbiy atom massa
152,942058023 ± 0,00001286 Da
g-factor
1,26 ± 0,02
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,48 ± 0,01 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,5 ± 1
time of discovery or invention1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)91%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)9%

154Tm

mass number154
neutron number85
Nisbiy atom massa
153,941570062 ± 0,000015471 Da
g-factor
-0,57 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8,1 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,4 ± 0,9
time of discovery or invention1964
parity

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)54%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)46%

155Tm

mass number155
neutron number86
Nisbiy atom massa
154,939209576 ± 0,000010651 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
21,6 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.17%
α (α emission)0.83%

156Tm

mass number156
neutron number87
Nisbiy atom massa
155,938985746 ± 0,000015328 Da
g-factor
0,2 ± 0,015
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
83,8 ± 1,8 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,48 ± 0,11
time of discovery or invention1971
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.064%

157Tm

mass number157
neutron number88
Nisbiy atom massa
156,936973 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,952 ± 0,03
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,63 ± 0,09 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.5%

158Tm

mass number158
neutron number89
Nisbiy atom massa
157,936979525 ± 0,000027074 Da
g-factor
0,02 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,98 ± 0,06 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,11
time of discovery or invention1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

159Tm

mass number159
neutron number90
Nisbiy atom massa
158,934975 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
1,368 ± 0,012
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
9,13 ± 0,16 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,93 ± 0,07
time of discovery or invention1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Tm

mass number160
neutron number91
Nisbiy atom massa
159,935264177 ± 0,000035089 Da
g-factor
0,16 ± 0,02
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
9,4 ± 0,3 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,58 ± 0,04
time of discovery or invention1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Tm

mass number161
neutron number92
Nisbiy atom massa
160,933549 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0,68571428571429 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
30,2 ± 0,8 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,9 ± 0,07
time of discovery or invention1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Tm

mass number162
neutron number93
Nisbiy atom massa
161,934001211 ± 0,000027974 Da
g-factor
0,068 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
21,7 ± 0,19 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,69 ± 0,03
time of discovery or invention1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Tm

mass number163
neutron number94
Nisbiy atom massa
162,932658282 ± 0,00000592 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,81 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Tm

mass number164
neutron number95
Nisbiy atom massa
163,933538019 ± 0,000026845 Da
g-factor
2,37 ± 0,03
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2 ± 0,1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,71 ± 0,05
time of discovery or invention1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
ϵ (electron capture)61%
e+ (positron emission)39%

165Tm

mass number165
neutron number96
Nisbiy atom massa
164,932441843 ± 0,000001779 Da
g-factor
-0,278 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
30,06 ± 0,03 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1953
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Tm

mass number166
neutron number97
Nisbiy atom massa
165,933562136 ± 0,000012401 Da
g-factor
0,0463 ± 0,00035
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
7,7 ± 0,03 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,14 ± 0,03
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

167Tm

mass number167
neutron number98
Nisbiy atom massa
166,932857206 ± 0,00000135 Da
g-factor
-0,394 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
9,25 ± 0,02 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

168Tm

mass number168
neutron number99
Nisbiy atom massa
167,934178457 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0,075666666666667 ± 0,0036666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
93,1 ± 0,2 d
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,23 ± 0,07
time of discovery or invention1949
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β (β decay)0.01%

169Tm

mass number169
neutron number100
Nisbiy atom massa
168,934218956 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
-0,462 ± 0,003
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivlikstable isotope
Yarim yemirilish davriNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

170Tm

mass number170
neutron number101
Nisbiy atom massa
169,935807093 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
0,247 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
128,6 ± 0,3 d
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,74 ± 0,02
time of discovery or invention1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)99.869%
ϵ (electron capture)0.131%

171Tm

mass number171
neutron number102
Nisbiy atom massa
170,936435162 ± 0,000001043 Da
g-factor
-0,46 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,92 ± 0,01 y
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Tm

mass number172
neutron number103
Nisbiy atom massa
171,938406959 ± 0,000005884 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
63,6 ± 0,3 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1956
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Tm

mass number173
neutron number104
Nisbiy atom massa
172,93960663 ± 0,000004723 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8,24 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Tm

mass number174
neutron number105
Nisbiy atom massa
173,942174061 ± 0,00004801 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
5,4 ± 0,1 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1960
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Tm

mass number175
neutron number106
Nisbiy atom massa
174,94384231 ± 0,000053677 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
15,2 ± 0,5 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1961
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Tm

mass number176
neutron number107
Nisbiy atom massa
175,946997707 ± 0,000107354 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,85 ± 0,03 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

177Tm

mass number177
neutron number108
Nisbiy atom massa
176,948932 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
95 ± 7 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Tm

mass number178
neutron number109
Nisbiy atom massa
177,952506 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2008
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

179Tm

mass number179
neutron number110
Nisbiy atom massa
178,955018 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

180Tm

mass number180
neutron number111
Nisbiy atom massa
179,959023 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

181Tm

mass number181
neutron number112
Nisbiy atom massa
180,961954 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

182Tm

mass number182
neutron number113
Nisbiy atom massa
181,966194 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Thulium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

tarix

discoverer or inventorPer Theodor Cleve
location of discoverySweden
time of discovery or invention1879
EtimologiyaFrom Thule ancient name of Scandinavia.
pronunciationTHOO-li-em (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,52 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okean)
0,00000017 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0,0000029 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,00000002 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3437
2p4.3588
2s18.0522
3d13.6257
3p20.5239
3s21.0816
4d36.056
4f40.366
4p33.012
4s31.8624
5p51.272
5s48.963
6s60.4158