Wolframioa

Wolframioa (W)

74 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number74
Atomic Weight183.84
masa-zenbaki184
Group6
Period6
Blockd
protoi74 p+
neutroi110 n0
elektroi74 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of W (Wolframioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
135 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
137 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
Erradio ioniko
66 pm
Crystal Radius
80 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
218 pm
dentsitatea
19,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Wolframioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
0,81626 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
7,86403 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of W (Wolframioa)
Irakite-entalpia
824 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
851 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 12, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: W (Wolframioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: W (Wolframioa)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d4 6s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of W (Wolframioa)
Orbital Diagram of W (Wolframioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Elektronegatibotasun
1.7
Electrophilicity Index
1,336370129915207 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
5.828,15 K
Melting Point
3.687,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Gray
appearancegrayish white, lustrous
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000045 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,27 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,132 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
20 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000004999999999997 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
0,015 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,00000000459 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000000844 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0000884
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,16 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
7,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
310 GPa
Zizaila modulua
161 GPa
Youngen modulu
411 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,28
Soinuaren lastertasun
5.174 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIA
IUPAC GroupVIB
Glawe Number57
Mendeleev Number53
Pettifor Number56
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
68 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
18,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0036
zenbaki kuantiko5D0
talde espazial229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Tungsten

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition18430.64%18430.64%18628.43%18628.43%18226.50%18226.50%18314.31%18314.31%1800.12%1800.12%

157W

masa-zenbaki157
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
156,978862 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
275 ± 40 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0%

158W

masa-zenbaki158
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
157,974565 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,43 ± 0,18 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

159W

masa-zenbaki159
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
158,972696 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,2 ± 0,7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

160W

masa-zenbaki160
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
159,968513946 ± 0,000160828 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
90 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)87%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

161W

masa-zenbaki161
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
160,967249 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
409 ± 16 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)73%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)27%

162W

masa-zenbaki162
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
161,963500341 ± 0,000018955 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,19 ± 0,12 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)45.2%

163W

masa-zenbaki163
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
162,962524251 ± 0,000062722 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,63 ± 0,09 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)14%

164W

masa-zenbaki164
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
163,958952445 ± 0,000010384 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,3 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.2%
α (α emission)3.8%

165W

masa-zenbaki165
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
164,958280663 ± 0,000027649 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,1 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

166W

masa-zenbaki166
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
165,955031952 ± 0,000010159 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,2 ± 0,6 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.965%
α (α emission)0.035%

167W

masa-zenbaki167
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
166,95481108 ± 0,000020078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,9 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.96%
α (α emission)0.04%

168W

masa-zenbaki168
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
167,951805459 ± 0,000014233 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
50,9 ± 1,9 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0032%

169W

masa-zenbaki169
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
168,951778689 ± 0,000016571 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
74 ± 6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

170W

masa-zenbaki170
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
169,949231235 ± 0,000014165 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,42 ± 0,04 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171W

masa-zenbaki171
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
170,949451 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,38 ± 0,04 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172W

masa-zenbaki172
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
171,947292 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,6 ± 0,9 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173W

masa-zenbaki173
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
172,947689 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,6 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

174W

masa-zenbaki174
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
173,946079 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33,2 ± 2,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175W

masa-zenbaki175
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
174,946717 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
35,2 ± 0,6 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

176W

masa-zenbaki176
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
175,945634 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

177W

masa-zenbaki177
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
176,946643 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
132,4 ± 2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

178W

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
177,945885791 ± 0,000016316 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,6 ± 0,3 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

179W

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,947079378 ± 0,000015644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
37,05 ± 0,16 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

180W

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,946713304 ± 0,000001545 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,12 ± 0,01
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,59 ± 0,5 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

181W

masa-zenbaki181
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
180,948218733 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
120,956 ± 0,019 d
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

182W

masa-zenbaki182
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
181,948205636 ± 0,000000799 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,5 ± 0,16
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

183W

masa-zenbaki183
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
182,950224416 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
14,31 ± 0,04
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1930
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

184W

masa-zenbaki184
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
183,95093318 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
30,64 ± 0,02
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

185W

masa-zenbaki185
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,953421206 ± 0,000000793 Da
g-factor
0,362 ± 0,0093333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
75,1 ± 0,3 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

186W

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
185,95436514 ± 0,000001302 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28,43 ± 0,19
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

187W

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,957161249 ± 0,000001302 Da
g-factor
0,414 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,809 ± 0,025 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

188W

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,958488325 ± 0,000003316 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
69,77 ± 0,05 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

189W

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,961557 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
11,6 ± 0,2 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

190W

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,963103542 ± 0,000037993 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30 ± 1,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

191W

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,966531 ± 0,000045 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

192W

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,968202 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

193W

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,971884 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

194W

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,973795 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

195W

masa-zenbaki195
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
194,977735 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

196W

masa-zenbaki196
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
195,979882 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

197W

masa-zenbaki197
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
196,984036 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Wolfram evaporated crystals and 1cm3 cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaFausto and Juan José de Elhuyar
aurkikuntzaren lekuaSpain
aurkikuntza-data1783
etimologiaSwedish: tung sten (heavy stone): symbol from its German name wolfram.
pronunciationTUNG-sten (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,25 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,0001 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.4343
2p4.4258
2s19.3302
3d13.5476
3p21.3824
3s22.13
4d36.8268
4f39.2892
4p34.4516
4s33.4412
5d57.258
5p52.6745
5s50.4585
6s64.1456