Tungsten

Tungsten (W)

chemical element with symbol W and atomic number 74
Atomic Number74
Atomic Weight183.84
Hejmara baristeyî184
Group6
Period6
Blockd
Proton74 p+
Notron110 n0
Kareva74 e-
Animated Bohr model of W (Tungsten)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
135 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
137 pm
Metallic Radius
130 pm
ionic radius
66 pm
Crystal Radius
80 pm
Van der Waals radius
218 pm
density
19,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Tungsten0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,81626 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,86403 eV/particle
ionization energy of W (Tungsten)
enthalpy of vaporization
824 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
851 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 12, 2
Bohr model: W (Tungsten)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: W (Tungsten)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d4 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of W (Tungsten)
Orbital Diagram of W (Tungsten)
oxidation number-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
electronegativity
1.7
Electrophilicity Index
1,336370129915207 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
5.828,15 K
Melting Point
3.687,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Gray
appearancegrayish white, lustrous
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000045 1/K
molar heat capacity
24,27 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,132 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
20 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000004999999999997 m Ω
superconductivity
0,015 K
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000000459 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000000844 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000884
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureBody Centered Cubic (BCC)
lattice constant
3,16 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
7,5 MPa
bulk modulus
310 GPa
shear modulus
161 GPa
Young's modulus
411 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,28
Leza dengê
5.174 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIA
IUPAC GroupVIB
Glawe Number57
Mendeleev Number53
Pettifor Number56
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
68 ± 15 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
18,4
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0036
quantum number5D0
space group229 (Im_3m)

Isotopes of Tungsten

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes41
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition18430.64%18430.64%18628.43%18628.43%18226.50%18226.50%18314.31%18314.31%1800.12%1800.12%

157W

Hejmara baristeyî157
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
156,978862 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
275 ± 40 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0%

158W

Hejmara baristeyî158
neutron number84
Giraniya atomê
157,974565 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,43 ± 0,18 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

159W

Hejmara baristeyî159
neutron number85
Giraniya atomê
158,972696 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,2 ± 0,7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

160W

Hejmara baristeyî160
neutron number86
Giraniya atomê
159,968513946 ± 0,000160828 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
90 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)87%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

161W

Hejmara baristeyî161
neutron number87
Giraniya atomê
160,967249 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
409 ± 16 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)73%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)27%

162W

Hejmara baristeyî162
neutron number88
Giraniya atomê
161,963500341 ± 0,000018955 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,19 ± 0,12 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)45.2%

163W

Hejmara baristeyî163
neutron number89
Giraniya atomê
162,962524251 ± 0,000062722 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,63 ± 0,09 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)14%

164W

Hejmara baristeyî164
neutron number90
Giraniya atomê
163,958952445 ± 0,000010384 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,3 ± 0,2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)96.2%
α (α emission)3.8%

165W

Hejmara baristeyî165
neutron number91
Giraniya atomê
164,958280663 ± 0,000027649 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,1 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

166W

Hejmara baristeyî166
neutron number92
Giraniya atomê
165,955031952 ± 0,000010159 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,2 ± 0,6 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.965%
α (α emission)0.035%

167W

Hejmara baristeyî167
neutron number93
Giraniya atomê
166,95481108 ± 0,000020078 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,9 ± 0,5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.96%
α (α emission)0.04%

168W

Hejmara baristeyî168
neutron number94
Giraniya atomê
167,951805459 ± 0,000014233 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
50,9 ± 1,9 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0032%

169W

Hejmara baristeyî169
neutron number95
Giraniya atomê
168,951778689 ± 0,000016571 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
74 ± 6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1985
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

170W

Hejmara baristeyî170
neutron number96
Giraniya atomê
169,949231235 ± 0,000014165 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,42 ± 0,04 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1971
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

171W

Hejmara baristeyî171
neutron number97
Giraniya atomê
170,949451 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,38 ± 0,04 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1983
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

172W

Hejmara baristeyî172
neutron number98
Giraniya atomê
171,947292 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,6 ± 0,9 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

173W

Hejmara baristeyî173
neutron number99
Giraniya atomê
172,947689 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,6 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

174W

Hejmara baristeyî174
neutron number100
Giraniya atomê
173,946079 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,2 ± 2,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

175W

Hejmara baristeyî175
neutron number101
Giraniya atomê
174,946717 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,2 ± 0,6 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

176W

Hejmara baristeyî176
neutron number102
Giraniya atomê
175,945634 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

177W

Hejmara baristeyî177
neutron number103
Giraniya atomê
176,946643 ± 0,00003 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
132,4 ± 2 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

178W

Hejmara baristeyî178
neutron number104
Giraniya atomê
177,945885791 ± 0,000016316 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,6 ± 0,3 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

179W

Hejmara baristeyî179
neutron number105
Giraniya atomê
178,947079378 ± 0,000015644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37,05 ± 0,16 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

180W

Hejmara baristeyî180
neutron number106
Giraniya atomê
179,946713304 ± 0,000001545 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,12 ± 0,01
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,59 ± 0,5 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
+ (double β+ decay)

181W

Hejmara baristeyî181
neutron number107
Giraniya atomê
180,948218733 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
120,956 ± 0,019 d
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1947
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

182W

Hejmara baristeyî182
neutron number108
Giraniya atomê
181,948205636 ± 0,000000799 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,5 ± 0,16
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

183W

Hejmara baristeyî183
neutron number109
Giraniya atomê
182,950224416 ± 0,000000798 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
14,31 ± 0,04
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1930
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

184W

Hejmara baristeyî184
neutron number110
Giraniya atomê
183,95093318 ± 0,000000792 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
30,64 ± 0,02
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

185W

Hejmara baristeyî185
neutron number111
Giraniya atomê
184,953421206 ± 0,000000793 Da
g-factor
0,362 ± 0,0093333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
75,1 ± 0,3 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

186W

Hejmara baristeyî186
neutron number112
Giraniya atomê
185,95436514 ± 0,000001302 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28,43 ± 0,19
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1930
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

187W

Hejmara baristeyî187
neutron number113
Giraniya atomê
186,957161249 ± 0,000001302 Da
g-factor
0,414 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,809 ± 0,025 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

188W

Hejmara baristeyî188
neutron number114
Giraniya atomê
187,958488325 ± 0,000003316 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
69,77 ± 0,05 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

189W

Hejmara baristeyî189
neutron number115
Giraniya atomê
188,961557 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,6 ± 0,2 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

190W

Hejmara baristeyî190
neutron number116
Giraniya atomê
189,963103542 ± 0,000037993 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30 ± 1,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1976
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

191W

Hejmara baristeyî191
neutron number117
Giraniya atomê
190,966531 ± 0,000045 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1999
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

192W

Hejmara baristeyî192
neutron number118
Giraniya atomê
191,968202 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

193W

Hejmara baristeyî193
neutron number119
Giraniya atomê
192,971884 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2009
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

194W

Hejmara baristeyî194
neutron number120
Giraniya atomê
193,973795 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

195W

Hejmara baristeyî195
neutron number121
Giraniya atomê
194,977735 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

196W

Hejmara baristeyî196
neutron number122
Giraniya atomê
195,979882 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

197W

Hejmara baristeyî197
neutron number123
Giraniya atomê
196,984036 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Wolfram evaporated crystals and 1cm3 cube

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerFausto and Juan José de Elhuyar
location of discoverySpain
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1783
BêjenasîSwedish: tung sten (heavy stone): symbol from its German name wolfram.
pronunciationTUNG-sten (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,25 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,0001 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000012 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.4343
2p4.4258
2s19.3302
3d13.5476
3p21.3824
3s22.13
4d36.8268
4f39.2892
4p34.4516
4s33.4412
5d57.258
5p52.6745
5s50.4585
6s64.1456