Xenon

Xenon (Xe)

'n chemiese element in die periodieke tabel met die simbool Xe
Atomic Number54
Atomic Weight131.293
Massagetal132
Group18
Period5
Blockp
proton54 p+
neutron78 n0
elektron54 e-
Animated Bohr model of Xe (Xenon)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
molar volume
Covalent Radius
131 pm
Metallic Radius
Ioonradius
40 pm
Crystal Radius
54 pm
Van der Waals radius
216 pm
density
0,005366 g/cm³

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
499,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
12,1298431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Xe (Xenon)
Verdampingswarmte
12,65 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
Vormingsentalpie
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Bohr model: Xe (Xenon)
Valenselektrone8
Lewisteorie: Xe (Xenon)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6
Enhanced Bohr model of Xe (Xenon)
Orbital Diagram of Xe (Xenon)
Oksidasietoestand0, 2, 4, 6, 8
Elektronegatiwiteit
2.6
Electrophilicity Index
1,4953590614035728 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterGas
gaseous state of matterMonoatomic
Boiling Point
165,051 K
Melting Point
161,4 K
critical pressure
5,842 MPa
critical temperature
289,733 K
triple point
161,405 K
81,77 kPa
appearance
kleur
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
Brekingsindeks
1,000702
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,0057 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
20,786 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,158 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio5/3
electrical properties
type
Geleidingsvermoë
Elektriese resistiwiteit
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000043 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000565 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000000254
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
6,2 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
Skuifmodulus
Young se modulus
Poisson se verhouding
Spoed van klank
1 090 m/s
classification
CategoryNoble gases, Noble gases
CAS GroupVIII
IUPAC GroupVIIIA
Glawe Number5
Mendeleev Number116
Pettifor Number5
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

other

Gas Basicity
478,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
27,32 ± 0,2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
25
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0083
quantum number1S0
Ruimtegroep225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Xenon

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes9
Isotopic Composition12926.40%12926.40%13226.91%13226.91%13121.23%13121.23%13410.44%13410.44%1368.86%1368.86%1304.07%1304.07%1281.91%1281.91%1240.10%1240.10%1260.09%1260.09%

108Xe

Massagetal108
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
107,954232285 ± 0,000407406 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
72 ± 35 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

109Xe

Massagetal109
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
108,950434955 ± 0,000322178 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
13 ± 2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2006
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

110Xe

Massagetal110
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
109,944258759 ± 0,000108415 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
93 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)36%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

111Xe

Massagetal111
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
110,94147 ± 0,000124 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
740 ± 200 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)89.6%
α (α emission)10.4%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112Xe

Massagetal112
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
111,935559068 ± 0,000008891 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,7 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.8%
α (α emission)1.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

113Xe

Massagetal113
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
112,933221663 ± 0,000007342 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,74 ± 0,08 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.007%

114Xe

Massagetal114
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
113,927980329 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Xe

Massagetal115
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
114,926293943 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
18 ± 3 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.34%

116Xe

Massagetal116
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
115,921580955 ± 0,000013974 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
59 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Xe

Massagetal117
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
116,920358758 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
-0,23752 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
61 ± 2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,1 ± 0,4
ontdekkingsdatum1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0029%

118Xe

Massagetal118
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
117,916178678 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,8 ± 0,9 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Xe

Massagetal119
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
118,915410641 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
-0,26168 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,8 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,29 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)79%
ϵ (electron capture)21%

120Xe

Massagetal120
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
119,911784267 ± 0,000012686 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
46 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Xe

Massagetal121
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
120,911453012 ± 0,000010995 Da
g-factor
-0,2804 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
40,1 ± 2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,31 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122Xe

Massagetal122
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
121,908367655 ± 0,000011928 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
20,1 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

123Xe

Massagetal123
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
122,908482235 ± 0,000010234 Da
g-factor
-0,3 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,08 ± 0,02 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124Xe

Massagetal124
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
123,905885174 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,095 ± 0,005
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

125Xe

Massagetal125
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
124,90638764 ± 0,000001518 Da
g-factor
-0,538 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
16,87 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

126Xe

Massagetal126
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
125,904297422 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,089 ± 0,003
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

127Xe

Massagetal127
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
126,905183636 ± 0,000004388 Da
g-factor
-1,0066 ± 0,0022
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
36,342 ± 0,003 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

128Xe

Massagetal128
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
127,90353075341 ± 0,00000000558 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,91 ± 0,013
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

129Xe

Massagetal129
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
128,90478085742 ± 0,00000000542 Da
g-factor
-1,555922 ± 0,000032
natural abundance
26,401 ± 0,138
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

130Xe

Massagetal130
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
129,903509346 ± 0,00000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,071 ± 0,022
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1922
parity+

131Xe

Massagetal131
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
130,90508412808 ± 0,00000000549 Da
g-factor
0,46123 ± 0,0000046666666666667
natural abundance
21,232 ± 0,051
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,114 ± 0,001
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

132Xe

Massagetal132
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
131,90415508346 ± 0,00000000544 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,909 ± 0,055
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

133Xe

Massagetal133
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
132,905910748 ± 0,000002576 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,2474 ± 0,0005 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,14 ± 0,005
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Xe

Massagetal134
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
133,90539303 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,436 ± 0,035
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

135Xe

Massagetal135
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
134,907231441 ± 0,000003938 Da
g-factor
0,60213333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,14 ± 0,02 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,007
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

136Xe

Massagetal136
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
135,907214474 ± 0,000000007 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8,857 ± 0,072
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,18 ± 0,05 Zy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

137Xe

Massagetal137
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
136,911557771 ± 0,000000111 Da
g-factor
-0,27725714285714 ± 0,00028571428571429
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,818 ± 0,013 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,47 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

138Xe

Massagetal138
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
137,914146268 ± 0,00000301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14,14 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

139Xe

Massagetal139
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
138,9187922 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
-0,20266666666667 ± 0,0010666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
39,68 ± 0,14 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,39 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

140Xe

Massagetal140
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
139,921645814 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
13,6 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

141Xe

Massagetal141
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
140,926787181 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0,004 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,73 ± 0,01 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,57 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.044%

142Xe

Massagetal142
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
141,929973095 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,23 ± 0,02 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.37%

143Xe

Massagetal143
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
142,93536955 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
-0,184 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
511 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,91 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

144Xe

Massagetal144
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
143,938945076 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
388 ± 7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

145Xe

Massagetal145
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
144,944719631 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
188 ± 4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2003
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

146Xe

Massagetal146
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
145,948518245 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
146 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.9%

147Xe

Massagetal147
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
146,954482 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
88 ± 14 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

148Xe

Massagetal148
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
147,958508 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
85 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

149Xe

Massagetal149
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
148,964573 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

150Xe

Massagetal150
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
149,968878 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Xenon discharge tube

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurSir William Ramsay; M. W. Travers
ligging van ontdekkingEngland
ontdekkingsdatum1898
etimologieGreek: xenos (strange).
uitspraakZEE-non (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,00003 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,00005 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
natural abundance (Son)
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0785
2p4.1654
2s14.197
3d14.0532
3p18.3324
3s18.4236
4d32.1068
4p29.0428
4s27.8272
5p41.5755
5s39.782