Ksenon

Ksenon (Xe)

hemijski element sa simbolom Xe i atomskim brojem 54
Atomic Number54
Atomic Weight131.293
Maseni broj132
Group18
Period5
Blockp
Proton54 p+
Neutron78 n0
Elektron54 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Xe (Ksenon)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
131 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
40 pm
Crystal Radius
54 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
216 pm
gustoća
0,005366 g/cm³

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
499,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
12,1298431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Xe (Ksenon)
Toplota isparavanja
12,65 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
standard enthalpy of formation
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Bohrov model atoma: Xe (Ksenon)
Valentni elektron8
Lewis structure: Xe (Ksenon)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Xe (Ksenon)
Orbital Diagram of Xe (Ksenon)
oksidacijsko stanje0, 2, 4, 6, 8
Elektronegativnost
2.6
Electrophilicity Index
1,4953590614035728 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeGas
gaseous state of matterMonoatomic
Boiling Point
165,051 K
Melting Point
161,4 K
critical pressure
5,842 MPa
Kritična temperatura
289,733 K
Trojna tačka
161,405 K
81,77 kPa
appearance
boja
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
Indeks prelamanja
1,000702
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,0057 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
20,786 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,158 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio5/3
electrical properties
type
Specifična električna provodljivost
electrical resistivity
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000043 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000565 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000000254
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
6,2 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Brzina zvuka
1.090 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryNoble gases, Noble gases
CAS GroupVIII
IUPAC GroupVIIIA
Glawe Number5
Mendeleev Number116
Pettifor Number5
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

other

Gas Basicity
478,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
27,32 ± 0,2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
25
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0083
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Xenon

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes9
Isotopic Composition12926.40%12926.40%13226.91%13226.91%13121.23%13121.23%13410.44%13410.44%1368.86%1368.86%1304.07%1304.07%1281.91%1281.91%1240.10%1240.10%1260.09%1260.09%

108Xe

Maseni broj108
broj neutrona54
relative atomic mass
107,954232285 ± 0,000407406 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
72 ± 35 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

109Xe

Maseni broj109
broj neutrona55
relative atomic mass
108,950434955 ± 0,000322178 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
13 ± 2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2006
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

110Xe

Maseni broj110
broj neutrona56
relative atomic mass
109,944258759 ± 0,000108415 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
93 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)36%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

111Xe

Maseni broj111
broj neutrona57
relative atomic mass
110,94147 ± 0,000124 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
740 ± 200 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)89.6%
α (α emission)10.4%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112Xe

Maseni broj112
broj neutrona58
relative atomic mass
111,935559068 ± 0,000008891 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,7 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.8%
α (α emission)1.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

113Xe

Maseni broj113
broj neutrona59
relative atomic mass
112,933221663 ± 0,000007342 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,74 ± 0,08 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.007%

114Xe

Maseni broj114
broj neutrona60
relative atomic mass
113,927980329 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Xe

Maseni broj115
broj neutrona61
relative atomic mass
114,926293943 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18 ± 3 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.34%

116Xe

Maseni broj116
broj neutrona62
relative atomic mass
115,921580955 ± 0,000013974 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
59 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Xe

Maseni broj117
broj neutrona63
relative atomic mass
116,920358758 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
-0,23752 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
61 ± 2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,1 ± 0,4
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0029%

118Xe

Maseni broj118
broj neutrona64
relative atomic mass
117,916178678 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,8 ± 0,9 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Xe

Maseni broj119
broj neutrona65
relative atomic mass
118,915410641 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
-0,26168 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,8 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,29 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)79%
ϵ (electron capture)21%

120Xe

Maseni broj120
broj neutrona66
relative atomic mass
119,911784267 ± 0,000012686 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
46 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Xe

Maseni broj121
broj neutrona67
relative atomic mass
120,911453012 ± 0,000010995 Da
g-factor
-0,2804 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
40,1 ± 2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,31 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122Xe

Maseni broj122
broj neutrona68
relative atomic mass
121,908367655 ± 0,000011928 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
20,1 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

123Xe

Maseni broj123
broj neutrona69
relative atomic mass
122,908482235 ± 0,000010234 Da
g-factor
-0,3 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,08 ± 0,02 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124Xe

Maseni broj124
broj neutrona70
relative atomic mass
123,905885174 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,095 ± 0,005
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

125Xe

Maseni broj125
broj neutrona71
relative atomic mass
124,90638764 ± 0,000001518 Da
g-factor
-0,538 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
16,87 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

126Xe

Maseni broj126
broj neutrona72
relative atomic mass
125,904297422 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,089 ± 0,003
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

127Xe

Maseni broj127
broj neutrona73
relative atomic mass
126,905183636 ± 0,000004388 Da
g-factor
-1,0066 ± 0,0022
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
36,342 ± 0,003 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

128Xe

Maseni broj128
broj neutrona74
relative atomic mass
127,90353075341 ± 0,00000000558 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,91 ± 0,013
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

129Xe

Maseni broj129
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
128,90478085742 ± 0,00000000542 Da
g-factor
-1,555922 ± 0,000032
natural abundance
26,401 ± 0,138
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

130Xe

Maseni broj130
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
129,903509346 ± 0,00000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,071 ± 0,022
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1922
parity+

131Xe

Maseni broj131
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
130,90508412808 ± 0,00000000549 Da
g-factor
0,46123 ± 0,0000046666666666667
natural abundance
21,232 ± 0,051
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,114 ± 0,001
datum otkrića1920
parity+

132Xe

Maseni broj132
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
131,90415508346 ± 0,00000000544 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,909 ± 0,055
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

133Xe

Maseni broj133
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
132,905910748 ± 0,000002576 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
5,2474 ± 0,0005 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,14 ± 0,005
datum otkrića1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Xe

Maseni broj134
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
133,90539303 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,436 ± 0,035
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

135Xe

Maseni broj135
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
134,907231441 ± 0,000003938 Da
g-factor
0,60213333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,14 ± 0,02 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,007
datum otkrića1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

136Xe

Maseni broj136
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
135,907214474 ± 0,000000007 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8,857 ± 0,072
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,18 ± 0,05 Zy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

137Xe

Maseni broj137
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
136,911557771 ± 0,000000111 Da
g-factor
-0,27725714285714 ± 0,00028571428571429
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,818 ± 0,013 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,47 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

138Xe

Maseni broj138
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
137,914146268 ± 0,00000301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,14 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

139Xe

Maseni broj139
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
138,9187922 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
-0,20266666666667 ± 0,0010666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39,68 ± 0,14 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,39 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

140Xe

Maseni broj140
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
139,921645814 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
13,6 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

141Xe

Maseni broj141
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
140,926787181 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0,004 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,73 ± 0,01 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,57 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.044%

142Xe

Maseni broj142
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
141,929973095 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,23 ± 0,02 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.37%

143Xe

Maseni broj143
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
142,93536955 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
-0,184 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
511 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,91 ± 0,03
datum otkrića1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

144Xe

Maseni broj144
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
143,938945076 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
388 ± 7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

145Xe

Maseni broj145
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
144,944719631 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
188 ± 4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2003
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

146Xe

Maseni broj146
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
145,948518245 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
146 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.9%

147Xe

Maseni broj147
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
146,954482 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
88 ± 14 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

148Xe

Maseni broj148
broj neutrona94
relative atomic mass
147,958508 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
85 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

149Xe

Maseni broj149
broj neutrona95
relative atomic mass
148,964573 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

150Xe

Maseni broj150
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
149,968878 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Xenon discharge tube

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljSir William Ramsay; M. W. Travers
mjesto otkrićaEngland
datum otkrića1898
EtimologijaGreek: xenos (strange).
pronunciationZEE-non (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,00003 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00005 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
natural abundance (Sunce)
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0785
2p4.1654
2s14.197
3d14.0532
3p18.3324
3s18.4236
4d32.1068
4p29.0428
4s27.8272
5p41.5755
5s39.782